La Gane -kasteel

La Gane -kasteel


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Die Château de la Gane is 'n historiese kasteel in Saint-Exupéry-les-Roches, Corrèze, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Frankryk wat in 1286 vir Pierre-André de la Ganne gebou is.

Die westelike toring is in die 15de of 16de eeu gebou. Dit is geërf deur Guillaume de La Brosse in 1432. In 1510 is dit verkry deur Antoine Andrieu, 'n burgerlike wat in die adel trou en daarna veredel is.

La Gane Castle -geskiedenis

Die kasteel is in 1286 gestig deur Pierre-André de la Ganne. Die saamgestelde gebou bestaan ​​uit verskillende dele uit verskillende tydperke in die vorm van 'n vierkant.

In die weste, 'n ronde toring van die einde van die 15de of die begin van die 16de eeu, omring deur 'n rewolwer wat 'n wenteltrap omring, huisves 'n kapel bedek met 'n gewelf met stralende ribbes. Die binnekant is bedek met neogotiese panele. In die ooste dateer die reghoekige hoofgebou uit dieselfde tydperk. Dit word omring deur 'n vierkantige trap -rewolwer, intern vasgeskroef. Dit het drie verdiepings met blootgestelde balke.

In 1772 is dit verkry deur Jean-Joseph de Parel d'Espeiruc de la Chatonie en die hoofgebou is aan die suidekant uitgebrei deur 'n onderste vleuel.

In 1804 word dit verkry deur Louis-Paul de Selve de Bity. Hierna is die toring en die hoofgebou herenig, waarskynlik in die plek van 'n ontbrekende verbindingselement.

La Gane -kasteel vandag

Die kasteel is in Desember 1980 in die inventaris van historiese monumente gelys.

Om by La Gane Castle te kom

Die maklikste manier om La Gane -kasteel te bereik, is deur te ry; die kasteelbenadering is net langs die D45.


Newgrange - Wêrelderfenisgebied

Newgrange is 'n 5,200 jaar oue grafgraf in die Boyne -vallei in die ou Ooste van Ierland.

Newgrange is deur steentydperkboere gebou, die heuwel is 85 m in deursnee en 13 m hoog, 'n oppervlakte van ongeveer 1 hektaar.

'N Deur van 19 m (62 voet) lei na 'n kamer met 3 nissies. Die gang en kamer is in lyn met die opkomende son soggens rondom die Wintersonstilstand.

Newgrange word omring deur 97 groot klippe met die naam kantstene, waarvan sommige met megalitiese kuns gegraveer is, die ingangsklip wat die opvallendste is.

Toegang tot die Newgrange -monument is via die Brú na Bóinne -besoekersentrum.


Newgrange is 'n steentydperk (neolitiese) monument in die Boyne -vallei, County Meath, dit is die juweel in die kroon van die ou Ooste van Ierland. Newgrange is ongeveer 5 200 jaar gelede (3200 v.C.) gebou, wat dit ouer maak as Stonehenge en die Groot Piramides van Giza. Newgrange is 'n groot sirkelheuwel van 85 m (279 voet) in deursnee en 13 m (43 voet) hoog met 'n 19m (63ft) klipgang en kamers binne. Die heuwel is omring deur 97 groot kantstene, waarvan sommige gegraveer is met simbole wat megalitiese kuns genoem word.

Newgrange is gebou deur 'n boeregemeenskap wat voorspoedig was op die ryk grond van die Boyne -vallei. Knowth en Dowth is soortgelyke heuwels wat saam met Newgrange deur UNESCO as wêrelderfenisgebied aangewys is.

Argeoloë het Newgrange as 'n ganggraf geklassifiseer, maar Newgrange word nou erken as baie meer as 'n ganggraf. Antieke tempel is 'n meer gepaste indeling, 'n plek van astrologiese, geestelike, godsdienstige en seremoniële belang, net soos hedendaagse katedrale plekke van aansien en aanbidding is waar hooggeplaastes ter ruste gelê kan word.

Newgrange is 'n groot niervormige heuwel wat 'n oppervlakte van meer as 'n hektaar beslaan, wat aan die voet vasgehou word deur 97 kantstene, waarvan sommige ryklik versier is met megalitiese kuns. Die 19 m lange binnegang lei na 'n kruisvormige kamer met 'n gordak. Die hoeveelheid tyd en arbeid wat belê is in die bou van Newgrange, dui op 'n goed georganiseerde samelewing met gespesialiseerde groepe wat verantwoordelik is vir verskillende aspekte van konstruksie.

Newgrange is deel van 'n kompleks van monumente wat langs 'n draai van die Boyne -rivier gebou is, gesamentlik bekend as Brú na Bóinne. Die ander twee belangrikste monumente is Knowth (die grootste) en Dowth, maar in die hele gebied is daar tot 35 kleiner hope.


Castle Rock

Wat maak dit spesiaal?

Castle Rock is die mees formidabele geologiese baken in Sweetwater County. Castle Rock kyk uit oor die stad Green River en is naby die middestad geleë. Hierdie rotsformasie is deur die jare baie verskillende name genoem, waaronder Citadel, Indian Head Rock en Green River Butte. Castle Rock bestaan ​​uit horisontale lae, en baie van die rotslae is ryk aan versteende visse en plante, 'n getuienis van die uitgestrekte meer wat vroeër die grootste deel van die streek omvat het.

Waar is dit?

Hoog bo die stad Green River langs I-80. Castle Rock kan ook bereik word deur die noordelike punt van 3rd West Street in Green River te stap.


La Gane -kasteel - Geskiedenis

Vroeë geskiedenis (1100-1650's)

Ons begin met ons vroegste geskrewe rekords wat verband hou met die gebied. Dit is egter die moeite werd om te onthou dat daar 'n ongeskrewe geskiedenis in die landskap is. Byvoorbeeld, die 'fairyforts' in die gemeente bv. in Tubrid, was vroeë plaashuise, dateer uit omstreeks 400AD. Hierdie mense sou dus 'n hoop grond opgebou het, dit versterk en 'n woonhuis gebou, waarvan gewoonlik slegs 'n paar van die heuwels in die landskap oorbly. Hulle was gewoonlik op 'n verhoogde grond, sodat die inwoners 'n goeie uitsig op die gebied gehad het. Daar word geskat dat daar ongeveer 45 000 'fairyforts' in Ierland is. Aangesien daar egter nie opgrawings op hierdie prehistoriese plase in die omgewing plaasgevind het nie, moet ons begin met die geskrewe geskiedenis.

