USS Gamble (DM-15), c.1940

USS Gamble (DM-15), c.1940


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U.S. Destroyers: An Illustrated Design History, Norman Friedmann. Die standaardgeskiedenis van die ontwikkeling van Amerikaanse vernietigers, van die vroegste torpedobootvernietigers tot die naoorlogse vloot, en dek die massiewe klasse vernietigers wat vir beide Wêreldoorloë gebou is. Gee die leser 'n goeie begrip van die debatte wat elke klas vernietigers omring het en tot hul individuele kenmerke gelei het.


Peter Gamble is gebore op 5 November 1793 in Bordentown, New Jersey. Hy is op 16 Januarie 1809 aangestel as die kaptein en dien op Thomas Macdonough se vlagskip USS Saratoga in die Slag van Lake Champlain. Hy is in aksie dood terwyl hy op 11 September 1814 sy geweer gesien het. Macdonough betreur die verlies van Gamble en prys sy dapperheid in aksie.

John M. Gamble was die broer van Peter Gamble en behaal die rang van Brevet luitenant -kolonel in die United States Marine Corps.

Waagstuk is op 11 Mei 1918 van stapel gestuur deur die Newport News Shipbuilding & amp; Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia, geborg deur juffrou Evelyn H. Jackson, 'n familielid van die sekretaris van die vloot Josephus Daniels. Die skip is op 29 November 1918 in gebruik geneem by Norfolk.

Na afgeskudde opleiding uit die Virginia Capes, Waagstuk het op 13 Januarie 1919 uit New York geseil om deel te neem aan maneuvers van Cuba Key West, Florida en die kus van New England tot Junie 1919. Na die opknapping by Norfolk het sy op 7 Augustus 1919 by die Pacific Fleet aangesluit en langs die Stille Oseaan opereer. kus totdat dit in die reservaatstatus in die Mare Island Navy Yard geplaas is 1 Desember 1919. In Oktober 1920 het sy uit die reservaat gekom en die vloot gehelp in die torpedopraktyk wat met die Slagmag bestuur is en langs die kus van Kalifornië gery het as 'n opleidingsskip vir reserviste. Sy het op 17 Junie 1922 by San Diego ontmantel.

Waagstuk hergebruik op 24 Mei 1930, is op 13 Junie herklassifiseer (DM-15) en omskep in 'n ligte mynlaag by die Mare Island Navy Yard. By die westelike kus in Pearl Harbor aangekom, word sy in Julie 1930 die vlagskip van Mine Squadron 2 en dien later as vlagskip van Mine Division 1, Mine Squadron 1. Sy patrolleer Hawaïese waters wat vlootreserviste onderrig in mynoorlog en tree op as vliegtuigwag en radio spoorsnyer vir seevliegtuie, wat elke jaar deelneem aan vlootgereedheid en vlootprobleme totdat sy terugkeer na San Diego waar sy op 22 Desember 1937 uit diens gestel word. Op 25 September 1939 hergebruik toe Europa in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog gedompel is, het sy by mynafdeling 5 aangesluit in patrollie en skoolskap. pligte uit San Francisco. In April 1941 gaan sy na Pearl Harbor vir 'n patrollie in oorlogsgereedheid in Hawaise waters as 'n eenheid van mynafdeling 2.

