Sarah Orne Jewett

Sarah Orne Jewett


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Sarah Orne Jewett, die dogter van 'n dokter, is gebore in South Berwick, Maine, op 3 September 1849. Jewett is opgevoed by Miss Olive Rayne se skool en daarna aan die Berwick Academy, en studeer in 1865.

Jewett het 'n verhaal in die Atlantic Maandeliks op die ouderdom van negentien. Dit is gevolg deur verskeie boeke, insluitend Deephaven (1877) Speeldagverhale (1878) en Ou vriende en nuut (1879).

Sarah het goeie vriende geword met Annie Fields. Haar man, James Thomas Fields, is op 24 April 1881 oorlede. Kort daarna het Sarah by Annie ingetrek. Mark DeWolfe Howe het aangevoer in Herinneringe aan 'n gasvrou (1922): "James Fields het Jewett gekies as die ideale vriend om die dreigende leemte in die lewe van sy vrou te vul. Hy moes geweet het dat, as die tyd sou aanbreek dat sy haarself weer sonder hom sou aanpas, iets meer sou nodig wees as willekeurige kontak met vriende ... Hy moes besef het dat die intens persoonlike element in haar aard 'n uitlaatklep sou vereis deur 'n intens persoonlike toewyding As hy die verhouding tussen mev. Fields en mej. vyftien jaar byna onmiddellik na sy dood, en gedurende die hele lewe van die jonger vriend, sou hy beslis 'n groot mate van tevredenheid gevoel het oor wat nog sou gebeur. "

Toe die vroue uitmekaar was, het hulle passievolle briewe aan mekaar geskryf. In Maart 1882 skryf Sarah: "Weet jy seker hoe lief ek jou het ... Ek dink aan jou en dink aan jou en ek word altyd aan jou herinner." In 'n ander brief het sy vir Annie gesê: "Ek verlang daarna om jou te sien en allerhande dwase dinge te sê ... en om jou soveel keer te soen." Lillian Faderman, die skrywer van Die liefde van mans oortref (1981) stel openlik voor dat Fields en Jewett se verhouding lesbies was. Ander het egter twyfel hieroor laat ontstaan.

In 1884 besoek George Washington Cable hul huis: "In Charles Street het ek geëet en die aand saam met mev. Fields en juffrou Sarah Orne Jewett deurgebring. Hulle is albei vroue van nadruklike goedheid en intelligensie. Mev. Fields kon my 'n geruime tyd nie sien as sy het pas ingekom van 'n harde dag om haar verskillende liefdadigheidsorganisasies te besoek en is deur die storm bedroef. Ons het oor mans en dinge gepraat ... roem en goue jare, en swart hare wat uit die middel van die boonste voorkop en agteroor na die ore waai. Ek moet probeer om haar prentjie te kry ... juffrou Jewett is nie skilderagtig soos mev Fields nie, maar dit is 'n lieflike kort preek net om na haar te kyk. ”

Jewett gepubliseer 'N Landdokter (1884), Die maat van die daglig en vriende aan wal (1884), 'N Witreier (1886), Tales of New England (1890), Vreemdelinge en Wayfarers (1890), Die land van die spitsvurke (1896) en Die Tory Minnaar (1901). Die kritikus, William Dean Howells, het opgemerk dat sy ''n ongewone gevoel vir praat gehad het - ek hoor jou mense'.

Jewett was, net soos Annie Fields, 'n sterk voorstander van vroueregte. Sy het eenkeer gesê: "God sou ons nie dieselfde talent gee as dit wat reg was vir mans, verkeerd was vir vroue nie." By 'n ander geleentheid het sy gesê: "Wat het hierdie nasie groot gemaak? Nie sy helde nie, maar sy huishoudings."

In 1902 word Jewett uit 'n wa geslinger en haar kop en nek beseer. Die beserings het die afgelope vier jaar herhaaldelik pyn, duiseligheid en vergeetagtigheid veroorsaak. Soos Susan K. Harris, die skrywer van Die kultuurwerk van die laat-negentiende-eeuse gasvrou (2004), het daarop gewys: "Terwyl Jewett aan die herstel was in Maine, het Fields 'n ligte beroerte in Boston opgedoen; die gevolg van albei hul siektes was 'n langdurige skeiding en gevolglike angs oor mekaar."

Sarah Orne Jewett is op 24 Junie 1909 oorlede.

Na die dood van James T. Fields in 1881 word Annie Fields en Sarah Orne Jewett baie vinnig 'n paartjie in die landskap van New England. Menings oor hierdie verhouding verskil. Vir hulle tydgenote blyk dit as 'n gelukkige oplossing vir moontlike eensaamheid vir beide vroue beskou te word; dit is veral duidelik in medelydingsbriewe wat aan Fields geskryf is oor Jewett se dood in 1909 ... Mark DeWolfe Howe, wie se Herinneringe aan 'n gasvrou (1922) het die beeld van Annie Fields vir die meeste lesers uit die twintigste eeu gekonstrueer, dui daarop dat James Fields die verhouding ontwerp het toe hy besef dat hy op die punt was om te sterf. Terugwerkend gelees, laat Howe se opbou van James Fields se rol in Annie Fields en Jewett se vriendskap die rol paternalisties lyk, maar ek vermoed dat Howe se opset 'n doelbewus vindingryke manier was om oor die feite van die verhouding en die groeiende homofobie van sy eie era te onderhandel. Dit sou baie jare duur voordat Lillian Faderman (Die liefde van mans oortref, 1981) sou openlik suggereer dat Fields en Jewett se verhouding lesbies was. Onder onlangse kommentators merk Rita Gollin op dat hul 'diep liefdevolle assosiasie weerstaan ​​om etiketteer', en Paula Blanchard beskou dit as 'n wedersydse, sororale/moederlike vriendskap tussen gelykes.

James Fields het Jewett gekies as die ideale vriend om die dreigende leemte in die lewe van sy vrou te vul. Fields en juffrou Jewett, wat haar jonger was, byna onmiddellik na sy dood met ongeveer vyftien jaar, en gedurende die lewe van die jonger vriend sou voortgaan, sou hy beslis 'n groot mate van tevredenheid in die toekoms gehad het.


Jewett, Sarah Orne (1849–1909)

Amerikaanse skrywer wat veral bekend is vir haar uitbeeldings van die plattelandse lewe aan die kus van Maine. Naamvariasies: Die voornaam was Theodora, selde gebruik. Gebore Theodora Sarah Orne Jewett in South Berwick, Maine, op 3 September 1849 oorlede op 24 Junie 1909 by haar geboorteplek dogter van Theodore Herman Jewett ('n plattelandse dokter) en Caroline Frances (Perry) Jewett studeer aan die Berwick Academy in 1865 nooit Die primêre verhouding was ongeveer 30 jaar met Annie Adams Fields.

Benewens haar kortverhale, publiseer sy haar eerste kortverhaal op 17, skryf sy talle kinderboeke, verskeie gewilde geskiedenis en drie romans wat veral bekend is vir Die land van die spitsvurke (1896), 'n roman wat deur baie kritici beskou word as een van die beste in die Amerikaanse letterkunde.


Sarah Orne Jewett is gebore in South Berwick, Maine op 3 September 1849. Haar gesin was al baie geslagte lank inwoners van New England. [2]

Jewett se pa, Theodore Herman Jewett, was 'n dokter wat spesialiseer in 'verloskunde en siektes van vroue en kinders', [3] en Jewett vergesel hom gereeld op sy rondte en maak kennis met die besienswaardighede en geluide van haar geboorteland en sy mense. [4] Haar ma was Caroline Frances (Perry). [5] As behandeling vir rumatoïede artritis, 'n toestand wat in haar vroeë kinderjare ontwikkel het, is Jewett gereeld op stap gestuur en daardeur ook 'n liefde vir die natuur ontwikkel. [6] In die latere lewe besoek Jewett dikwels Boston, waar sy kennis maak met baie van die invloedrykste literêre figure van haar tyd, maar sy keer altyd terug na South Berwick, klein hawe naby wat die inspirasie was vir die dorpe "Deephaven" en "Dunnet Landing" in haar verhale. [7]

Jewett is opgelei aan Miss Olive Rayne se skool en daarna aan die Berwick Academy, en studeer in 1866. [8] Sy het haar opleiding aangevul met lees in haar uitgebreide familiebiblioteek. Jewett was 'nooit openlik godsdienstig' nie, maar nadat sy in 1871 by die Episkopale kerk aangesluit het, het sy minder konvensionele godsdienstige idees ondersoek. Haar vriendskap met die professor in die regte in Harvard, Theophilus Parsons, het byvoorbeeld 'n belangstelling in die leerstellings van Emanuel Swedenborg, 'n Sweedse wetenskaplike en teoloog uit die agtiende eeu, wat geglo het dat die goddelike 'in ontelbare' aanwesig was, aangewakker-'n konsep wat Jewett glo in individuele verantwoordelikheid. ” [9]