Een van die vroegste aangetekende inligting oor Mooncoin is in die 'Catalog Of the Bishops of Ossory' (British Museum - Londen). Dit verklaar dat die biskop van Ossory (De Turville) in 1220 ''n bos naby Clonmore gekry het'. Ons glo nou dat hierdie hout is waar Kilnaspic tans is, en daarna waar 'Kilnaspic' sy naam gekry het, dit wil sê Coill-na-easpag-'die Bishops Wood'. Ironies genoeg het die naam niks te doen met 'n kerk wat baie later daar gebou is nie. 'Kill' is gewoonlik die verengelsde weergawe van die Ierse woord vir kerk. Die biskop van Ossory het ook baie grond in Clonmore besit, en dit is die rede waarom ons hierdie rekords het. Die kerk het hierdie lande eeue lank besit en in 1460 het biskop Hackett 'n herehuis in Clonmore langs die oewer van die Suir gebou. Dit was min of meer 'n somerhuis waarheen hy gedurende die somermaande van Kilkenny City kon terugtrek, waarskynlik deur 'n boot langs die Nore te neem en die Suir terug te maak.

Die huidige gemeente Mooncoin word in hierdie vroeë Ossory -rekords van sir 1200 in die vroeë Ossory -rekords van sir 1200 in die vroeë Ossory -rekords in die vroeë Ossory genoem (wat in baie rekords tot in die 1800's genoem word, wat ons nou as die gemeente Mooncoin ken, eintlik die ' Gemeente Rathkieran '). Dit was omdat die hoofkerkkerk honderde jare lank in Rathkieran was. Trouens, daar is 'n verslag van Donnail O 'Fogertach, destyds biskop van Ossory, wat op 8 Mei 1178 daar begrawe is (hierdie vroeë kerk het lankal verdwyn en daar blyk 'n aantal kerke op die terrein te wees). Die kerkruïnes wat tans in Rathkieran bestaan, is van die Protestantse kerk wat in 1727 herbou en herdak is (hierdie kerk is omstreeks 1880 geslaan met net 'n boog wat oorbly) - maar hierdie kerk is aangeteken as byna identies aan die vorige Katolieke kerk. Daar is ook bewyse dat Rathkieran voor 1118 sy eie heilige see was, dit wil sê dat dit sy eie bisdom was en na hierdie datum in Ossory opgeneem is. Ongeveer 200 meter noordoos van Rathkieran, naby Ashgrove, is daar 'n Rath of heuwel/heuwel genaamd 'the Corrig'. Dit is waar die monnike verbonde aan die Rathkieran -kerk byna 1000 jaar gelede hul woonplek gehad het.

Dit is die moeite werd om te onthou dat enige kerk wat tydens die hervorming van die 1540's in die gemeente bestaan ​​het, letterlik oornag as Protestantse kerke (Anglikaan/Kerk van Ierland) her -ingewy sou word. Die Kerk van Ierland het die amptelike staatskerk geword. Die omskakelingskoerse was egter baie laag in Ierland. Maar dit het nie die bou van verskeie kerke in die gemeente gestop om die plaaslike bevolking aan te moedig om by die nuwe staatsgodsdiens aan te sluit nie. Trouens, wat nou die Katolieke gemeente van Mooncoin is, bestaan ​​uit vyf afsonderlike subgemeentes, met 'n kerk in elk van hierdie subgemeentes (ook bekend as burgerlike gemeentes). Dit was Rathkieran (die hoofkerk), Aglish/Portnascully, Tubrid, Polerone, Ballytarsney en Clonmore. Ardera was later sy eie burgerlike gemeente. Daar was ook 'n privaat kerk, waarskynlik gebou deur die Bowers -familie, bekend as 'Kilaspy' (nie te verwar met Kilnaspic nie) - hoewel daar bewyse is dat daar ook 'n kerk in die Middeleeue bestaan ​​het. Die ruïnes van hierdie kerk is geleë in 'n veld in Grange naby Silverspring. Ook kan die ruïnes van die Polerone -kerk nog steeds naby die rivier die Suir (Kerk van Ierland) gesien word, sommige kerkruïnes en begraafplase is nog steeds in Rathkieran (Kerk van Ierland). Ierland), Aglish (Church of Ireland) is meestal weg, maar die latere Portnascully -kerk is nog steeds sigbaar. Die mees onlangse kerk van Ierland wat gebou is, was Graigavine -kerk naby Cloncunny/Emil, wat in die burgerlike gemeente Clonmore was. Dit bedien lede van die Church of Ireland -geloof van 1818 tot 1906 nadat die ander vyf Church of Ireland -kerke gesluit het. Verbasend, aangesien daar in 'n stadium tussen 5 en 6 Church of Ireland -kerke in Mooncoin was, is daar tans geen oorblywende nie. Graigavine het minder as negentig jaar geduur, terwyl die gemeentelede van die Church of Ireland toe in Piltown moes aanbid (die dak en mure van Graigavine is meestal in die 1960's verwyder).

Daar was 'n paar klein verskille tussen die Rooms -Katolieke gemeente wat vandag gebruik word (bestaande uit Kilnaspic, Mooncoin en Carrigeen) en die burgerlike gemeentes, omdat sommige nie oorvleuel soos u sou verwag nie. Die stad Cashel is byvoorbeeld in die huidige Rooms -Katolieke gemeente Mooncoin, maar in die burgerlike gemeente was dit in Fiddown (nou in Templeorum Parish). Net so was sommige dele van die huidige Kilmacow -gemeente onder die burgerlike gemeente Rathkieran.

Buiten die kerkgeskiedenis, weet ons dat die belangrikste grondeienaars in die omgewing vanaf omstreeks 1400 die Butlers van Grannagh (Granny) Castle was - (wat 'n tak was van die Butler -familie in Kilkenny Castle). In latere jare was die graaf van Bessborough in Kildalton, Piltown, die belangrikste grondeienaar in die Baronie Iverk. Die Baronie Iverk het die moderne gemeentes Mooncoin, Kilmacow, Piltown en Fiddown ingeneem. Die baronie bestaan ​​oorspronklik uit 41,369 hektaar en het sy naam gekry, 'Uibh Eire', die 'afstammelinge van Ere' uit 'n ou sept/familie. Oorspronklik was die hoof setel van Iverk Granagh -kasteel en later Bessborough in Piltown (die landgoed Bessborough besit teen 1875 nog 25 000 hektaar).

Cromwelliaanse verowering van Ierland

Daar is ook gedetailleerde inligting oor Mooncoin uit die 1650's toe Oliver Cromwell en sy leër Ierland verower het en daarna amptelike rekords gemaak het toe die inwoners oorgeplant is. Trouens, Oliver Cromwell het naby Mooncoin geslaag nadat hy beheer oor Wexford Town en New Ross oorgeneem het. Hy kom oor die Walsh -berge en kyk na Mooncoin en die omliggende gebied het na bewering gesê: "Dit is 'n land wat die moeite werd is om voor te bak".