Tweede Wêreldoorlog Wysig

Op 7 Desember 1941 het Waagstuk het teruggekeer van die buitelandse patrollie toe haar vreedsame roetine gebreek is deur die eerste van die Japanse vliegtuie wat gebaseer was op die Amerikaanse skip wat Amerikaanse skepe in die hawe aangeval het. Waagstuk se kanonniers het by die vuur van ander oorlogskepe aangesluit en gesien hoe 'n vyandelike vliegtuig op haar hawe -balk in die water val. Na die aanval het sy 'n patrolliestasie teen die duikboot in die skerm van die vliegdekskip geneem Onderneming, en het later die naderings na Pearl Harbor bewaak. In die middel van Februarie 1942 vertrek sy suidwaarts in die begeleiding na 'n konvooi na Pago Pago, Samoa, waarna sy aansluit Ramsay om 'n beskermende mynveld van Tutuila af te lê. Einde Maart het die twee mynlae na die Fidji -eilande verskuif om van 7 tot 14 April 'n mynveld in die Nadi -waters te lê. Terug na Pearl Harbor vir 'n swaarder bewapening, Waagstuk het gehelp om konvooie na Midway te beskerm tydens die belangrike en historiese stryd, en daarna suidwaarts gegaan Breese en Tracy om 'n verdedigende mynveld voor die ingang van Tweede kanaal, Espiritu Santo, Nieu -Hebrides -eilande, te lê.

Op 27 Augustus 1942 het Waagstuk het aangesluit by 'n taak -eenheid na Guadalcanal. Alhoewel die ou vaartuig as 'n vernietiger-mynlaag aangewys is, het dit steeds antisubmarine-toerusting gehad. Op die oggend van 29 Augustus, toe haar uitkykpunte 'n groot vyandelike duikboot sien, het sy dadelik in aksie oorgegaan. Na verskeie diepte -aanvalle, Waagstuk hardloop deur groot olievlekke, vind plankplank en sien hoe 'n groot lugborrel die oppervlak breek. Later is haar slagoffer geïdentifiseer as Ek-123, wie se sterwende radio 'onder swaar vyandelike aanval' aangedui het. Die middag het sy voluit na Nura -eiland gegaan, waar sy vier gestrande vlieëniers uit die vliegdekskip gered het Saratoga. Sy het voortgegaan om te help met die stryd om Guadalcanal, en sy het op 31 Augustus 158 mariniers na die eiland vervoer, patrolleer van Lunga -paaie af, en het daarna op 5 September gehelp met die bevryding William Ward Burrows en het haar begelei na Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides Islands. Haar patrollie, begeleiding en vervoerdiens het voortgegaan terwyl die rit na Guadalcanal tot die oorwinning voortgeduur het.

Vyf minute na middernag op 6 Mei 1943, Waagstuk, met Preble en Breese, draai gelyktydig in reënbuie wat soms breek om mekaar in perfekte vorm aan mekaar bekend te maak. Elke skip het 15 knope (28 km/h) elke 12 sekondes 'n myn laat val en meer as 250 myne in 17 minute oor die Blackettstraat, die westelike ingang van die Kula -golf, geplant en direk in die gunstelingroete van die Japannese "Tokyo Express". Die skepe het daarna noord gery om by die beskermende skerm van agter-admiraal Walden L. Ainsworth se kruiser-vernietiger-krag aan te sluit voordat hulle by Tulagi gevul het. In die nag van 7/8 Mei het vier Japannese vernietigers die gemynde waters binnegekom. Een, Kuroshio, het afgegaan, twee ander, Oyashio en Kagerō, is erg beskadig en het hulpgeroepe gestuur Michishio na die toneel. Vliegtuie, wat deur 'n kuswagter gewaarsku is, het die reddingsoperasie onderskep, die twee vernietigers laat sink en gestuur Michishio mank terug na die hawe, erg beskadig.

Op 30 Junie 1943, tydens die inval in New Georgia, Waagstuk 'n string myne van die strandkop gelê, voordat hy teruggekeer het na Tulagi. In Julie het verwelkomingsopdragte haar teruggestuur na die Verenigde State vir opknapping. Sy het weer op 20 September 1943 na die weste gegaan. Haar mynopdragte het haar van 1–2 November 1943 na keiserin Augustabaai gebring om die landingsoperasies Bougainville Straat, 7–8 November Purvisbaai, Florida -eiland, 23–24 November te ondersteun, vandaar na die Nuwe Hebrides -eilande vir begeleiding onder die Solomons totdat sy op 12 Oktober 1944 na San Francisco teruggekeer het.