In 1868 op 19 -jarige ouderdom publiseer Jewett haar eerste belangrike verhaal "Jenny Garrow's Lovers" in die Atlantic Maandeliks, en haar reputasie het gedurende die 1870's en 1880's gegroei. [10] Jewett gebruik die pennaam "Alice Eliot" of "A. C. Eliot ”vir haar vroeë verhale. [11] Haar literêre belangrikheid spruit voort uit haar noukeurige, indien gedempte, vignette van die plattelandse lewe wat 'n eietydse belangstelling in plaaslike kleur weerspieël eerder as in plot. [12] Jewett beskik oor 'n skerp beskrywende gawe wat William Dean Howells '' 'n ongewone gevoel vir praat 'genoem het - ek hoor u mense'. Jewett het haar reputasie gemaak met die novelle Die land van die spitsvurke (1896). [13] 'N Landdokter (1884), 'n roman wat haar vader en haar vroeë ambisies vir 'n mediese loopbaan weerspieël, en 'N Witreier (1886), 'n bundel kortverhale is een van haar beste werk. [14] Sommige van Jewett se poësie is versamel in Verse (1916), en sy het ook drie kinderboeke geskryf. Willa Cather beskryf Jewett as 'n beduidende invloed op haar ontwikkeling as skrywer, [15] en "feministiese kritici het haar skryfwerk sedertdien beywer vanweë die ryk weergawe van vroue se lewens en stemme." [9] Cather het haar roman uit 1913 opgedra O Pioniers!, gebaseer op herinneringe aan haar kinderjare in Nebraska, aan Jewett. [16] In 1901 het Bowdoin College 'n eredoktorsgraad in letterkunde toegeken aan Jewett, die eerste vrou wat deur Bowdoin 'n eregraad verwerf het. [17] In Jewett se doodsberig in 1909, Die Boston Globe het opgemerk oor die sterkte wat lê in “die detail van haar werk, in fyn aanrakinge, in eenvoud”. [18]

Jewett se werke met verhoudings tussen vroue weerspieël dikwels haar eie lewe en vriendskappe. [19] Briewe en dagboeke van Jewett toon aan dat Jewett as jong vrou noue verhoudings gehad het met verskeie vroue, waaronder Grace Gordon, Kate Birckhead, Georgie Halliburton, Ella Walworth en Ellen Mason. Uit getuienis in haar dagboek blyk dit byvoorbeeld dat Jewett 'n intense liefde vir Kate Birckhead gehad het. [20] Jewett het later 'n hegte vriendskap met die skrywer Annie Adams Fields (1834–1915) en haar man, uitgewer James T. Fields, redakteur van die Atlantic Maandeliks. Na die skielike dood van James Fields in 1881, het Jewett en Annie Fields die res van sy lewe saamgeleef in die destydse 'Boston-huwelik' in Fields se huise in Manchester-by-the-Sea, MA, en op 148 Charles Straat in Boston. Sommige moderne geleerdes glo dat die twee liefhebbers was. [21] Beide vroue "het vriendskap, humor en literêre aanmoediging gevind" in mekaar se geselskap, saam na Europa gereis en "Amerikaanse en Europese letterkundiges" aangebied. [9] In Frankryk het Jewett Thérèse Blanc-Bentzon ontmoet met wie sy lank gesels het en wat 'n paar van haar verhale vertaal het vir publikasie in Frankryk. [22] Jewett se poësie, waarvan die meeste ongepubliseer is, bevat ongeveer dertig liefdesgedigte of fragmente van gedigte wat aan vroue geskryf is, wat die intensiteit van haar gevoelens teenoor hulle illustreer. [23] Jewett het ook in haar roman oor romantiese verbintenisse tussen vroue geskryf Deephaven (1877) en in haar kortverhaal "Martha's Lady" (1897). [24]

Op 3 September 1902 is Jewett beseer in 'n vervoerongeluk wat haar skryfloopbaan amper beëindig het. Sy is in Maart 1909 deur 'n beroerte verlam, en sy sterf in haar huis in South Berwick nadat sy op 24 Junie 1909 weer 'n beroerte gekry het. [25]

Die Sarah Orne Jewett House, die Georgiese tuiste van die Jewett -gesin, gebou in 1774 en kyk uit oor Central Square in South Berwick, is 'n National Historic Landmark en Historic New England museum. [26] Jewett en haar suster Mary het die huis in 1887 geërf. [27]


Bibliografie:

Auchincloss, L., Pioniers en versorgers: 'n studie van nege Amerikaanse vroue -romanskrywers (1965). Baum, R. M., 'N Beskrywende katalogus van die Sarah Orne Jewett -versameling: The Parkman Dexter Howe Library (1983). Bicksler, M. R., "Women in the Fiction of Sarah Orne Jewett" (proefskrif, 1995). Blanchard, P., Sarah Orne Jewett: Haar wêreld en haar werk (1994). Buchanan, C. D., Sarah Orne Jewett: Stories (1994). Buseman, L. J., "The Realism of Sarah Orne Jewett's Characterization of Men" (proefskrif, 1993). Cary, R., red., Waardering van Sarah Orne Jewett (1973). Cary, R., Sarah Orne Jewett (1962). Donovan, J., Sarah Orne Jewett (1980). Dullea, G. J., "Two New England Voices: Sarah Orne Jewett and Mary Wilkins Freeman" (proefskrif, 1996). Evans, M. A., "Deep Havens and Ruined Gardens: Possabilities of Community and Spirituality in Sarah Orne Jewett and Mary Wilkins Freeman" (proefskrif, 1992). Ferris, R. M., "Pure or Perverse? Women's Romantic Friendships and the Life and Fiction of Sarah Orne Jewett" (proefskrif, 1996). Fields, A., red., Briewe van Sarah Orne Jewett (1911). Frost, J. E., Sarah Orne Jewett (1960). Gale, R. L., 'N Metgesel van Sarah Orne Jewett (1999). Hoffman, P. E., "The Search for Self-Vervulling: Marriage in the Short Fiction of Kate Chopin, Mary E. Wilkins Freeman and Sarah Orne Jewett" (proefskrif, 1991). Hulme, C., Sarah Orne Jewett: 'n Groot, en sterk onderskatte, skrywer (proefskrif, 1988). Harkins, E. F., en Johnston, C. H. L. Klein pelgrimstogte onder die vroue wat beroemde boeke geskryf het (1902). Matthiessen, F. O., Sarah Orne Jewett (1929). McCauley-Myers, J. P., "The Silent Influences in the Works of Sarah Orne Jewett" (proefskrif, 1991). McGuire, M. A., "Sarah Orne Jewett" (proefskrif, 1995). Nagel, G. L. en J. Nagel, Sarah Orne Jewett: 'n verwysingsgids (1978). Sargent, R. S., Altyd nege jaar oud: Sarah Orne Jewett se kinderjare (1985). Sherman, S. W., Sarah Orne Jewett, 'n Amerikaanse Persephone (1989). Silverthorne, E., Sarah Orne Jewett: A Writer's Life (1993). Sparks, L. V., Gelyke: Die fiksie van Mary Wilkins Freeman, Sarah Orne Jewett en Kate Chopin (1993). Stoddart, S. F., "Selected Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett: A Critical Edition with Commentory" (proefskrif, 1988). Thorp, M. F., Sarah Orne Jewett (1966). Weber, C. C. en C. J.

Weber, 'N Bibliografie van die gepubliseerde geskrifte van Sarah Orne Jewett (1949). Westbrook, P. D., Acres of Flint, Writers of Rural New England 1870-1900 (1981).

Naslaanwerke:

AA. AW. Amerikaanse kortverhaal: 'n versameling van die bekendste en mees onvergeetlike kortverhale deur die groot Amerikaanse skrywers (1994). DAB. Groot Amerikaanse kortverhale I (1995). Groot vroueskrywers: die lewens en werke van 135 van die belangrikste vroueskrywers ter wêreld, van die oudheid tot die hede (1994). Moderne Amerikaanse vroueskrywers (1993). NAW (1971). NCAB. Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in die Verenigde State (1995). Herontdekkings: Amerikaanse kortverhale deur vroue, 1832-1916 (1994).