Eerstens 'n agtergrond vir Cromwell se 'verowering' van Ierland. Daar was 'n opstand in Ierland, veral in Ulster, in 1641, toe baie Protestante planters deur die plaaslike Iere doodgemaak is (ongeveer 5000 vermoor). Daar was ongeveer dieselfde aantal Katolieke wat in vergelding dood is. Die 'poniekoerant' nuusblaaie in Londen het in die jare hieroor in die wiele gery, wat die aantal Protestantse setlaars wat gedood is, aansienlik oordryf. Cromwell beskou sy inval in 1649 as 'n wraak teen die 'barbaarse Ierse ellendes' vir hierdie dade wat in 1641 gepleeg is. land. Die Konfederasie van Kilkenny bestaan ​​uit 'n mengsel van Katolieke en Protestantse lede wat lojaal was aan die koning van Engeland (Charles I) wat Cromwell gearresteer en uiteindelik tereggestel het. Cromwell het hom eerder by die parlement in Westminster aangesluit. Toe Cromwell na Ierland vaar, was dit sy eerste keer dat hy Engeland verlaat het en hy het (met ernstige seesiekte) in Ringsend, Dublin, in Augustus 1649 aangekom.

Cromwell is die berugste in Ierland vir die volksmoord wat hy in Drogheda, Co Louth gepleeg het, waar 3000 mans, vroue en kinders vermoor is (dit het op 11 September 1649 plaasgevind, hul eie '9/11'). Die dooies was meestal Katoliek. Selfs destyds was dit as skokkend beskou, aangesien vroue, kinders en bejaardes gewoonlik in die 17de eeuse oorlog gespaar is. Hy word ook daarvan beskuldig dat hy nie 'kwartaal' gegee het nie. Dit is wanneer mense hulle oorgee, hulle is bedoel om gespaar te word en gevange geneem te word. Cromwell het gevoel dat hy God se werk doen en dat God aan sy sy was. As dinge vir hom uitwerk, wat dit dikwels gedoen het (weer ens.), Was dit God wat hom na die oorwinning gelei het. Die enigste stad wat enige sukses behaal het, was Clonmel. Hier het Cromwell ongeveer 2 000 man verloor.

Kort ná Cromwell se verowering van Ierland het hy 'n beleid van 'oorplanting' begin. Dit het behels dat die inheemse grondeienaars wat nie by hom aangesluit het nie, na die westelike graafskappe (waar die land armer was en die quotto hel was of na Connaught & quot) verhuis het. Dit is besluit ingevolge die 'Wet van Skikking'. Hierdie wet het gedefinieer dat, om die loonrekening van Cromwell se weermag wat sedert 1649 in Ierland was, te betaal, besluit is om hulle met grond van die verowerde Iere te betaal, in teenstelling met werklike geld wat skaars was. In 'n stadium het die leiers in Dublin en Londen aangedring om alle katolieke na Connaught te verwyder. Daar is egter besluit om net grondbesitende katolieke te verhuis en 'n derde of twee derdes van hul verowerde grond in Connaught te gee. Armer katolieke en arbeiders het gebly om die grond vir hul nuwe eienaars te bewerk. Protestante wat reeds in Connaught gevestig was, het die opsie gehad om hul grond in te ruil vir beter grond in Leinster of Munster. Alle katolieke priesters is ook aangesê om die land te verlaat. 'N Man wat duisende perde vir Cromwell voorsien het, het groot stukke grond in die suide van Kilkenny, Tipperary en Carlow gekry vir sy betaling. Hy was bekend as Ponsonby, maar die gesin het later die titel 'Earls of Bessborough' gekry.

Hier is 'n uittreksel uit die amptelike dokumentasie in Londen van April 1653:

Hulle (Katolieke grondeienaars) het tot 1 Mei 1654 tyd om hulself te verwyder en oor te plaas in die provinsie Connaught en die graafskap Clare, of een van hulle daar om te woon en te bly.

In Januarie 1654 vergader verteenwoordigers van avonture en soldate in Grocers Hall in Londen om lotte te trek oor watter land hulle in Ierland sou neem. 'N soort van 'n gelukkige dip na gelang van rang ens.

Toe gesinne oorgeplant sou word, moes die man van die gesin eerstens na Loughrea, Galway, gaan. Loughrea was die middelpunt van toediening vir die oorplanting. Hier moes hy registreer en voorlopige vorderings insit en 'n hut gooi terwyl hy die gesin verlaat om na gewasse en diere om te sien. Daarna het hy teruggekeer vir sy gesin en 'beeste' (hoofsaaklik 'swart beeste en perde'). Baie gesinne kon egter nie die sperdatum van 1 Mei 1654 haal nie, en daarom het hulle om uitstel aansoek gedoen. Sommige is toegestaan, wat die vroue en kinders in die somer van 1654 in Kilkenny kon laat agterbly om gewasse te oes. Hulle moes egter baie van hierdie gewasse as vergoeding aan die nuwe grondeienaars gee. Alle inheemse Iere buite hul eie omgewing moes identiteitskaarte dra om die omwenteling te vergemaklik.

Mooncoin het nie hierdie oorplantingsplan vrygespring nie. Dit is opmerklik dat 58% van die grond in County Kilkenny gekonfiskeer is en aan die Cromwelliaanse/parlementêre soldate gegee is. 'N Bewys van hierdie omwenteling is vandag nog op die landskap, met die ruïnes van die Corluddy -kasteel en die Grange -kasteel wat in 1653 verlaat is, terwyl hul eienaars, onderskeidelik die Grants en die Walshs, na Connaught verhuis het. Dit is moeilik om die trauma wat hierdie mense deurgemaak het, voor te stel. Baie sou oud gewees het en moes die harde reis na Galway te voet of perd as hulle gelukkig was, nooit weer vir Mooncoin of hul ou huise sien nie. Net 'n paar jaar tevore was Kilkenny City welvarend en die 'hoofstad' van Ierland, en die plaaslike ekonomie het baie goed gevaar. Nader aan die huis, net vyf jaar tevore, het die Walsh -gesin wat in die Grange -kasteel gewoon het, die pouslike Nuncio uit Rome ontvang, wat 'n groot voorreg was. Die pouslike Nuncio sou destyds een van die magtigste en invloedrykste mense in Europa gewees het. Nou was die gesin van sewe op pad na Connaught.