Na opknapping en opknapping, Waagstuk vertrek op 7 Januarie 1945 uit San Diego, op pad via Hawaii en die Marshalls na Iwo Jima waar sy op 17 Februarie aankom, om vuursteun te verleen aan die verskillende vee -eenhede en om drywende myne te ontplof. Tydens haar beskieting het 'n regstreekse treffer op 'n ammunisie -storting die vyandelike tydskrif aan die voet van die berg Surabachi ontplof.

Lotbewerking

Op 18 Februarie 1945 het Waagstuk is net bokant die waterlyn deur twee bomme van 113 kg getref. Beide vuurkamers het onmiddellik oorstroom en sy is dood in die water met twee gate in haar bodem, terwyl alle hande bestrydende brande bestry het, die gewig van die bokant gestamp het en beskadigde skote gestort het. Vyf mans is dood, een vermis in aksie en agt gewond. Terwyl mariniers die volgende dag op die oewers van Iwo Jima storm, Waagstuk is op sleeptou geneem deur Dorsey, wat haar oorgegee het na LSM-126 vir deurgang na Saipan. Sy het op 24 Februarie by Saipan aangekom en saamgegaan Hamul vir herstel.

'N Paar hoop het gebly Waagstuk vir 'n lang tyd, maar op 1 Junie 1945 het sy buite werking gestel, en op 16 Julie is sy buite die hawe van Apra, Guam gesleep en gesink.


Trigger of Fuzes

Die eerste myn wat deur die VSA ontwerp is, die Mark 5, was van die "Horned" tipe. Horings is gemaak van sagte metaal, soos lood, en bevat 'n glasampul wat batterysuur bevat, gewoonlik kaliumbikromaat. Die onderste punt van die horing bevat 'n elektriese battery minus die elektroliet. Kontak met die horing het die suurhouer oopgebreek en die battery opgewek, wat dan 'n platinumdraad in 'n kwik -volumineerde ontsteker verhit en sodoende die myn ontplof het. Per definisie was dit 'n wapen met 'n beperkte reikwydte, en velde moes dig verpak word om effektief te wees teen versending. Sulke nabygeleë velde het egter die risiko loop dat een myn aangrensende myne as broederlike dood sou aflê.

Die "K-pistool" van die Mark 6 het 'n koperantenne gebruik wat opwaarts gestrek het tot net onder die oppervlak. Dit is met 'n relais verbind aan 'n koperplaat aan die buitekant van die myn. Seewater het gedien as die elektroliet van 'n battery wat gevorm sou word wanneer 'n skip met 'n staalromp die antenna nader en raak. Die stroom wat deur die antenna loop, het die aflos bedryf en die myn ontplof. Met hierdie metode kon elke myn 'n groter gebied dek, wat beteken dat minder myne vir 'n gegewe gebied as met die horingtipe gebruik kan word. In moderne terme het die "K" -apparaat die Underwater Electric Potential (UEP) -effek benut.

Magnetiese snellers is oorspronklik slegs op grondmyne (onder) gebruik. Dit is omdat, as hulle vasgemeer was, die verandering van die magnetiese veld, namate hulle met die gety opstaan ​​en val, dit sou veroorsaak. Teen die einde van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog is 'n sneller ontwikkel wat die totale veld rondom die myn gemeet het. Hierdie toestel het die velde so bygevoeg dat die getye dit nie beïnvloed het nie.

Akoestiese myne meet die geluid van sekere frekwensies, gewoonlik dié van propeller-, enjin- en sonargeluide.

Drukdetektor fuzes meet die drukgolf wat veroorsaak word deur 'n skip wat deur die water beweeg. Dit is gelyktydig ontwikkel deur beide Duitsland en die VSA tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, maar albei het dit nie gebruik nie uit vrees dat die tegnologie deur die ander kant vasgevang sou word. Hulle is die eerste keer gebruik in die geveg van die strande in Normandië en is teen die einde van die oorlog baie gebruik teen die Japannese tuiseilande.