Ander verwysings:

Sarah Orne Jewett -konferensie (1986). Sarah Orne Jewett se beste kortverhale (opname, 1994). Verhale van New England, Then & amp Now (opname, 1996).


Sarah Orne Jewett: 'n beroemde Maine -skrywer

Sarah Orne Jewett, gebore in South Berwick, Maine in 1849, is bekend vir haar bydraes tot die Amerikaanse klassieke literatuur.

Sarah Orne Jewett word beskou as een van die belangrikste vroulike skrywers van die Amerikaanse klassieke literatuur. Haar literatuur, gebore in South Berwick Maine, is propvol karakters en tonele wat beïnvloed word deur kinderjare en deur haar skerp waarnemingsvermoëns. David Godine verklaar in sy inleiding tot The Country of the Pointed Firs dat sy haar karakters nie so baie uitgevind het as om dit uit te luister na gesprekke en indrukke wat lank onthou is nie. ” Sarah Orne Jewett sou 'n groot deel van haar lewe deurbring in Boston onder die letterkundiges van die dag, maar haar literatuurwerke weerspieël haar diepe gehegtheid aan haar huis in South Berwick en aan haar waardering vir landsmense en gevoelens.

Sarah Orne Jewett se vroeë jare

Theodora Sarah Orne Jewett is op 3 September 1849 in South Berwick, Maine, gebore. Haar pa, dr. Theodore Jewett, was uit 'n ou seevarende gesin en haar ma, Caroline Perry Jewett, was uit 'n New Hampshire -familie met 'n ryk band met die politiek van New Hampshire. Saam met haar susters Mary Rice (gebore 1847) en Caroline Augusta (gebore 1855) het Sarah 'n gemaklike kinderjare geniet, omring deur 'n groot uitgebreide familie. Haar oupa, kaptein Jewett, het langsaan gewoon, en daar is dae heen en weer tussen die twee huise deurgebring.

Sarah was nie 'n gesonde kind nie en het aan rumatoïede artritis gely. Sy was dikwels afwesig van die skool en sou lang, eensame wandelinge deur die bos neem. Sy was lief vir eensaamheid, en die vrede en stilte van die natuur het haar versag en sou later haar skryfwerk beïnvloed. Sy het baie na gekom met haar pa wat Sarah gebel het, en die beste en wysste man wat ek ooit geken het. Hy het haar gereeld saamgeneem tydens sy besoeke aan pasiënte, en sy het kennis gekry van kruiemiddels, folklore en die lot van armes en bejaardes. Die verhale wat sy gehoor het en die mense wat sy ontmoet het, sou eendag hul weg vind in die vignette van die plattelandse lewe waarvoor sy bekend sou word.

South Berwick en verder

Sarah Orne Jewett studeer aan die Berwick Academy in 1865. Dit was in hierdie tyd dat sy haar horisonne begin uitbrei en sy reis na plekke soos Boston, Newport, RI en Cincinnati. Sy was 'n ywerige leser en het 'n uittreksel uit die boeke gehou wat sy gelees het. Elizabeth Barrett Browning, John Greenleaf Whittier, Julia Ward Howe en Harriet Beacher Stowe was 'n paar van haar vroeë invloede, en sommige van hulle sou later haar beste vriende word. Dit was in hierdie tyd dat sy skryfwerk as haar roeping gekies het en selibaat as haar lewenstylkeuse. Ongetroude vroue het nog altyd 'n belangrike rol gespeel in die opvoeding van Sarah, en by algemene vroue wat vir hulself 'n nuttige lewe gemaak het, is gerespekteer. Sarah ’ se suster Mary het ook 'n draaiboek gebly, en spinsterhood was 'n aanvaarde situasie.

Sy begin kortverhale skryf en in 1869 laat sy haar eerste verhaal in die Atlantic Monthly publiseer. Haar langdurige vriendskap met redakteur William Dean Howells het in hierdie tyd begin en sal baie jare duur.

Sarah het in 1871 by die Episkopaalse kerk aangesluit en deur Harvard -professor Theophilus Parsons het sy begin om die leerstellings van Emanuel Swedenborg te bestudeer. Swedenborg se idees oor liefdevolle interafhanklikheid en die geloof in die transmigrasie van bewussyn sou temas word in haar werk.

Van Deephaven na die Country of Pointed Firs

Haar omgangskring het begin groei en sy reis nog verder na plekke soos Philadelphia, Wisconsin en Chicago. In 1877 stel William Dean Howells voor dat sy verskeie van haar individuele sketse versamel en in een bundel publiseer. Die resultaat was Deephaven en dit was haar eerste werk wat die volwasse Jewett beklemtoon het.

In 1880 het Sarah 'n lewenslange vriendskap met Annie Fields, die vrou van James T. Fields, begin. Dit sou een van die bekendste Boston-huwelike word en Sarah het 'n deel van elke lente by Annie's huis in Boston en 'n deel van elke somer in Manchester-by-the-Sea deurgebring. Sy het ook 'n aansienlike tyd in South Berwick deurgebring om te sorg vir haar ma wat in 1891 gesterf het. In 1882 is Sarah en Annie na Europa en in 1884 word A Country Doctor gepubliseer. Sarah het steeds aan artritis ly en is in 1888 na Henry Flagler se nuwe hotel in St. Augustine, Florida, vir behandeling.

Na 'n tweede reis na Europa en 'n vaart deur die Karibiese eilande met Annie Fields, is The Country of Pointed Firs gepubliseer in 1896. Dit was Sarah Orne Jewett op haar beste en Willa Cather het oor die boek gesê, “It is so styf, maar tog so lig gebou, so min beswaard aan die swaar materialisme wat agteruitgaan en outyds word. Dit sal 'n boodskap aan die toekoms wees, 'n boodskap in 'n universele taal. ”


Sarah Orne Jewett - Geskiedenis

Keuses uit die Geskiedenis en genealogie van die Jewetts of America
volg die direkte lyn van Sarah Orne Jewett
en die verskaffing van historiese staaltjies van haar familie

GESKIEDENIS EN GENEALOGIE
VAN DIE
JUWETTE VAN AMERIKA

'N REKORD VAN EDWARD JEWETT, VAN BRADFORD,
WESRY VAN YORKSHIRE, Engeland,
EN VAN SY TWEE EMIGRANT SEUNS,
DEACON MAXIMILIAN EN JOSEPH JEWETT,
SETTLERS OF ROWLEY, MASSACHUSETTS,
IN 1639

OOK
ABRAHAM EN JOHN JEWETT,
VROEGE SETTLERS VAN ROWLEY
EN VAN DIE JUWETTE WHO
HET IN DIE VERENIGDE STATE gevestig
Sedert die jaar 1800

BY
FREDERIC CLARKE JEWETT, M. D.
BALTIMORE, MD.
Lid van die Maryland Historical Society

VOL. Ek

DIE JEWETT -GESIN
VAN AMERIKA
ROWLEY (INGELYF) MASSACHUSETTS

[New York, The Grafton pers, 1908]

INLEIDING

In 1855 is die volgende omsendbrief aan die bekende lede van die Jewett -familie gestuur:

Om die historiese geslagsregister van die ou Jewett-familie, wat uit Engeland emigreer het, te vervolmaak en te laat voortbestaan, vestig hulle hom in Rowley, Essex County, Mass., 1688-1689, en het deur die seën van God vermeerder totdat sy lede getel is die burgers van elke staat, en word suksesvol aangetref in alle beroepe, en is elke industriële strewe: Ons, die ondergetekende, maak kennis van 'n vergadering van diegene wat die naam dra, en van almal wat afstammelinge van die familie is, gehou te Rowley, op die 14de verblyf van Junie, 1855 nC.

Die doel van die vergadering is om 'n geleentheid te bied vir onderlinge konferensies en vreugdevolle groete, om die bande van gemeenskaplike broederskap te hernu en te versterk, en veral om maatreëls te tref vir die verkryging van historiese feite wat die genealogie van die Jewett sal vervolmaak Familie en bestendig die feite deur dit in 'n goed gedrukte en netjies ingebinde bundel te publiseer. Die bywoning van al die afstammelinge van die Jewett -familie word derhalwe met respek aangevra en almal wat hierdie omsendbrief ontvang, word versoek om die kennisgewing en die uitnodiging aan hierdie lede en familielede van die familie uit te brei. Hulle word ook versoek om op 'n vroeë datum aan Dea te stuur. Joshua Jewett, van Rowley, enige interaktiewe genealogiese of historiese feite met betrekking tot die voorgestelde voorwerpe, en daar word met vertroue gehoop dat niemand wat oor sulke inligting beskik, dit nie sal verstrek vir die gebruik en doeleindes van die vergadering nie.