Hier is 'n uittreksel uit sertifikate wat verleen is aan die inheemse Mooncoin -mense wat uit die Mooncoin -gebied oorgeplant is (1653-1655) - Cromwelliaanse soldate sou hul grond in Mooncoin oorgeneem het, miskien onderverhuur van Ponsonby. Let wel: die verskillende gesinne met die naam 'Grant' het almal op een of ander manier verband gehou. Hulle was dus almal 'geteer met die een kwas'. 'Glengrant' het sy naam gekry van hierdie familie. Let ook op: plekspelling is hoe dit destyds geskryf is:

Teenhervorming 1700's+

Die Protestantse kerke in die gemeente het dit baie moeilik gevind om te oorleef, aangesien die bevolking van die Protestantse gemeenskap steeds baie laag was. Na die Hervorming was die idee dat die Katolieke bevolking sou afneem en die Protestantse bevolking sou toeneem namate mense hulle bekeer om die strawwe strawwe te vermy. Na 'n paar geslagte sou die Katolieke dus agteruitgaan. Die omskakelingsyfers in Engeland en Wallis was hoog, maar dit het nie die Ierse volharding (/koppigheid) in ag geneem nie! Selfs nadat die strengste anti -Katolieke wette ingestel is - die strafwette wat tussen 1690 en 1710 tot stand gekom het - het die Katolieke inwoners van Mooncoin steeds geweier om tot bekering te kom. Waar 'n Katolieke priester gevind kon word, word die mis gewoonlik buite in 'n 'Mass bush' of 'Mass rock' gevier. Daar was byvoorbeeld 'n massarots naby Polerone en massabome in Tubrid en Ardera. Godsdienstige diens was toe selde vir Katolieke, met net doop, huwelike en begrafnisse die enigste kontak met priesters. Toe 'n Katoliek sterf, het hulle gewoonlik toestemming van die plaaslike predikant gekry om begrawe te word op die Protestantse kerkterrein (gewoonlik Rathkieran). Die rekords toon dat die predikant in die gemeente Portnascully in 1776 - net toe die strafwette verslap (of geïgnoreer word) slegs drie lede in sy gemeente gehad het, vergeleke met 433 katolieke wat in die gemeente gewoon het. Maar dit is moontlik dat sommige Katolieke moontlik diens in Protestantse kerke sou bywoon, aangesien hulle geen eie kerk gehad het nie. Dit sou dus as 'n 'grys' gebied beskou word, met baie van die plaaslike dominees wat 'n blinde oog draai vir die Katolieke wat hul diens bywoon.

Daar was geen fisiese Katolieke aanbiddingsplekke in die gemeente tot in 1752, toe die Katolieke Kerk weer begin opkom het nie. Dan het ons 'n rekord dat 'n 'massahuis' in Kilnaspic gebou is. Katolieke mag nie per se 'kerke' hê nie, dus is 'n grasdakhuis gebruik om die wet te omseil. Die eerste ding wat by my opkom, is hoe ver die ligging was. Dit was aan die ander kant van 'n heuwel en beslis baie verborge en nie in die gesig van mense nie (dit was net langs die heuwel van die huidige kerk in Kilnaspic geleë - aan die einde van die huidige begraafplaas). Tweedens, die grond waar die Mass -huis gebou is, is die eiendom van die graaf van Bessborough, sodat hy dit duidelik aanvaar het.

Die vader van die hedendaagse gemeente - as u die woordspeling verskoon - was vader James Purcell, wat die eerste Katolieke priester was wat hom sedert die Reformasie heeltemal in die gemeente baseer het. Hy kom in 1748 aan en was nie net verantwoordelik vir die gemeente Mooncoin nie, maar ook vir die grootste deel van die gemeente Kilmacow. Fr Purcell het 'n huis en 40 hektaar gehuur in Middlequarter naby die huis - beskryf as 'n herehuis - van die kerk van Ierland se predikant vir die gemeente wat in Polerone gewoon het. Fr Purcell was van Kilkenny City en gebore in 1707. Hy het sy broer en ouers na Mooncoin verhuis om by hom te woon en op die plaas te werk. Sy ouers sterf net twee jaar later in 1750, binne vier maande van mekaar, en is begrawe in die Rathkieran -kerkhof (natuurlik toe nog beheer deur die Church of Ireland, wat toon dat die verhouding tussen die twee godsdienste redelik vriendelik was).

Daar was drie Katolieke kerke/mishuise in gebruik sedert die laat 1700's. Dit is miskien nie toevallig dat die drie Katolieke afdelings in die gemeente - Mooncoin, Carrigeen en Kilnaspic - nie een van die name van die ouer gemeentes/Kerk van Ierland (soos Tubrid, Rathkieran, ens.) Aangeneem het nie. Dit kan dus geen verwarring of vermenging wees tussen die Kerk van Ierland en die Katolieke gemeentes nie. Hulle was 'n Katolieke mishuis (later 'n kerk) wat in Ballytarsney gebou is. Vanaf die vroeë 1800's, nadat die strafwette nog verslap is, is kerke in die drie gemeentes gebou met 'n aangrensende gemeenteskool in elk. 'N Nuwe kerk is in 1802 in Mooncoin gebou en was geleë in wat ons ken as die' ou begraafplaas 'in Chapelstraat (vandaar die naam vandaan). Dit het die Ballytarsney -kerk vervang. Oor die algemeen is daar in Mooncoin nie baie bewyse van konflik tussen die verskillende gelowiges deur die eeue nie. Baie Katolieke het die massa bygewoon (en soos begrawe), in Protestantse kerke, aangesien hulle tot 1700 geen eie kerk gehad het nie. Dit sou dus as 'n 'grys' gebied beskou word, met baie van die plaaslike dominees wat 'n 'blinde oog' gedraai het vir die Katolieke wat die mis bywoon.

Hier is 'n paar uittreksels uit die Ossory -rekords uit 1837 wat verwys na die Church of Ireland -kerke in die omgewing:

(* let op 'Glebe -huis' is die plaaslike rektorshuis)

& quotMoncoin & quot, Mount-Coin, of [Mooncoin], 'n dorp en buite-parochiale plek, plaaslik in die gemeente Poleroan, baronie Iverk met 102 huise en 495 inwoners. In die R. C. -afdelings is hierdie plek die hoof van 'n vakbond of distrik, bestaande uit die gemeentes Rathkyran, Aglishmartin, Portnescully, Poleroan, Clonmore, Ballytarsna, Tubrid en 'n deel van Burnchurch, waarin die unie drie kapelle is.
[Uit 'n topografiese woordeboek van Ierland (1837)]
Kerkrekords
Burgerlike gemeente: RC Gemeente: Mooncoin
Vroeëste rekords: geboortes. Desember 1797 huwelike. Januarie 1772.

& quotPolerone & quot, of Poleroan, 'n gemeente, in die baronie Iverk, die graafskap Kilkenny, en aan die noordoostelike oewer van die rivier Suir met 1245 inwoners. Die lewende is 'n pastorie, in die bisdom Ossory, verenig deur 'n besluit van die raad, in 1680, aan die pastorieë van Potnescully en Illud, wat saam die vereniging van Poleroan bydra tot die geskenk van die Corporation of Waterford, in wie die pastorie is onbehoorlik. Daar is 'n glebe-huis [pastoor se huis] met 'n oppervlakte van 4 1/4 hektaar. Ongeveer 60 kinders word in 'n privaatskool opgelei.