Amerikaanse vloot Minecraft

1 x mynlaag (CM)

USS Miantonomah (CM-10) het op 25 September 1944 by 'n myn by Le Havre, Frankryk, gesink.

2 x Light Mine -laag (DM)

USS Gamble (DM-15) wat deur vliegtuigbomme by Iwo Jima, Vulkaaneilande, 18 Februarie 1945 beskadig is en van Saipan, Mariana-eilande, op 16 Julie 1945 afgeskakel is.

USS Montgomery (DM-17) geskrap nadat dit op 17 Oktober 1944 deur 'n myn by Palau, Caroline-eilande beskadig is.

6 x mynveër, hoë snelheid (DMS)

USS Emmons (DMS-22) het gesink nadat dit op 6 April 1945 deur vyf Kamikaze-vliegtuie van Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, raakgery is.

USS Hovey (DMS-11) het gesink nadat dit op 6 Januarie 1945 deur Japannese vliegtuie in die Lingayen-golf, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande getorpedeer is.

USS Long (DMS-12) gesink deur Kamikaze-aanval in die Lingayen-golf, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande, 6 Januarie 1945.

USS Palmer (DMS-5) het op 7 Januarie 1945 deur Japannese vliegtuie in die Lingayen-golf, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande gesink.

USS Perry (DMS-17) het op 13 September 1944 by 'n myn by Palau, Caroline-eilande, gesink.

USS Wasmuth (DMS-15) het gesink deur ontploffing van dieptelade tydens storm by die Aleoetiese eilande, 29 Desember 1942.

15 x mynveër (AM)

USS Bittern (AM-36) Gesink deur vliegtuigbomme op Cavite, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande, 10 Desember 1941.

USS Finch (AM-9) het op 11 April 1942 deur Japannese vliegtuie van Corregidor, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande gesink.

USS Minivet (AM-371) het op 29 Desember 1945 deur 'n myn in die Tsushimastraat, Japan, gesink.

USS Osprey (AM-56) het op 5 Junie 1944 by 'n myn by Normandië, Frankryk, gesink.

USS Penguin (AM-33) wat op 8 Desember 1941 deur Japannese vliegtuie van Guam, Marianas-eilande, gesink is.

USS Portent (AM-106), gesink deur 'n myn voor Anzio, Italië, 22 Januarie 1944.

USS Kwartel (AM-15) het op 6 Mei 1942 van Corregidor, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande afgeskiet.

USS Salute (AM-294) wat op 8 Junie 1945 deur 'n myn by Brunei, Borneo, gesink is.

USS Sentinel (AM-113) het op 12 Julie 1943 deur Duitse vliegtuie van Licata, Sicilië, gesink.

USS Skill (AM-115) het gesink nadat dit op 25 September 1943 deur die Duitse duikboot U-593 suid van Capri, Italië, getorpeer is.

USS Skylark (AM-63) het op 28 Maart 1945 deur 'n myn voor Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, gesink.

USS Swallow (AM-65) het gesink nadat dit op 22 April 1945 deur 'n enkele Kamikaze-vliegtuig van Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, raakgery is.

USS Swerve (AM-121) het op 9 Julie 1944 by 'n myn by Anzio, Italië, gesink.

USS Tanager (AM-5) gesink deur strandbatterye van Corregidor, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande, 4 Mei 1942.

USS Tide (AM-125) het op 7 Junie 1944 by 'n myn by Normandië, Frankryk, gesink.

4 x mynveër, Coastal (AMc)

USS Bunting (AMc-7) het deur 'n botsing in San Francisco Bay, Kalifornië, 3 Junie 1942, gesink.

USS Crow (AMc-20) gesink deur onreëlmatige lopende vliegtuigtorpedo in Puget Sound, Washington, 23 Augustus 1943.

USS Hornbill (AMc-13) het gesink na botsing met die houtskoener Esther Johnson in San Francisco Bay, Kalifornië, 30 Junie 1942.

USS Valor (AMc-108) het in 'n botsing met USS Richard W. Suessens (DE-342) van Cuttyhunk Island, Buzzard's Bay, Massachusetts, op 29 Junie 1944 gesink.