Prof. CC Jewett, Washington, DC Prof. GB Jewett, Amherst, Mass. SW Jewett, Middlebury, Vt. Elam R. Jewett, Buffalo, NY Eerwaarde CC Taylor, Kalamazoo, Mich. Eerwaarde C. Hutchins, New Albany, Ind. Eerwaarde Augustus Jewett Terre Haute, In. Dr Luther Jewett, Lafayette, Ind. PH Jewett, Esq., Lexington, Ind. JT Jewett Chicago, Ill. Nathaniel Grover, Chicago, Ill. Dr. John R. Jewett, Lyons, Mich Dr. Luther Jewett, St. Johnsbury , Eerwaarde SG Tenney, Alstead, NH prof. P.?. Jewett. New Haven, Conn. Eerwaarde BD Jewett, Colchester, Conn. Dr Joseph F. Jewett, Grandby, Conn. Eerwaarde Richard T. Searle, New Marlboro, Mass. Levi Jewett, New Marlboro, Mass. Eerwaarde Jeremiah Searle, Woodbourne, NY John P. Jewett, Boston, Mass. Henry J. Jewett, Esq., Leona, Texas Jedediah Jewett, Portland, Maine Miss Sarah Jewett, Portland, Maine Luther Jewett, Portland, Maine George Jewett, Portland, Maine Ds. William R. Jewett, Plymouth, NH Dr. Jeremiah P. Jewett, Lowell, Mass. William Jewett, Scarboro, Maine Jeremiah J. Tenney, Lawrence, Mass. Dr. Charles Jewett Eleazer Jewett, St. Albans, Vt, Nathaniel C. Taylor, Rowley, Mass, David H. Hale, Rowley, Mass. Moses T. Whittier, Rowley, Mass. Charles Jewett, Niles, Mich.

OPDRAG VAN OEFENINGE BY DIE JEWETTVERGADERING

GESIN TE ROWLEY 14 JUNIE 1855

'N Optog sal om tienuur op die Gewone gevorm word, en vertrek

deur Bond's Cornet Band, van Boston, besoek die belangrikste besienswaardighede,

die woning van die agbare Dr. Joshua Jewett, en die Old Jewett Home-

plaas, waar John onder die statige elms 'n kort toespraak sal lewer

P. Jewett, van Boston, en 'n oorspronklike gedig, getiteld "The Old-Homestead"

saamgestel deur William Jewett Pabodie, van Providence, sal gesing word, aan die

musiek van "Bonny Doon", waarna die optog meer na die byeenkoms sal gaan

ingebou, waar die dienste soos volg sal wees:


1. VRYWILLIG, deur die Band. Overture vir "The: King of Baby1on."
2. OORSPRONKLIKE LIEFDE, gelees deur dr. Joshua Jewett, gevoer in die ou styl, en gesing deur die hele Jewett -familie.
3. GEBED, deur ds John Pike, van Rowley.
4. ANTHEM, deur die Koor.
5. REDENING, deur professor C. C. Jewett, van Washington, D.C.
6. KOOR, deur die Koor.
7. BENEDIKSIE, deur eerwaarde Spofford D. Jewett, van Colchester, Conn.


1. Die lys van beamptes wen, en die president van die dag word deur die hoofmarskalk aan die gehoor voorgestel.
2. KORT OPMERKINGS, deur die president, dr. Joshua Jewett van Rowley.
3. OPROEP, deur ds William R. Jewett, van Plymouth, N. H.
4. AANDETE, voorberei deur J. B. Smith, van Boston, die vooraanstaande spysenier.
5. KORT GENEALOGIESE ADRES, deur die President.
6. SING VAN 'N OORSPRONKLIKE LIED, "Ons gesinsbelofte." Skakel, "Auld Lang Syne."
7. TOASTS, WISSELVERANDERING VAN SENTIMENTE en GESINSGELUK, afgewissel met musiek deur die Band.

Dr Joshua Jewett, van Rowley.

Elam R. Jewett, van Buffalo, N. Y.

Luther Jewett, van Portland, Me.

Ds Geo. B. Jewett, van Nashua, N. H.

Dr Luther Jewett, van St. Johnsbury, Vt.

Prof. P. A. Jewett, van New Haven, Conn.

Dr. Joseph F. Jewett, van Granby, Conn.

Dr Jeremiah P. Jewett, van Lowell.

S. W. Jewett, van Vermont. Jedediah Jewett, van Portland. Henry J. Prentiss, van Boston.

Genl Henry K. Oliver, van Lawrence. _

Daniel H. Hale. John Richards. John Harris.

Moses T. Whittier. B. H. Smith, van. Rowley.

Charles Jewett, van Michigan.

DIE OU HUISTEAD, dr William JEWETT PABODIE
TUNE, "Bonny Doon"

As pelgrims na sommige, heilige heiligdom,
As swerwers na hul vader se huis,
Hieraan, die bakermat van ons ras,
Met bly maar tog eerbiedige harte kom ons.

Tweehonderd jaar het amper verby gegaan,
Sedert hierdie ou dakboom eers gestyg het,
'N skuiling, in die wildernis,
Van huilende winde en woeste vyande.

'Hier het ons vaders gelewe en gesterf -
Vanuit hierdie haard, in liefde,
Môre het die stem van gebed opgekom,
Saans, volksliedere vir die varkvet.

Onder hierdie elms is hulle arbeid verrig,
Hulle kom gereeld bymekaar, 'n vrolike menigte,
En terwyl die skemerure weg is,
Terwyl hulle die paddas loer, was hulle aandliedjie.

En dikwels, binne -in, die brom van die wiel
Het 'n aangename geluid gemaak in die somerdag,
Deur die reisiger gehoor terwyl hy swoeg,
Langs die dowwe en stowwerige weë.

Steeds in die hoek tik die horlosie,
Dit was die ure van vreugde of wee,
Vir diegene wie se harte tot as gedraai het
Meer as honderd jaar gelede.

En nog steeds word die ou leunstoel gesien,
Waar sit die vader, aan die einde van die dag,
En met ontsag die heilige bladsy omgedraai,
Hul gids deur die onseker manier van die lewe.

Want hulle was 'n goddelike ras -
Moet dit ook nie roemloos roem om te sê:
'N Diaken het altyd by die lyn gestaan,
Van 'Zekiel af tot by Joshua.

Onder die sooi sluimer hulle nou,
Maar tog oorleef een edele vorm,
Om ons almal hul vlekkelose waarde te wys,
Die daaglikse skoonheid van hul lewens.

Ag, mag hulle deugde nog steeds daal,
Terwyl die tyd se ongewenste vleuel uitbrei,
Dat almal uiteindelik weer kan ontmoet,
Ontmoet in ''n huis wat nie met hande gemaak is nie'.

ONS GESINSBELOF, DEUR JEDEDIAH JEWETT, of PORTLAND, ME.
TUNE, "Auld Lang Syne"

Ons is hier bymekaar, 'n gesinsgroep,
Aan die oewer van Old Rowley,
Al was dit wyd versprei oor die hele land,
Is nou nie meer geskei nie.

Dan is hier 'n hand, 'n Jewett se hand
Wat elkeen die ander sal belowe,
Die oog vir God en Waarheid sal ons staan,
En moenie 'n broer vergeet nie.

Van dennebeklede Oos en vrugbare Weste,
Ons sal vandag hier bymekaarkom
Mag hierdie hereniging nou geseënd wees,
En onthou ja.

Hier is 'n hand, ens.

Ons Vader se eerste met pelgrimorkeste,
Alles gelos waarvoor mans leef,
Dit aan hul seuns, in ander lande,
Redelike vryheid kan hulle gee.

Dan is daar 'n hand, ens.

Op hulle skild blaas hulle diep,
Die Lelie, embleembeurs
En vir ons kuif, vra hulle ons om te bly,
Die Arend, lugvoël.

Hier is 'n hand, ens.

Laat ons die naam behoue ​​bly,
As lelie se helder reeks,
En ons doel is altyd opwaarts,
Met die gewaagde voël van die dag.

Hier is 'n hand, ens.

Daar word verwag dat dr. Charles Jewett, van Michigan, die oorspronklike gesang sou lewer, maar nadat hy nie syne ontvang het nie, is die onderstaande dus vervang:

OORSPRONKLIKE HYMN, deur H. J. Prentiss
Skakel, "Amerika"

Tot hierdie mooi land,
Onder leiding van die Almagtige se hand
Ons vaders het gekom
Vertrou, o God, in U,
Hulle het 'n stormagtige see oorgesteek,
Vasbeslote om vry te wees, -
In u groot naam.