RATHKIERAN

"Rathkieran", of Rathkyran, 'n gemeente, in die baronie Iverk, Kilkenny, met 1408 inwoners, waarvan 120 in die dorp is. Die gemeente bestaan ​​uit 4197 statute acres en die dorp bevat 22 huise. Die lewende is 'n pastorie, in die bisdom Ossory, en in die beskerming van die Vicars Choral van die katedraal van Kilkenny is die pastorie geskik vir die dekaan en hoofstuk. By Moncoin is 'n skool onder toesig van die nonne, waarin ongeveer 250 meisies is en in 'n privaatskool ongeveer 200 seuns is, is daar ook 'n Sondagskool.

& quotAglish & quot, of Aglishmartin, 'n gemeente, in die baronie Iverk, graafskap Kilkenny, aan die rivier Suir en op die pad van Waterford na Carrick-on-Suir met 401 inwoners, waarvan 142 in die dorp is. Dit beslaan 2414 hektaar akker en is 'n pastorie in die bisdom Ossory en in die beskerming van die Kroon: die tiendes beloop 96,18,5 1/2 pond. Daar is nie 'n kerk of 'n glee-huis nie, die glebe bestaan ​​uit 2 1/2 hektaar.

BALLYTARSNEY

"Ballytarsney", 'n gemeente, in die baronie Iverk, Kilkenny, word die bevolking teruggestuur met die gemeente Poleroan. Die gemeente is geleë op die pad van Waterford na Limerick, en is ongeveer vyf Britse lengte en breedte, wat 1116 hektaar groot is. Dit is 'n pastorie en pastorie, in die bisdom Ossory, en vorm deel van die vereniging van Clonmore.

"Clonmore", 'n gemeente, in die baronie Iverk, die graafskap Kilkenny en die provinsie Leinster, 2 1/2 myl (S. S. E.) van Piltown, op die posbus van Limerick na wateford. Met 702 inwoners. Die belangrikste sitplekke is Silverspring en Cloncunny. Die lewende is 'n pastorie en pastorie, in die bisdom Ossory, verenig met dié van Ballytarsney en in die beskerming van die biskop. Die glebe-huis [pastorehuis] is in 1817 gebou: die glebe beslaan 11 hektaar. Die kerk is in 1818 [Graigavine] opgerig, in die R. C. -afdelings is hierdie gemeente in die unie of distrik Mooncoin.

"Portnascully", of Portnescully, 'n gemeente, in die baronie Iverk, graafskap Kilkenny met 1084 inwoners. Dit is 'n pastorie, in die bisdom Ossory, wat deel uitmaak van die unie van Poleroan, die pastorie is onvanpas in die korporasie van Waterford. bevat die kapel van Carrigeen. Ongeveer 240 seuns word in twee privaatskole opgelei, daar is ook 'n Sondagskool.

& quotTubbrid & quot, of Tubrid, 'n gemeente, in die baronie Iverk, graafskap Kilkenny met 213 inwoners en bestaan ​​uit 980 statute acres, soos toegepas onder die tiendewet. Dit is 'n pastorie in die bisdom Ossory en vorm deel van die vakbond Fiddown. In die R. C. -afdelings is dit deel van die vakbond of distrik van Mooncoin. 'N Dagskool waarin ongeveer 100 kinders [langs die Kilnaspiese Kerk] onderrig word, word ondersteun deur bydraes van die pastoor en 'n Sondagskool word in die R.C. kapel.

Historiese aardrykskunde
Townlands (1851)

1821 Sensus en geslagsregister

Soos baie mense met 'n belangstelling in genealogie sou weet, is die vroegste volkome terugkeer in Ierland die sensus van 1901. Hierdie sensus is gratis beskikbaar op die Irish National Achieves -webwerf (die boeke oor die tiendes wat die hoofde van die meeste huishoudings in Mooncoin omstreeks 1830 bevat, is ook gratis beskikbaar -tiendes was 'n belasting op alle mense vir die instandhouding van die Protestantse Kerk in die staat tyd - dit word later as 'n onregverdige belasting beskou, aangesien meer as 85% van die bevolking Katoliek was).

Mooncoin -gemeente was egter verbysterend gelukkig met betrekking tot inligting wat uit vroeëre tellings herwin is. Eerstens is die agtergrond vir die voltooiing van die tellings in Ierse tellings elke 10 jaar vanaf 1821 geneem (1821 was die eerste amptelike sensus deur die Britse regering wat destyds Ierland regeer het). Baie mense vra dan, wat het van al die tellingsrekords van 1821-1891 geword? Die tellings van 1861 en 1871 is doelbewus deur die regering vernietig kort nadat al die data ontleed is. Die tellings van 1881 en 1891 is tydens die Eerste Wêreldoorlog deur die Britse regering deur die Britse regering gesteel weens 'n tekort aan papier destyds. Die oorgrote meerderheid van die oorblywende sensus -uittreksels is tydens die Ierse burgeroorlog in Junie 1922 vernietig toe die vier howe in Dublin verbrand is. Die Ierse rekordkantoor was in dieselfde kompleks geleë en meer as 1000 jaar se geskiedenis is destyds ook verbrand.

Soos reeds gesê, was die gemeente Mooncoin baie gelukkig (in vergelyking met baie gebiede van Ierland) met betrekking tot die oorlewing van die vorige tellings

1841/1851: Die enigste transkripsies met betrekking tot die hele County Kilkenny wat oorleef het vanaf die tellings van 1841/51, is die dorpe Aglish en Portnahully (te sien in die nasionale genealogiese sentrum, Kildare St, Dublin 2).

1831: Die enigste transkripsies met betrekking tot die hele graafskap Kilkenny wat van die sensus van 1831 oorleef het, is die dorpe Aglish, Clonmore, Kilmacow, Pol (e) rone, Rathkieran en Tybroughney (te sien in die National Library, Kildare St, Dublin 2) .

1821: Vir die sensus van 1821 bestaan ​​daar 'n volledige volledige transkripsie van die sensus vir die Parish of Mooncoin. Weereens, Mooncoin is baie gelukkig, aangesien 'n man by die naam Edmond Walsh Kelly (wie se familie afkomstig was uit Glengrant en Licketstown (Carrigeen)), wat 'n belangstelling in genealogie gehad het, die oorspronklike sensus van 1821 vir die plaaslike omgewing getranskribeer het voordat dit vernietig is in 1922 (hy is ook verantwoordelik vir die ander sensusafskrifte hierbo genoem). Die transkripsies van die sensus is later in 1976 deur sy niggie Kathleen Kelly (Tramore) gekopieer, wat dit vir publikasie beskikbaar gestel het. Hierdie afskrifte word almal in die National Library of Ireland gestoor en staan ​​bekend as die 'Walsh-Kelly-notaboeke' (GO MS 684). Hierdie sensus is die eerste keer gepubliseer in die boek 'Mooncoin - 1650-1977'.
Aangesien die sensus van 1821 die eerste in sy soort was, sou die inligting minder gedetailleerd gewees het as vandag. Die transkripsies van die sensus van 1821 is hieronder beskikbaar. Klik net op die spesifieke dorp om die opgawe oop te maak. Let wel: die gelyste persoon is 'n seun of dogter van die hoof van die huishouding, tensy anders vermeld.