25 x motormynveërs (YMS)

USS YMS-14 gesink in botsing in Boston-hawe, Massachusetts, 11 Januarie 1945.

USS YMS-19 gesink deur 'n myn voor Palau, Caroline-eilande, 24 September 1944.

USS YMS-21 gesink deur 'n myn by Toulon, Frankryk, 1 September 1944.

USS YMS-24 gesink deur 'n myn by St. Tropez, Frankryk, 15 Augustus 1944.

USS YMS-30 gesink deur 'n myn voor Anzio, Italië, 25 Januarie 1944.

USS YMS-39 gesink deur 'n myn voor Balikpapan, Filippynse Eilande, 26 Junie 1945.

USS YMS-48 het op 14 Februarie 1945 in die Manila-baai, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande gesink deur batterye.

USS YMS-50 gesink deur 'n myn voor Balikpapan, Filippynse Eilande, 18 Junie 1945.

USS YMS-70 gestig op 17 Oktober 1944 aan Leyte, Filippynse Eilande.

USS YMS-71 gesink deur 'n myn voor Brunei, Borneo, 3 April 1945.

USS YMS-84 het op 8 Julie 1945 deur 'n myn voor Balikpapan, Filippynse Eilande gesink.

USS YMS-98 het van 16 September 1945 af gesink van Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande.

USS YMS-103 gesink deur 'n myn buite Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 8 April 1945.

USS YMS-127 op 10 Januarie 1944 op die Aleoetiese eilande gesink.

USS YMS-133 gestig aan Coosbaai, Oregon, 21 Februarie 1943.

USS YMS-304 gesink deur 'n myn uit Normandië, Frankryk, 30 Julie 1944.

USS YMS-341 gesink van Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 16 September 1945.

USS YMS-350 het op 2 Julie 1944 by 'n myn by Normandië, Frankryk, gesink.

USS YMS-365 gesink deur 'n myn voor Balikpapan, Filippynse Eilande, 26 Junie 1945.

USS YMS-378 gesink deur 'n myn uit Normandië, Frankryk, 30 Julie 1944.

USS YMS-385 gesink deur 'n myn voor Ulithi, Caroline-eilande, 1 Oktober 1944.

USS YMS-409 gestig in die Noord-Atlantiese Oseaan, 12 September 1944.

USS YMS-421 gesink van Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 16 September 1945.

USS YMS-472 gesink van Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 16 September 1945.

USS YMS-481 gesink deur strandbatterye van Tarakan, Borneo, 2 Mei 1945.

Amerikaanse vlootpatrollieskepe

4 x kanonboot (PG)

USS Asheville (PG-21) gesink deur Japanse oorlogskepe suid van Java, Nederlands-Oos-Indië, 3 Maart 1942.

USS Erie (PG-50) getorpedeer deur die Duitse duikboot U-163 van Curacao-eiland, 12 November 1942, en omgeslaan terwyl hy gesleep was van Willemstad, Nederlandse Antille, 5 Desember 1942.

USS Plymouth (PG-57) het gesink nadat dit op 5 Augustus 1943 deur die Duitse duikboot U-566 langs Noord-Carolina getorpedeer is.

USS St. Augustine (PG-54) het gesink na 'n botsing met S.S. Camas Meadows buite Cape May, New Jersey, 6 Januarie 1944.

4 x motorbootboot (PGM)

USS PGM-7 het in 'n botsing in die Bismarcksee, 18 Julie 1944, gesink.

USS PGM-17 vernietig deur die aanranding van Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 4 Mei 1945.

USS PGM-18 gesink deur 'n myn buite Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 7 April 1945.

USS PGM-27 vernietig deur die grond tydens tyfoon in Bucknerbaai, Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 9 Oktober 1945.

1 x Arend (PE)

USS PE-56 gesink deur die Duitse duikboot U-853 voor Portland, Maine, 23 April 1945.