Hulle wingerdstok wat hulle hier geplant het,
In hoop en goddelike vrees,
En vind rus
Met niemand om bang te wees nie,
Hulle soek sy aangename skaduwee,
Hulle vurige gebede is gesê,
En hemelwaarts het opgestaan.

Die vurige kolom se glans
U konstante sorg getoon,
Deur die nag en storm
Bedags die vriendelike wolk
Hulle pad vorentoe het gewys,
Met lig gloei hul voetstappe
Onder jou arm.

Aan God ons dank,
Wie het hulle veilig deurgebring
Die wilde water:
Laat ons lof dan opstaan
Aan Hom wat die lug regeer,
Wie hoor die swak krete
Van elke kind.

Ag, mag hulle kinders wees
'N Waardige nageslag
Van edele vaders
Wees die waarheid en die regte ding,
En, in God se heilige naam,
Hou hulle altaar se vlam skoon,
Soos vestale brande.

Sedert die vergadering in Rowley het verskeie lede van die gesin probeer om 'n geskiedenis saam te stel en sodoende die waardevolle rekords wat vinnig verdwyn, te bewaar. Onder diegene wat noemenswaardige pogings daartoe aangewend het, was dr. Joseph F. Jewett, van Granby, Conn., Wat gesterf het voordat hy die werk kon voltooi, dr. Frederic A. Jewett van Brooklyn, NY, en Thomas A. Jewett, ESQ ., van Gardiner, Maine, wat weens druk van sake verplig was om die onderwerp te laat vaar.

Ongeveer veertien jaar gelede het die skrywer die taak aangepak, en hoewel die resultaat miskien nie alles is wat u kan begeer nie, voel hy onder die omstandighede dat hy al die beskikbare data versamel het.

Die familie van Jewett is sonder twyfel van Normandiese oorsprong, maar toe hulle hulle in Engeland vestig, word die oorsprong van die naam omring deur 'n groot geheimsinnigheid. Die eerste lettergreep van die naam, soos nou gespel, dui op die vraag of dit afkomstig is van Jood, wat 'n familienaam is. Die term "et" of "ett" kan moontlik analoog verklaar word deur te verwys na 'n naam soos Hewett, veronderstel om afgelei te word van Hugh, Hew, ens. Die naam Jood of Jode impliseer nie dat die stigter van die familie 'n Hebreeus, maar, soos Newton vermoed, omdat hy Jode in Sirië doodgemaak het toe sulke dade verdienstelik was. Hy en Guillian veronderstel dat die naam Ives oorspronklik Jeus was, wat Jues geword het, en dan deur die algemene verandering van "I" vir "J" en "U" vir "V", Ives. Die wapen van hierdie familie het eens drie Jode se koppe gedra. Die arms van die Joodse familie en die afgeleides daarvan verskil egter heeltemal van dié van ons familie en van die gesinne waarvan die naam duidelik 'n soortgelyke oorsprong het as ons eie. In al die name blyk dit dat die "T" een van die radikale letters is, en die eenvormige teenwoordigheid van die letter "T" lyk dodelik vir hierdie veronderstelde oorsprong.
Bardsley in "Engelse vanne" kom tot die gevolgtrekking dat "die naam Jewett afkomstig is van die verkleinwoord van Juliet", en noem 'n aantal inskrywings uit die rolle van die dertiende en veertiende eeu om sy teorie vas te stel.

Die "Armorial General Pr c d des terms du blason." Par J. B. Riestap, "Deuxi me Edition, etc.", gee 'n Franse familie, naamlik Ivatte de Boishamon-Bretagne, wat hulle ongeveer 1417 in Engeland gevestig het. Die wapen van hierdie familie was D'azur au chevron a'arg., Acc., Re trois quinte feuilles du m me. Die naam van hierdie gesin is verander na Juatte, Jeuett, Jowitt, ens. Die wapens van die families van Jeuett en Jowitt verskil egter heelwat van ons s'n, maar dit blyk baie later te wees.

Die wapen van die Jewetts van London Gales was: Op 'n kruis-argent, vyf fleur-de-lis van die eerste. Hy dra argent, op 'n kruis van swartwitpens, vyf fleur-de-lis van die eerste met die naam Le Neve. Dit was die hofwapenrusting in die tyd van Henry IV. met betrekking tot Robert Le Neve, van Tiverskill, in die land Norfolk.

The arms of Ivat confirmed to Thomas Ivat, of London, June 27, 1628, are similar to ours, viz., Ivatt or Ivat, Argent, on a cross gules, five fleur-de-lis of the field (another, the tinctures reversed). Crest -- Out of a mural coronet, an armed cubit arm holding in the gauntlet all pps. a fleur-de-lis or.

The name of Jueta or Iveta occurs in the Liber Winton. This book contains the survey of the City of Winchester taken by order of King Henry I. between the years 1107 and 1128. From that time we find what is supposed to be the name in a great variety of forms. The older forms seem to have been Juatt, Juet, Juett, Ivet, Ivett, Jvat, Ivat, Juit, Juite,. (there was a Sir Henry Juite, Baronet, living in Ireland in 1850), Juitt. The Latin forms are Juet, Jouitt, Jeuit, Jewitt, and Jewett.

In a aeries of articles entitled "American Armorial Families," arranged by Mortimer Delano, Pursuivant of Arms, and published in 1896. he states: "In the following roll will be found those American families that have a well established right to court armor, by inheritance, grant, or otherwise." In this list it given:

Jewett -- Massachusetts. Menere.

"Descent: Maximilian & Joseph Jewett from Bradford 1638 to Rowley, sons of Edward Jewett, of Bradford, Yorkshire, m. 1606, d. 1615 descent from Henri de Juatt 1096-9.

"Armorial Bearings -- House of Juatt, England .
"Arms: Argent, on a cross gules, five fleur-de-lis argent.
"Crest: An armed arm proper holding a fleur-de-lis or. All upon the wreathed helmet.
"Mantling: Argent and gules."

The above Henri de Juatt was a Knight of the First Crusade, 1096-1099. Our name frequently occurs on the records of the 13th and 14th centuries and with greater frequency in the later records. July 5, 1486, King Henry VII., of England, granted to Henry Jewet certain offices for life, viz., "Forrester of Windsor Forest and Parker of Sunnyng-Hill Park within Windsor Forest," but no reason is given in the grant for these honors.

Following down to a little later date we find in Vol. XVIII. of the " Harlien Society (English) Reports": "The arms of Jewett, of Chester, England -- Argent, on a cross Gules, five fleur-de-lis of the first, in dexter chief a crescent of the second." "William Jewett, of the Cittie of Chester, alderman and Justice of Peace, and was maior thearof Anno D'ni 1578, a seconnde sonne to Thomas Iwett, of Heyton, in Bradforde Dale in the Countye of York w ch Thomas mariede Elizabeth doughter to * * * Shakellton of Myddopp in Heptonstall within the vicaredge of Holly-fax Com. Ebor' And mother to the saide William whitch William Iwett mariede Margery doughter to Robert Ballyn late of the Cittle of Chester w ch Robert Bellyn married Cicelye doughter to John Poole seconnde sonne to Sr John Poole in Warral County of Chester knight.

"And hee the said Wm. Iwett saythe that there [their] badge is a nightingale. But how or in what sort hee cannot Instructe mee and therefore have I omytted the setting downe of yt till I may doe it p'fectlye.

Edward Jewett, father of the Jewetts who first came to America, was born is 1580 and lived in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England. The arms borne by him and which were brought to this country by Deacon Maximilian and Joseph Jewett, and which they were so careful to preserve on the records here is thus described on old records in both France and England: "He beareth, Gules, on a Cross argent, Five fleur-di-lis of the first, Crest, an eagle's Neck between two Wings displayed argent, by the name Jewett."

This is the coat-of-arms recognized by the Viscount de Fronsac, chancellor of the Aryan Order of St. George in 1891, in an article written by him and with which he gives a fine illustration and states, "these are the arms of the Jewetts of Maine and Texas."

As stated above, our crest is, "an eagle's Neck between two Wings." The motto is "Toujours le m me."