Family Roots / Mooncoin Genealogie

Baie mense het oor die jare uit die gemeente Mooncoin geëmigreer. Hier is 'n paar advies wanneer u voorouers probeer opspoor

-Versamel soveel stewig inligting moontlik, is dit uiters belangrik, bv. ongeveer die datums toe julle voorouers Mooncoin verlaat het. Net so is die stad wat die persoon vandaan kom, baie belangrik. Dit is nie genoeg om te weet dat u voorouer afkomstig is van Kilkenny (!) Of selfs van Mooncoin nie. Die spesifieke dorpsgebied is baie belangrik (bv. Dournane). Dit is veral belangrik as u voorouer 'n baie algemene naam gehad het, soos Walsh, Delahunty of Mackey, wat baie gewild is in die omgewing. Die tradisie in Ierland was ook die naam van die eerste seun na die grootvader van die vader en die eerste dogter na die moeder van die vader. Die tweede seun/dogter is toe van moederskant af genoem. As 'n oupa 'n groot gesin het, kan baie van sy kleinkinders dieselfde naam hê as hyself! Daarom is datums baie belangrik. Dit is byvoorbeeld ook die rede waarom daar deur die jare soveel Michael, Patrick, John en Richard Walsh's van Mooncoin was! Dit help ook, as ons nie die naam van die vorige generasies presies weet nie, kan ons 'n raai maak wanneer ons ondersoek, deur die name van die oudste kleinkinders te vergelyk.
Wees ook versigtig vir spellingveranderings in name oor die jare. Baie mense wat na Amerika geëmigreer het, kon nie lees of skryf nie, sodat amptenare aan die Amerikaanse kant die naam dikwels foneties gespel het. Dit is waarskynlik vererger deur die aksent van die Iere! Byvoorbeeld, Henebery, wat steeds 'n gewilde naam in die omgewing is, het deur die jare Henneberry, Henebery, Henebry en ook 'n Amerikaanse weergawe Hanabery (wat waarskynlik beskadig is soos hierbo gedefinieer), baie variasies gehad. Dieselfde kan gesê word oor die plaaslike dorpe, hulle het oor die jare aansienlik (meestal afgekort) van spelling verander, bv. Polerone was Polleroan. Kilnaspic was Killinaspic (probeer dus 'n aantal kombinasies as u soek).

-One of the best, and freely available sources of information is the 1901 and 1911 censuses of Ireland (from the national achieves of Ireland website). Also, on this Mooncoin website, the census of 1821 for the parish is published (above), which we are very fortunate to have surviving.

-Civil records the vast majority of Births, Deaths and Marriages were recorded in Ireland from 1864 for Catholics and 1844 for peoples of the Church of Ireland faith. These are available from www.irishgenealogy.ie.

-Catholic Church records these are very important as they predate the civil records. In Mooncoin's case, genealogists are very lucky once again, as most marriages and births from 1779 onwards are recorded (Mooncoin was ahead of its time as many parishes did not do this for many years after). These are available from the National Library of Ireland website.

-Other sources include Griffiths Valuation (cir 1850) which is freely available online. This was a land survey but recorded the head of each landowning household in the parish. Likewise, many genealogy websites have records (for a fee) of ship passengers who emigrated from Ireland. These would include the address where the person was travelling from and going to.

The Rev. Carrigan's history of Mooncoin

A volume of books called "The History and Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory" (1905) by the Rev William Carrigan (d 1924), has become the de facto reference when completing any type of research or study about Kilkenny. The books (in four volumes) were the result of fives years work by a local priest William Carrigan who was born in Ballyfoyle Co Kilkenny and have a thorough breakdown of the history of Kilkenny villages.

The books are no longer in print but are available in local libraries. Also, priests ordinated in the diocese of Ossory received the books as a gift on their ordination.

Click the link below to read extracts from "The History and Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory" that are specific to Mooncoin

Mooncoin Extracts from Carrigans Book (volume 4)

Sinnott's Cross Ambush

A Black and Tan ambush occurred at Sinnott's Cross, Tubrid (at the Piltown end of Clogga) during the Irish war of independence(1919-1921), on the 18th June 1921. At this time Ireland was under the control of the British Empire and many of the people of Ireland rebelled against their control to try and gain Independence. Michael Collins (nationalist icon from Cork), along with Richard Mulcahy, were the main driving forces behind the Irish Independence movement after 1918. Michael Collins was the IRA Director of Intelligence and was actively involved in providing funds and arms to the IRA units that needed them. In early 1921 Michael Collins sent a dictate to the commanders in Kilkenny City ordering them to proceed with ambushes and other activities in County Kilkenny. The reason for Michael Collins anguish was the fact that a lot of the British army resources, including the Black and Tans, were being focused on Cork, Tipperary and Dublin. So Collins needed the Crown Forces to start spreading their resources more widely, so to take the pressure off other areas. In this vicinity, most of the activities during the War of Independence were focused in west Kilkenny (with the 7th Kilkenny Battalion in Callan being the most active). In light of this order by Collins and others in high command in Kilkenny, an ambush occurred near Sinnott's Cross, Mooncoin, in June 1921.

It is with great credit to these Mooncoin men that they actually proceeded with an ambush. It would have been easy and less dangerous to do nothing and wait for others to do the 'dirty work'. But these local men felt it was right and the most just thing to do. They had nothing to gain in the short term, but perhaps had a lot to lose. These losses could have included their farms, their jobs, their freedom or their own lives. This was because Marshall law was running in Kilkenny at this time in 1921 which meant they could be executed without trial. In fairness to these Mooncoin men, they were quite ordinary people. They did want war or killing. Sometimes its hard for people to understand the need for this by looking through the lens of the Ireland today. But it was because of their sacrifice that we now live in a thriving Republic with its own parliament, culture and identity.

Now just to set the national scene as it was in June 1921 when the Sinnott's Cross ambush occurred. The country was in turmoil for nearly two years at this stage due to the 'Tan War' as it was called, or what we now call the Irish War of Independence. People in Mooncoin would have been glued to the daily newspapers. And in general, the tide of sympathy was turning towards the Irish revolutionaries even from people that would previous have had moderate views. If we flash back just 8 months before the Sinnott's Cross ambush, the world was following with bated breath to Terence MacSwinney's hunger strike in England. His subsequent death was an international sensation reaching the front pages in the U.K. and America. Then just a few weeks later (7 months before Sinnott's Cross), the Croke Park Massacre occurred. This was a response to Michael Collins's assassination of British detectives. Then to make matters worse, the Black and Tans burnt down Cork city centre, just 6 months before Sinnott's Cross. As a quick summary, the Black and Tans were a mercenary force setup by the British. They basically had a licence to 'do what they liked' with no repercussions from their superiors. History would show that this backfired badly on the British, as the majority of people that were affected by the Black and Tans were law abiding, innocent people. The Black and Tans enemy was basically all Irish people which is why they burned down creameries and farmhouses or killed innocent people without trial. This ironically was beneficial to Michael Collins and the leaders as people really started backing them. That was their downfall.