4 x River Gunboat (PR)

USS Luzon (PR-7) het op 6 Mei 1942 van Corregidor, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande afgestuur.

USS Mindanao (PR-8) het op 5 Mei 1942 deur Japannese vliegtuie van Corregidor, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande gesink.

USS Oahu (PR-6) het op 6 Mei 1942 van Corregidor, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande afgestuur.

USS Wake (PR-3) gevang in Sjanghai, China, 7 Desember 1941.

69 x Motor Torpedo Boot (PT)

PT-22 geskrap nadat dit erg beskadig is tydens 'n storm by Dora Harbour, Alaska, 11 Junie 1943.

PT-28 beskadig onherstelbaar tydens 'n storm by Dora Harbour, Alaska, 12 Januarie 1943.

PT-31 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, Subic Bay, Luzon, Filippynse eilande, 19 Januarie 1942.

PT-32 vernietig om vaslegging te voorkom, Tagauayan-eiland, Filippynse eilande, 13 Maart 1942.

PT-33 gegrond in vyandelike waters, 15 Desember 1941, en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, Kaap Santiago, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande, 26 Desember 1941.

PT-34 gesink deur Japannese vliegtuie wat aanval op Cauit-eiland, Cebu, Filippynse Eilande, 9 April 1942, gesink het.

PT-35 vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, Cebu City, Cebu, Filippynse Eilande, 12 April 1942.

PT-37 gesink deur die Japannese vernietiger Kawakaze by Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal, Salomonseilande, 1 Februarie 1943.

PT-41 is vernietig om te verhoed dat vang op die pad na Lake Lanao, Mindanao, Filippynse Eilande, 15 April 1942.

PT-43 wat deur Japannese oorlogskepe beskadig is, gestrand en vernietig is om te voorkom dat Guadalcanal, Salomonseilande, 11 Januarie 1943, gevange geneem word.

PT-44 vernietig deur Japannese oorlogskepe langs Guadalcanal, Salomonseilande, 12 Desember 1942.

PT-63 vernietig deur toevallige brand tydens brandstof in die hawe, Hamburgbaai, Emirau-eiland, 18 Junie 1944.

PT-67 verwoes deur toevallige brand tydens brandstof in die hawe, Tufi, Nieu-Guinee, 17 Maart 1943.

PT-68 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom naby Vincke Point, Nieu-Guinee, 1 Oktober 1943.

PT-73 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om vaslegging te voorkom, Baliquiasbaai, Mindoro, Filippynse eilande, 15 Januarie 1945.

PT-77 het per ongeluk gesink deur die USS Conyngham (DD-371) en USS Lough (DE-586) naby Talin Point, Luzon, Filippynse eilande, 1 Februarie 1945.

PT-79 het per ongeluk gesink deur die USS Conyngham (DD-371) en USS Lough (DE-586) naby Talin Point, Luzon, Filippynse eilande, 1 Februarie 1945.

PT-107 is deur 'n toevallige brand verwoes tydens die brandstof in die hawe, Hamburgbaai, Emirau-eiland, 18 Junie 1944.

PT-109 het gesink nadat hy deur die Japannese vernietiger Amigiri van Kolombangara-eiland, Blackettstraat, Salomonseilande, op 2 Augustus 1943 gestamp is.

PT-110 gesink na botsing in Ablingi Harbour, New Britain, 26 Januarie 1944.

PT-111 vernietig deur Japannese oorlogskepe buite Guadalcanal, Salomonseilande, 1 Februarie 1943.

PT-112 vernietig deur Japannese oorlogskepe langs Guadalcanal, Salomonseilande, 11 Januarie 1943.

PT-113 vernietig as gevolg van aarding, nie in vyandelike waters nie, Veale Reef, naby Tufi, Nieu-Guinee, 8 Augustus 1943.

PT-117 vernietig deur Japannese vliegtuigbomaanvalle, Rendova Harbour, Salomonseilande, 1 Augustus 1943.

PT-118 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om vaslegging te voorkom, buite Vella Lavella, Salomonseilande, 7 September 1943.