Much information may sometimes be afforded in genealogical research by the coat-of-arms. It will be seen on comparing the arms of the Jewetts of Chester, arms of Iyat, arms of Jewetts of London Gales, and of the "House of Juatt," that they are very similar to our own, and that all evidence points to the view that the Jewetts descend from the "House of Juatt, of England," and is the opinion of the Author, from Henri de Juatt, the knight of the First Crusade. It is true there is a difference in the crest, but this is not a part of a coat-of-arms. The crest is an adjunct to the coat-of-arms, but is often carelessly spoken of as forming part of it. It is often a play upon one's name, or is suggested by the name. Thus the crest of the Harts may be the animal of that name or a heart.

Edward Jewett, father of Deacon Maximilian and Joseph Jewett, lived in Bradford, England, where he was a clothier. By clothier it is not to be understood that he sold clothes, but was a maker or manufacturer of cloths. In those days, in England, the designation clothier was used only in the sense of the merchant manufacturer of woolen cloth who had in his employ a larger or smaller number of families engaged in the various manual employments connected therewith.

Edward Jewett lived long before the days of factories. In his time the making of cloth was carried on in Yorkshire in private houses, the several parts of the process being conducted by different members of the family according to their age and sex. The clothiers of Yorkshire were considered among the most industrious and frugal people of the kingdom. They were of necessity capitalists. They employed weavers, fullers, etc., and furnished them with material. In part they were accounted among the millionaires of England. Edward Jewett seems to have been a man of property, and to have left goodly portions to his children. The twenty families that accompanied Mr. Rogers to New England are described by Winthrop, "most of them of good estate." From the fact that the families of clothiers were trained from early life to knowledge of the different parts of the operation of making cloths, we any infer that the two sons of Edward Jewett who settled here were also clothiers. This is confirmed by the well-known fact as stated by Johnson in his " Wonder Working Providence," "that the settlers of Rowley were the first people that set upon making cloth in this Western World." He adds that many of them had been clothiers in England.

Maximilian and Joseph Jewett did not come to this country as adventurers. They were men of respectability, "of good estate," and could probably have no hopes of improving their worldly condition by emigration. They were lovers of liberty, and men of distinct and well-marked religious views. They were non-conformists. They had too sturdy an independence, as well as too strong a sense of duty, to abandon what they held a truth even in the midst of the bitterest persecution. For this reason they left their homes and sought in the wilds of America a resting place from oppression, a spot where they and their children might enjoy freedom to worship God. They were men of thought and character.

The period at which they emigrated to America was one of the darkest for the Puritans. Many ministers had been silenced or suspended. Fines and the pillory, mutilation and torture, were remorselessly resorted to by the friends of Archbishop Laud to compel conformity to the ceremonies of the Established Church. The ministers of Charles the First were full of hope that they should exterminate the pestilent heresy from the land.

Hunted down by tyranny, refused even the liberty of flight, the Puritans were almost in despair. All who could leave, fled, most of them to America. The same year in which our fathers emigrated, eight ships preparing to sail for this country were by order of the Privy Council detained in the Thames.

The persecution under Archbishop Laud seems to have fallen with peculiar weight upon the clothiers. This may have been owing to the fact that many of the clothiers were descendants of Dutch and French Protestants. Mr. Pryer in enumerating the petition for redress of grievances to Parlement in 1640-41 instances under the head of trade, "Divers Clothiers having been forced away who had set up their manufacture abroad to the great hurt of the kingdom." Smith, in the history of wool, cites the rigor of Archbishop Laud's execution of the acts of conformity as the cause which drove many clothiers out of the kingdom.

In the year 1838 there came from England to the new world, in all, twenty ships and at least three thousand persons. Among them were our ancestors, who sailed from Hull in the ship John of London, with about twenty other Puritans and their families (some sixty persons in all), under the leadership of Ezekiel Rogers, and landed in Boston about the first of December, 1638.

The Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, a learned and eloquent minister of Rowley, England, having been suspended for non-conformity, collected from his hearers and his other Yorkshire friends this little company, and with them came to America. It is stated that so great was the respect for Mr. Rogers that though he was suspended from the active duties of his office he was allowed to enjoy the profits of his living for two years afterwards, and permitted to name a substitute who was afterwards himself suspended for refusal to read the sentence against his predecessor. These two years we may suppose were employed by Mr. Rogers in gathering his future band of emigrants. His project seems to have excited considerable attention among the nobility and gentry. He states that he felt himself under obligations, for the sake of many persons of high rank, to make choice of a good location here.

Some of his company were doubtless his former parishioners, but the Jewetts lived is Bradford, one hundred miles from Rowley. Mr. Rogers may have gone to Bradford for the purpose of obtaining accessions to his company, or our ancestors may have heard of the intentions of the great minister, and sought him out.

Upon their arrival in Boston their first act illustrates their dignity and courtesy as well as their piety. John Williams states, in his "History of New England," that "Ezekiel Rogers son of Richard Rogers, of Weathersfield, in Essex, a worthy son of so worthy a father, lying at Boston with some who came out of Yorkshire with him, where he had been a painful preacher many years, being desirous to partake in the Lord's Supper with the church of Boston, did first impart his desire to the elders, and having given them satisfaction, they acquainted the church with it and before the sacrament, being called forth by the elders, he spoke to this effect, viz., that he and his company (viz., divers families who came over with him) had of a good time, withdrawn themselves from the church communion of England, and that for many corruptions which were among them. But first he desired, that he might not be mistaken, as if he did condemn all there for he did acknowledge a special presence of God there in three things: 1st in the soundness of doctrine in all fundamental truths 2nd in the excellency of ministerial gifts 3rd in the blessing upon the same, for the work of conversion and for the power of religion, in all which there appeared more, &c., in England than in all the known worlds besides. Yet there are such corruptions, as, since God let them see some light therein, they could not, with safe conscience, join any longer with them. The first, is their national church second, their hierarchy, wholly anti-christian third, their dead service fourth, their receiving (nay compelling) all to partake of the seals fifth, their abuse of excommunication, wherein they enwrap many a godly minister, y causing him to pronounce their sentences &c., they not knowing that the fear of the excommunication lies in that. Hereupon they bewailed before the Lord their sinful partaking so long in those corruptions, and entered a covenant together, to walk together in all the ordinances &c."

Winthrop also states: "A plantation was begun between Ipswich and Newbury. The occasion was this: Mr. Eaton and Mr. Davenport having determined to sit down at Quinipiack, there came over one Mr. Ezekiel Rogers, of Weathersfield in England, and with him some twenty godly men, and most of then of good estate. They laboured by all means to draw him with them to Quinipiack. He consulted with the elders of the bay, by their advice, he and his people took that place by Ipswich"

Thus was the town of Rowley, Massachusetts, founded and settled by Mr. Rogers and his hardy band of Puritans, of which Maximilian and Joseph Jewett were prominent members. In 1639, "Being settled in Rowley, they renewed their church covenant, and their call to Mr. Rogers to the office of pastor, according to the course of other churches."

The town was incorporated "1639: 4 day of the 7th month, ordered that Mr. Ezekiel Rogers' Plantation shall be called Rowley." The place was named in honor of Mr. Rogers, he having been the minister in Rowley, England, a number of years.

The history of our family, quiet and unpretending as it has always been, is associated with the most stirring and impressive events of modern times. Our ancestors were actors in the most important scenes of the moving panorama of human progress. To the English Puritans--their enemies themselves being the judges -- are to be attributed the strongest steps in the march of freedom. The great principles of civil and religious liberty were first fully developed and established by their efforts and sacrifices. The colonization of this country by such men first gave an assured resting place for these principles upon earth, and when viewed in all its bearings and consequences can be said to have done more for the progress of our race in the paths of true civilization than any and all other assignable human causes.

All of the Jewetts of this country spring from the common ancestor with the exception of four families who have come from England since 1800, and these are undoubtedly of the same family. This work includes these families.

1 EDWARD JEWETT, was born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, about 1580. He married there Oct. 1, 1604 Mary Taylor, daughter of William Taylor. This marriage is recorded in the Bradford Parish Register. He lived in Bradford, England, where he was a cloth manufacturer and where be died. His will, dated Feb. 2, 1614, |was proved by his widow July 12, 1615. This will is on file in the archbishopric of York. The following is a true copy.