To provoke the Black and Tans to come to Clogga the local IRA men broke into and stole objects from the local landlord who lived near the mill. The Landlord reported this and this caused the Black and Tans to come to Clogga. Also, the previous year (1920), Piltown Courthouse was burnt down. Pat 'the fox' Walsh (Richtén Walsh's later Swithin Walshs) of Clogga was the leader that day.

At a turn on the road, very near Sinnott's Cross, the local IRA members waited and then ambushed the Black and Tans killing one and injuring another. The Black and Tans did not know who committed the attack and vowed to "burn every house in Clogga to the ground". But thanks to the local miller, this did not happen. The miller at the time, Mennell, was from England and told the Black and Tans that it was an outside unit of the IRA. The Black and Tans trusted him and so did not harm anyone in Clogga.

It is important to highlight the fact that all men that took part that day were from the Mooncoin area. They came from all different walks of life, big and small farmers,labourers, shop keepers etc. They put their own life's and their families lives at risk to fight for a cause in which they truly believed in. There was no financial or other rewards, but the sacrifices could have been huge. It would have been a lot easier not have taken part but they obviously believed strongly enough to do so.


In Limbo

Tyrrell is a common Irish surname but as with so many others, its origin is Anglo-Norman. At a date around the 1170s Hugh Tyrel (or Tirrell) came to this country and acquired the Barony of Fertullagh, County Westmeath running to some 39,000 acres, as well as land in Castleknock closer to Dublin. The Tyrrells thereafter flourished, in part because like so many others of their ilk they gradually became integrated with the indigenous population. The best-remembered member of the family is Captain Richard Tyrrell who in July 1597 defeated a superior force of English soldiers at a place in Westmeath thereafter known as Tyrrellspass. The Berminghams likewise were a Norman family, the first of whom Richard de Bermingham came to Ireland in the 1170s. Initially they settled in County Galway but also became established further east. Thomas Bermingham, the last Baron of Athenry and Earl of Louth died without a male heir in 1799 and with his death the main branch came to an end. More than half a century earlier, the Tyrrells and the Berminghams had coincided when in 1735 Walter Bermingham sold Grange Castle, County Kildare to Thomas Tyrrell.





Today set in the midst of a series of stone enclosures Grange Castle is most likely a 15th century tower house, one of a number of defensive properties built by the Berminghams in this part of the country, not least nearby Carrick Castle, which is earlier in date but now in poorer condition. Grange has survived better no doubt because it remained in use as a domestic residence. In addition, at some date in the late 16th/early 17th century it was modernised, as can be seen by the larger window openings, the tall chimney stacks (indicating an increased number of hearths) and the ornamental crenellations around the roofline. Further improvements appear to have occurred not long after the castle was acquired by the Tyrrells when a single storey house was added to the immediate west. Linked to the castle at the rear, this evidently contained the main reception rooms, with the older section presumably being utilised as sleeping quarters. The main point of access was through the house, via a fine carved limestone doorcase, its pediment containing the Tyrrell coat of arms and their motto Veritas Via Vitae (a variant of Christ’s words in St John’s Gospel, ‘I am the way, the truth and the life.’).





Grange Castle remained in the ownership of the Tyrrells until 1988 when responsibility for the mediaeval structure was handed over to the state. However the later house, and surrounding outbuildings remain in the ownership of the family. In the mid-1990s a charitable trust was established to restore the property with the intention that it be opened to the public. Over the course of several years a considerable amount of work was undertaken to improve both house and grounds. However in 2003 this enterprise came to a close and it appears that ever since the place has sat empty, and a prey to vandals. The castle itself is secure, the only access being via a locked door to the rear of the house. The latter however is easily accessed and accordingly has suffered some despoliation. At the same time the damage is not so grave to render the project beyond re-activation, and perhaps this will occur. For the moment Grange Castle appears to be in limbo.


Strategies for playing Midnight Castle

When you are doing a round of HOS do you pause to collect all 3 morphing flowers before going to the next scene?

I'm happy if I get 2. It seems like they'll morph as I'm clicking to go to another room. I've found I can go back into the room (even after doing a HOS) and it will still be there for me to snap up.

Do you play the new HOS scenes quickly or do you play them slowly so they don’t level up so soon?

In my main game, at first quickly, then slooowly, then quickly again. As other players have said, you get more coin in the longer wait times.

In my second game, I use wands to collect the six objects for 6,000 + 3,100 for time and use 6 wands.

How many rounds of HOS do you usually complete a day? In my main game I only play what i have to. In my second game I don't have much open and play rounds, don't keep track.

Do you feed pets as soon as food is available or do you wait for a Daily Quest that requires feeding pets?

I was feeding right away, but now am saving up food.

Do you ever use diamonds to bring the Airship back early so you can send it more often than every 4 hours?

Do you play the Game Table every 12 hours? Do you have any strategy for which character to play and when?

Main game yes, second game didn't even open it.

Do you have a limit that you will not go beyond when spinning the Fortune Wheel?

Main game 300, but have spent more on occasion. 2nd game only the freebie!

When doing quests, do you read what the character says at the top of the quest before and after the quest? (I often forget to do this and lose parts of the story line.)

How many games of Midnight Castle do you have as different players?

How do you keep your pointer finger or wrist in shape?

Don't have that problem. My shoulder gets sore.

Statistics: Main / 2nd
Level and tasks? 28 lvl 775 quests / 15 227
Time spent playing? 12d 6h 44m / 2d 12h 30m
Flowers collected? 12,224 / 2726
HOS completed? 4,835 / 1179
Achievements? 67 / 37
Pets? 10 / 2 xmas 2 regular

Do you have any other tips for players?

You can scroll through the vertical list of friends and click on them to go to them in the horizontal list. And the scroll wheel on the mouse has saved my pointer finger.

Re:Strategies for playing Midnight Castle

Currently, I am on level 25 and have 26 HOS. It took me 37 minutes to run through them today.

I usually get at least 2 flowers, sometimes too impatient to wait for the third.

I never seem to be ready to quit when I've run through all the HOS so I run back to those new ones because they don't take an hour to become available again. When I open a new area and have a few HOS that are not built up, I start my "rounds" with them and catch them again at the end.

How many rounds of HOS do you usually complete a day? It depends a lot on how busy I am. Right now I'm getting in a lot of play because I got sick - a cold that's threatening to turn into a sinus infection. I have a lot of time on my hands right now but that's going to dry up when I get my health back.

Do you feed pets as soon as food is available or do you wait for a Daily Quest that requires feeding pets? The thought of pets going hungry is too strong for me to do anything but feed them as soon as I can. Silly, isn't it?