PT-119 vernietig deur brand in hawe, Tufi, Nieu-Guinee, 17 Maart 1943.

PT-121 vernietig deur Australiese vliegtuie, verkeerde identifikasie, Bangula Bay, New Britain, 27 Maart 1944.

PT-123 vernietig deur Japannese vliegtuigbomaanvalle, buite Guadalcanal, Salomonseilande, 1 Februarie 1943.

PT-133 vernietig deur Japannese walbatterye, naby Cape Pus, Nieu-Guinee, 15 Julie 1944.

PT-135 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, naby Crater Point, New Britain, 12 April 1944.

PT-136 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om opvang, Malai-eiland, Vitiazstraat, Nieu-Guinee, 17 September 1943 te voorkom.

PT-145 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, Mindiri, Nieu-Guinee, 4 Januarie 1944.

PT-147 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, Teliata Point, Nieu-Guinee, 20 November 1943.

PT-153 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, naby Munda Point, New Georgia, 4 Julie 1943.

PT-158 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om vaslegging te voorkom, naby Munda Point, New Georgia, 5 Julie 1943.

PT-164 vernietig deur Japannese vliegtuigbomaanvalle, Rendova-hawe, Salomonseilande, 1 Augustus 1943.

PT-165 verlore in transito, tenkwa getorpedeer deur die Japannese duikboot I-17, 100 myl suid van Noumea, Nieu-Caledonië, 24 Mei 1943.

PT-166 is per ongeluk vernietig deur die Amerikaanse weermag B-25 bomwerpers, verkeerde identifikasie, buite New Georgia, 20 Julie 1943.

PT-172 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om vaslegging te voorkom, buite Vella Lavella, Salomonseilande, 7 September 1943.

PT-173 in transito verlore, tenkwa getorpedeer deur die Japannese duikboot I-17, 100 myl suid van Noumea, Nieu-Caledonië, 24 Mei 1943.

PT-193 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, Noemfoor-eiland, Nieu-Guinee, 25 Junie 1944.

PT-200 verloor ná botsing, 22 Februarie 1944, buite Newport, Rhode Island, en sak op 23 Februarie 1944.

PT-202 vernietig deur vyandelike myn, by Point Aygulf, Frankryk, Middellandse See, 16 Augustus 1944.

PT-218 vernietig deur vyandelike myn, by Point Aygulf, Frankryk, Middellandse See, 16 Augustus 1944.

PT-219 in storm beskadig en geskrap, naby Attu, Aleoeten-eilande, 14 September 1943.

PT-239 vernietig deur brand in hawe, Lambu Lambu, Vella Lavella, Salomonseilande, 14 Desember 1943.

PT-247 vernietig deur Japannese walbatterye, buite Bougainville, Salomonseilande, 5 Mei 1944.

PT-251 vernietig deur Japannese walbatterye, buite Bougainville, Salomonseilande, 26 Februarie 1944.

PT-279 verloor in botsing, buite Bougainville, Salomonseilande, 11 Februarie 1944.

PT-283 beskadig deur Japannese walbatterye of 'n wilde skoot van die Amerikaanse oorlogskip, 18 Maart 1944, en sak op Bougainville, Salomonseilande, op 19 Maart 1944.

PT-300 vernietig deur Kamikaze-aanval, Mindoro, Filippynse Eilande, 18 Desember 1944.

PT-301 beskadig deur ontploffing in die hawe en geskrap, Mios Woendi, Nieu-Guinee, 7 November 1944.

PT-311 vernietig deur vyandelike myn, Liguriese See, Middellandse See, 18 November 1944.

PT-320 vernietig deur Japannese vliegtuigbomaanvalle, Leyte-golf, Filippynse Eilande, 5 November 1944.

PT-321 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, San Isidro Bay, Leyte, Filippynse Eilande, 11 November 1944.

PT-322 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om vaslegging te voorkom, naby Hardenberg Point, Nieu-Guinee, 23 November 1943.