"In the name of God Amen, the second day of February in the year of our Lord God 1614 in the XIIth year of the reign sovereign Lord James by the grace of God, King of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith etc., and of Scotland the eight and forty whereas nothing is more certain than death and nothing more uncertain than the house of death. Therefore, I Edward Jewett of Bradford, within the dicos of York, Clothier, though sick and deseased in body yett sounde in minde and memorye I praise God therefore doo in this uncertainty of life knowninge that even in health we are subject to death make, publish and declare this my last will and testant in the names and form following (that is to say)

"First and principally I give up and comend my soule in the hands of Almighty God my creator and redeemer hoping and assurredly trusting to have full and free pardon and remission of all my sinnes by the precious death and burial of Christ Jesus my alone Saviour and for jestification by his righteousness and my body I yeald to earth to be decently buried at the decreation of my friends. Item, I give and bequeth two full parts of all my goods Cattles Chattles & Credits (in three parts to be divided) unto William Jewett, Maximilian Jewett, Joseph Jewett and Sara Jewet my children equally to be divided amongst them after my debts be paid and funeral expenses discharged. The third part and residue of all my said Cattles, Chattles & Credit I give and bequeth unto Mary my wife whom I make the sole executris of this my last will and testament. And I do entreat William Taylor
my father in law, Henry Taylor my brother in law, Samuel Taylor and Thurstum Ledgerd the supervisors of this my last will and test't. Item, my will and mind is that my children shall have their porcous paide unto them at such times as they shall sevarly accomplishe their ages of XX years or otherwise lawfully demand the same. Lastly I do commit of all my said children with theire severall porcous during theire several minorities unto the said
Mary my wife.

" Witnesses hereof William Smith, Jonas Watson & Lewis Watson."

Children, born in Bradford, England:

2 William, bapt. Sept 15, 1605.

3 Maximilian, bapt. Oct 4, 1607, married (1st) Ann -----------: (2d) Elinor Boyton.

4 Joseph, bapt. Dec. 31, 1609, married (1st) Mary Mallinson: married (2d) Ann Allen.

3 DEACON MAXIMILIAN JEWETT (Edward 1 ), was born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England baptized there Oct. 4th, 1607. He and his wife Ann, and his brother Joseph sailed from Hull, England in 1638 in the ship John, with a colony under the leadership of Rev. Ezekial Rogers. They arrived at Boston about the first of December, 1638, spent the winter in Salem, and in the spring of 1639 founded the town of Rowley, Mass.

He was admitted freeman May 13, 1640. "Was chosen Deacon of the church, Dec. 13, 1639, in which place he served forty-five years and for two hundred and twenty years a descendant of him or his younger brother, a fellow passenger has been in that office or minister, the whole time except eight years." (Savage "Genealogical Dictionary.")

The following is from the records of the town of Rowley showing land granted to Maximilian Jewett at different times, viz.:

"Bradford streete -- To Maximilian Jewett one Lott Containinge two Acres and bounded on the South side by Joseph Jewets house Lott: part of it lyinge on the west side, part of it on the East side of the streete."

(This is the two-acre lot on which he built his home.)

"Bradford streete field -- To Maximilian Jewet foure Acres and a halfe of upland lying upon the North side of Joseph Jewets planting lott the East end butting upon his owne lott."

"Imp. Batchelours meadow -- To Maximilian Jewet one Acre and a quarter, lying on the North side of Joseph Jewets Measow: butting as aforesaid."

"1st. division of salt Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres of salt Marsh, lying upon the East side of Joseph Jewets Marsh: butting as aforesaid."

"To Maximilian Jewet the Deacon there was laide out thirtie and one Acres of land, be it more or less bounded by James Dickensons on the west: by Jonathan Remmington east, by the Ministers land north, by George Killborn south being fortie rods and ahalf wide at the north end and twintie five wide at the south end."

"Upland laid out at the field called Bradford streete plains -- To Maximilian Jewet six Acres lying on the West side of Leonard Harrimans upland the North end abutting ptly on John Boitons lott and ptly on a swamp, the South end on a Swamp."

"2nd. division of fresh March -- To Maximilian Jewet one Acre, sixty rod wherof, lyse on the West side of Joseph Jewets Meadow: the North end butting on a Creeke, the South end on some Rough Meadow unlaid out: the other hundred rods ioynes on the aforesaid Creeke, about fourty rod distance from his aforesaid sixty."

"To Maximilian Jewet for seven gates a percell of marsh bounded by the River on the southerly side the northwest end butting against the division line that parts this division being in length about 32 Rods the south east end buting against another streight divideing line that parts them and the next division only this extends with a corner by reason of a creeke, longer next to the river and soe toward the easterly side takes the line on the east of the creeke."

To Maximilian Jewet a piece of marsh on the south of James dickinsons and his mother Whiples marsh the north west and south parts of it bounded by a creeke the north east by a pond."

"To Maximilian Jewet -------- Acres of Salt marsh pt of it in Consideration of an high way laid out through his lott to hogg Iland, bounded on the West side by Joseph Jewets marsh the North & North east sides of it Thomas Dickinsons Marsh and the South end by a great creeke."

"To Maximilian Jewet an Acre an halfe of salt Marsh lying at the Southeast end of his third Division of Salt Marsh in Consideration of his division of fresh meadows laide in Pollepod Meadow and of a way that lyes through his Meadow to hogge Iland."

"2d. division salt Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres, lying on the North side of Joseph Jewets Marsh: butting as aforesaid."

"2nd. division upland -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres part whereof ioynes to his owne salt Marsh, the rest of it lyeth on the West side of the aforesaid high way on the North side of Joseph Jewets upland: butting as above."

"3d. division Salt Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres, one whereof ioyning to east side of Humphrey Reyners salt Marsh: the North end Butting upon the upland. The other Acre, lying on the North side of Joseph Jewets third division of salt Marsh, the west end butting on his owne second division of salt Marsh."

"Upland laid out in the ffield Called Batchelours Plain -- To Maximilian Jewet seaven Acres lying on the East side of Joseph Jewets land abutting as aforesaid." .

"3d. division ffresh Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet -- one Acre, lying on the East side of Joseph Jewets Meadow: the North end butting on the up-land the south end on a Creeke."

"To Maximilian Jewctt one Acre & an halfe of upland lying on the north aide of William Scales his Lott abutting as aforesaid."

"1661-- At the same Towne meeting it was also granted and voted that Deacon Jewett should have a way layed out to his land laying on the foreside of prospect hill."

"March, 1671 -- To Deacon Jewett as his right and the right of John Spofford there was laide out ninete and five Acres of land beinge the twelfth and thirtenth lot in order, and is bounded by Thomas Dickinson on the west, by m re Kimbals lot on the east: six hundred and twentie two pole by the river on the North: it beinge thirtie and one poles and a halfe wide by the river side: yet but twentie four poles perpendiculer, each angle by the river are bounded by stubs, at the south end it is bounded by the villedge line twentie six pole and 3-4 yet it is but twentie and five pole perpendiculer: the south west angle is a stake and stones, the south east angle is a white oak."

In 1658 he had land granted him in Merrimac, then a part of Rowley. In 1673 Merrimac was incorporated as Bradford.


Sarah Orne Jewett - History

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Such a kind and earnest and friendly letter 4 as you sent me! I have read it over many times. I have been in deep perplexity these last few years, and troubles that concern only one's habits of mind are such personal things that they are hard to talk about. You see I was not made to have to do with affairs—what Mr. McClure 5 calls "men and measures." If I get on at that kind of work it is by going at it with the sort of energy most people have to exert only on rare occasions. Consequently I live just about as much during the day as a trapeze performer does when he is on the bars—it's catch the right bar at the right minute, or into the net you go. I feel all the time so dispossessed and bereft of myself. My mind is off doing trapeze work all day long and only comes back to me when it is dog tired and wants to creep into my body and sleep. I really do stand and look at it sometimes and threaten not to take it in at all—I get to hating it so for not being any more good to me. Then reading so much poorly written matter as I have to read has a kind of deadening effect on me somehow. I know that many great and wise people have been able to do that, but I am neither large enough nor wise enough to do it without getting a kind of dread of everything that is made out of words. I feel diluted and weakened by it all the time—relaxed, as if I had lived in a tepid bath until I shrink from either heat or cold.

I have often thought of trying to get three or four months of free- 3 dom a year, but you see when the planning of articles is pretty much in one person's hands head it is difficult to hand these many little details over to another person. Your mind becomes a card-catalogue of notes that are meaningless except as they related to their proper subject. What Mr. McClure wants is to make me into as good an imitation of Miss Tarbell 6 as he can. He wants me to write articles on popular science, so called, (and other things) for half of each week, and attend to the office work in the other half. That combination would be quite possible—and, I fear perfectly deadening. He wants, above all things, good, clear-cut journalism. The which I do not despise, except but I get nothing to breathe out of it and no satisfaction.