Do you ever use diamonds to bring the Airship back early so you can send it more often than every 4 hours? Geen.

Do you play the Game Table every 12 hours? Do you have any strategy for which character to play and when? I play the characters that have items, then finish the round trying for coin. I haven't acquired the achievements for winning items and coins yet so I play whenever I can. Also, I haven't had the opportunity to play the dragon.

Do you have a limit that you will not go beyond when spinning the Fortune Wheel? It depends a lot on how much I have and what's on the wheel. It took me a while to figure out why coins matter.

When doing quests, do you read what the character says at the top of the quest before and after the quest? ja

How many games of Midnight Castle do you have as different players? 1

How do you keep your pointer finger or wrist in shape? (mine is sore) I use a cordless trackball mouse. I never have any discomfort. I love it.

Statistiek:
What level are you on and how many tasks have you completed? 25, 623 quests
How much time have you spent playing? 7d 11h 42 min
How many flowers have you collected? 1461
How many HOS completed? 4056
How many achievements? 58
How many pets? 4

Do you have any other tips for players? The best thing I've done for my game is to read the forums. Thank you all so much for posting. I've been a slow learner, stumbling through the game, until I found the forum and started reading.


Return to Rosthwaite

The Cumbria Way leaves the river after a short distance and beings to ascend slightly, before taking you through a gap in a boundary wall. You will then reach a junction where you will need to turn left (it is signposted for Rosthwaite). You will pass a large cave during this section of the walk that is worth viewing. You will eventually reach a gate that you will need to go through, and the track then follows the River Derwent back to the stone bridge that you crossed at the beginning of the walk just outside of Rosthwaite.


Who Was H. H. Holmes?

H. H. Holmes was born Herman Webster Mudgett in New Hampshire in 1861. As an adult, he abandoned his young wife and child in 1885 to move to Illinois. Once there, he changed his name to Holmes, reportedly as an homage to the fictional English detective Sherlock Holmes, the literary creation of author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

Soon after his arrival in the Chicago area, Holmes took up work at a pharmacy located near Jackson Park. Eight years later, Jackson Park would become the site of the 1893 World’s Fair.

The Columbian Exposition, as it was called, was designed by some of America’s leading architects, including Frederick Law Olmstead, and included exhibits from more than 40 countries.

The event attracted more than 27 million visitors to Chicago, an incredible number considering the limited transportation options of the time. Holmes took advantage of some of the many visitors to the city, including young women who came to Chicago for jobs at the fairgrounds.


The Most Endearing of All Castles in Dublin: Drimnagh Castle

The grey-limestone Drimnagh Castle is another of the smaller castles in Dublin. It’s located three miles from the city centre within the suburb of the same name. It, too, has a claim to fame as it’s been featured repeatedly in the TV series The Tudors.

As Seen in The Tudors: Some sections depicting the rooms of Hever Castle were shot in the innards of Drimnagh and the steps leading into its moat were used to depict ‘Traitor’s Gate’ in the Tower of London.

Drimnagh in black and white. (Robynlou Kavanagh) CC-BY-2.0.

Drimnagh (pronounced Drim-Na) is an interesting little spot, and it dates from Norman times. It was built in the early 1200s, and was the home of the de Berneval family, although it passed into the hands of other nobles. It came close to being demolished back in 1986, and was narrowly saved from destruction by conservationist Peter Pearson.

The castle has an impressive, beamed, Great Hall and the entrance is through a grandiose front gate – a perfect arch topped by three tall windows. However, the feature that makes Drimnagh so special is its peaceful moat, which surrounds 2/3 of the castle. The moat is naturally fed by the nearby stream.

It’s an easy trip from the centre of Dublin city and is being extensively restored – but it isn’t really a major tourist attraction (it’s adjacent to a noisy all-boy’s school). However, the guides are knowledgable, the castle is interesting, and it is surrounded by lovely, well cared for c17th gardens, filled with delicate clipped hedges and a tweeting dovecote.


Grange Castle Co Kildare

Above Image: A boundary wall entrance from the estate.

Above Image: A walled garden entrance

Above Image: A view from the overgrown garden

Above Image: What appears to be part of a mill wheel

Above Image: Part of the abandoned visitor centre


We have spent quite a bit of time in the Kildare/Offaly border area visiting among others Carrick Castle and Blundell Castle (See earlier posts here & here) and we were informed of on one trip of another De Bermingham Castle called Grange. This Castle lay fairly close to Carrick so we diverted to take a look.
Grange Castle is a tower house constructed in 1460 by the aforementioned De Berminghams and is admired for its ornate battlements and chimneys which were added to the original structure in the 1600's. The Castle remained in De Bermingham hands until 1735 when it was sold to the Tyrell family who held ownership until 1988. It was then passed to the OPW by Robert Tyrell. The lands are held by the Tyrell trust who received grants to help restore the Castle to its former glory. Unfortunately any further plans were abandoned in 2003 even though a lot of restorative work had been carried out including restoration of the great hall inside and the addition of a visitor tearoom and an office. The trust had tourism in mind but alas it now lies abandoned and is unfortunately looking as if it might return to its semi ruinous state.
We found entry by a field gate on the western perimeter of the estate and this seemed the best way to approach as the gate on the northern end was further away from the Castle. There was no distinct pathway so we just followed the direction of the Tower until we came across and entrance way to it. It is partly surrounded by more modern buildings one being a 19th century house. I was surprised to see glass in some of the windows as I was expecting more of a ruin. At this point, although there were no prohibitive signs, we began to wonder if anybody was occupying any of the adjacent buildings, security guards or such, as we were unaware initially on our visit that it had undergone some restoration. It didn't take long to realise that it was in fact abandoned and had been for some time.
We peered through the window of one of the ancillary buildings to see if there was any access but there was just debris strewn around. Many of the windows have been broken and interiors tampered with, signs of the mindless vandalism that abandoned buildings tend to attract. We walked around the area and found further outbuildings one containing some bags of plaster left over presumably from the restoration work. The gardens which look as if some landscaping had taken place are now overgrown including a very wild walled garden with an arched entrance. I've often seen a great castle and it's land in latter ruination but it was interesting to witness what it looks like in its onset.
The Tower itself is to my eyes magnificent and still holds a lot of its charm. It is very slightly marred by the derelict buildings adjacent but its architecture is so unusual to the general tower house types that it is definitely worth the time to seek it out. It would be nice to get a chance to see inside but with its large padlocked gate it doesn't look like this will be anytime soon.
To find Grange Castle take the R401 out of Edenderry and about 4KM along the road you will spot the ruins of Carrick Castle on your right. About 250m past the ruins there is a left hand turn It has Grange Castle signposted. Follow this narrow road until you reach a T-Junction. Turn left and about 100m down the road you will find a field gate angled away from the road. It is possible to park on the grass margin in front of the gate. Once over the gate use the Tower as a guide to head in the right direction