Mr. McClure tells me that he does not think I will ever be able to do much at writing stories, again, that I am a good executive and I had better let it go at that. I sometimes, indeed I very often think that he is right. If I have been going forward at all in the last five years, It has been progress of the head and not of the hand. At thirty-four 7 one ought to have some sureness in their pen point and some knowledge facility in turning out a story. In other matters—things about the office—I can usually do what I set out to do and I can learn by experience, but when it comes to writing I'm a new-born baby every time—always come into it naked and shivery and without any bones. I never learn anything about it at all. I sometimes wonder whether once one can possibly be meant to do the thing at which they are more blind and inept and blundering than at anything else in the world.

But the question of work aside, one has a right to live and reflect and feel a little. When I was teaching 5 I did. I learned more or less all the time. But now I have the feeling of standing still except for a certain kind of facility in getting the kind sort of material Mr. McClure wants. It's stiff mental exercise, but it is about as much food to live by as elaborate mental arithmetic would be.—Of course there are interesting people and interesting things in the day's work, but it's all like going round the world in a railway train and never getting off to see anything closer. I have not a reportorial mind—I can't get things in fleeting glimpses and I can't get any pleasure out of them. And the excitement of it doesn't stimulate me, it only wears me out.

Now the kind of life that makes one feel empty and shallow and superficial, that makes one dread to read and dread to think, can't be good for one, can it? It can't be the kind of life one was meant to live. I do think that kind of excitement does to my brain exactly what I have seen alcohol do to men's. It seems to spread one's very brain cells apart so that they don't touch. Everything leaks out as the power does in a broken circuit.

So whether or not the chief is right about my never doing much writing, I think one's immortal soul is to be considered a little. His thrives on this perpetual debauch, but five years more of it will make me a fat, sour, ill-tempered lady—and fussy, worst of all! And assertive an all people who do feats on the flying trapeze and never think are as cocky as terriers after rats, you know.

I have to lend a hand at home now and then, and a good salary is a good thing. Still, if I stopped working next summer 8 I would have money engough enough to live very simply for three or four years. That would give me time to pull myself together. I doubt whether I would ever write very much—though that is hard to tell about for sure since I was fifteen I have not had a patch of leisure six months long. When I was on a newspaper I had one month vacation a year, and when I was teaching I had two. Still, I don't think that my pen would ever travel very fast, even along smooth roads. But I would write a little—"and save the soul besides." 9 It's so foolish to live (which is always trouble enough) and not to save your soul. It's so foolish to lose your real pleasure for the supposed pleasures of the chase—or of the stock exchange. You remember poor Goldsmith 10

"And 11 as an hare whom horns and hounds pursue, Pants for the place from which at first she flew"

It is really like that. I do feel like such an rabbit most of the time. I dont mean that I get panic-stricken. I believe I am still called "executive" at the office. But inside I feel like that. Isn't there a new disease, beloved by psychologists, called "split personality"?

Of all these things and many others I long to talk to you. In lieu of so doing I have been reading again this evening "Martha's Lady." 12 I do think it is almost the saddest and loveliest of stories. It humbles and desolates me every time I read it—and somehow makes me want willing to begin all over and try to be good like a whipping used to do when I was little. Perhaps after Christmas I can slip up to Boston 13 for a day. Until then a world of love to you and all the well wishes of this season, an hundred fold warmer and more heartfelt than they are wont to be. I shall think of you and of Mrs. Fields 14 often on Christmas Day.

As I pick up the sheets of this letter I am horrified—but I claim indulgence because I have left wide margins.


Sarah Orne Jewett House

Writer Sarah Orne Jewett (1849-1909) was born in her grandparents' eighteenth-century house, where she lived with her family until 1854, when a Greek Revival House was built next door. As Sarah gained attention as an author, she and her family continued to live in the two Portland Street homes in the center of South Berwick.

Jewett and her older sister Mary inherited their grandparents' house in 1887. Decorating the house for their own use, the sisters expressed both a pride in their family's past and their own independent, sophisticated tastes. The result is an eclectic blend of eighteenth-century architecture, antiques, and old wallpapers with furnishings showing the influence of the Arts and Crafts movement.

Jewett drew on the house for inspiration for her novel Deephaven and often wrote at the desk in the upper hall overlooking the active town center.

Maak oop
Friday &ndash Sunday, June 1 &ndash October 15
11:00 a.m. &ndash 5:00 p.m.
Tours on the hour. Last tour at 4:00 p.m.

Top photo: Jewett House - Sarah&rsquos sister Mary continued to live in the house, with frequent visits from nephew Theodore Jewett Eastman. Mary died in 1930, leaving the old family home to Eastman who, just one year later, bequeathed it to the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, now Historic New England.

Bottom photo: Parlor - The parlor is the best room in the house, as evidenced by its fine woodwork. This room reflects the Jewett sisters' passion for the lives of their ancestors and for preservation of the past. The wallpaper in the parlor is preserved from their grandfather's occupation of the house and the furniture is a mix of styles from many generations &ndash many of them antiques even when Sarah and Mary lived in the house.


Exeter Historical Society

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Sarah Orne Jewett

by Barbara Rimkunas
This "Historically Speaking" column appeared in the Exeter News-Letter on Friday, October 27, 2011.

“On the brink of the hill stood a little white schoolhouse, much wind-blown and weather-beaten…” wrote Sarah Orne Jewett. During the early part of the twentieth century, Jewett was an accomplished author – writing primarily about nature and life in small town New England. Although she wasn’t born in Exeter and never lived here, she had strong ties to the town through her ancestry and often visited for long periods.

Born in South Berwick, Maine, in 1849, Jewett was a doctor’s daughter. Her father, Theodore Jewett, had studied medicine at Harvard and completed his practical studies in Exeter under the capable guidance of Dr. William Perry. While in Exeter, Jewett had met and married Perry’s daughter, Caroline Gilman Perry. Once his studies were complete, Dr. Jewett returned to his family’s hometown of South Berwick.

Sarah was a sickly child, suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, and was often absent from school. The nature of the disease caused acute flare-ups that would primarily affect her knees and shoulders. Once the swelling went down – and she sometimes reported that her knees would swell so badly that she couldn’t see her feet – the pain would linger for days or weeks. It might seem that this would lead her to be a bookish girl with endless hours spent on a couch reading, but for Sarah it was just the opposite. Classrooms were like prisons for her and only increased her discomfort. She preferred wandering the woods and fields of her village to sitting still at a desk. Arthritis is sneaky that way – it can make one immobile for stretches of time, yet it is best treated with movement. Children today, even with much better treatment, concur that sitting in school all day only makes things worse.

Luckily for Sarah, her father indulged her self-treatment and allowed her to skip school. He took her on his calls around town and she got to know village life in depth. She also visited her grandparents and cousins in Exeter very frequently. During the summer of 1857, she stayed in Exeter at her grandparents’ house on the town square to attend the summer term of school. Old Doctor Perry proved to be just as adept as his son-in-law at treating the girl with care. She was probably lucky that both her father and grandfather ignored the common treatments of the day and felt that fresh air and sunshine were the best treatments for her aching body. Dr. Perry’s medical text (currently in the collections of the Exeter Historical Society) - “First Lines of the Practice of Physic” by Dr. William Cullen, published in 1807- advocated topical bleeding, purging and a bland vegetarian diet for the treatment of chronic rheumatism.

Her father undertook to educate his daughter primarily at home after her reluctance to attend school was identified. She wrote later, “in these days I was given to long, childish illnesses, and it must be honestly confessed, to instant drooping if ever I were shut up in school. I had apparently not the slightest desire for learning, but my father was always ready to let me be his companion in long drives about the country.” She may not have liked to read or study, but she did adore taking in the sights and the characters they encountered on their travels.

“I used to linger about the busy country stores, and listen to the graphic country talk. I heard the greetings of old friends, and their minute details of neighborhood affairs,” she wrote. Her life was filled with the people of New England and her later writings would include dialogue that would read just as it sounded to her young ears.

At the age of 19 she began sending stories to magazines such as Atlantic Monthly and quickly made a name for herself. Although she suffered from arthritis flare-ups for the remainder of her life, she never allowed it to control her ambitions. She traveled the world, but always returned to South Berwick. Her serialized stories were published in book format, the most well-known include A Country Doctor, published in 1884, and The Country of the Pointed Firs, published in 1896.

In an undated letter, she wrote to the librarian of the Exeter Public Library, “I do not forget that I am a grandchild of the old town and of the Gilmans who always have had its well being so close to their hearts. Believe me.” She may be associated with South Berwick, but Exeter was dear to her.


Kyk die video: A White Heron by Sarah Orne Jewett