PT-323 vernietig deur Kamikaze-aanval, Leyte-golf, Filippynse eilande, 10 Desember 1944.

PT-337 vernietig deur Japannese walbatterye, Hansabaai, Nieu-Guinee, 7 Maart 1944.

PT-338 gegrond, 27 Januarie 1945, en vernietig as gevolg van die grondslag, nie in vyandelike waters nie, Semirara-eiland, Filippynse eilande, 31 Januarie 1945.

PT-339 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, naby Pur Pur, Nieu-Guinee, 27 Mei 1944.

PT-346 vernietig deur Amerikaanse vlootvliegtuie, verkeerde identifikasie, naby Cape Pomas, New Britain Island, 29 April 1944.

PT-347 vernietig deur Amerikaanse vlootvliegtuie, verkeerde identifikasie, naby Cape Pomas, New Britain Island, 29 April 1944.

PT-353 vernietig deur Australiese vliegtuie, verkeerde identifikasie, Bangula Bay, New Britain Island, 27 Maart 1944.

PT-363 vernietig deur Japannese walbatterye in Knobaai, Halmahera, Oos-Indië, 25 November 1944.

PT-368 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom, naby Kaap Salimoedi, Halmahera, Oos-Indië, 11 Oktober 1944.

PT-371 gegrond in vyandelike waters en vernietig om vaslegging te voorkom, naby Tagalasa, Halmahera, Oos-Indië, 19 September 1944.

PT-493 vernietig deur Japannese oorlogskepe, Surigao Strait, Filippynse Eilande, 25 Oktober 1944.

PT-509 vernietig deur 'n Duitse mynveër in die Engelse Kanaal, 9 Augustus 1944, te stamp.

PT-555 beskadig deur 'n Duitse myn voor Kaap Couronne, Middellandse See, 24 Augustus 1944, en gesink deur Amerikaanse geweervuur, 8 September 1944.

1 x seiljag (PY)

USS Cythera (PY-26) het gesink nadat sy op 2 Mei 1942 deur die Duitse duikboot by Noord-Carolina getorpedeer is.

1 x Seiljag, kus (PYc)

USS Moonstone (PYc-9) het gesink na 'n botsing met die USS Greer (DD-145) van die Delaware Capes, Delaware, 16 Oktober 1943.

3 x omskepte patrollievaartuie

Visserye II (omgeboude seiljag) vernietig om gevangenskap by Corregidor, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande, 5 Mei 1942, te voorkom.

Maryann (omgeboude seiljag) vernietig om gevangenskap te voorkom by Corregidor, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande, 5 Mei 1942.

Perry (omgeboude klein patrollievaartuig) vernietig om te verhoed dat gevang te Corregidor, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande, 5 Mei 1942.

36 x Patrollievaartuig, distrik (YP)

YP-16 verloor as gevolg van die Japannese besetting van die Filippynse eilande en van die vlootlys verwyder, 24 Julie 1942.

YP-17 verloor as gevolg van die Japannese besetting van die Filippynse eilande en van die vlootlys, 24 Julie 1942, verwyder.

YP-26 vernietig deur onbepaalde ontploffing in die Canal Zone, Panama, 19 November 1942.

YP-47 gesink deur botsing van Staten Island, New York, 26 April 1943.

YP-72 vernietig deur die grondslag op Adak, Aleoese Eilande, 22 Februarie 1943.

YP-73 vernietig deur grondslag in die Kodiak-hawe, Alaska, 15 Januarie 1945.

YP-74 gesink deur botsing, 6 September 1942.

YP-77 gesink in botsing aan die Atlantiese kus, 28 April 1942.

YP-88 vernietig deur die grondslag op Amchitka, Aleoetiese eilande, 28 Oktober 1943.

YP-94 vernietig deur aarding, 18 Februarie 1945.

YP-95 vernietig deur die grondslag op Adak, Aleoese Eilande, 1 Mei 1944.

YP-97 verloor as gevolg van die Japannese besetting van die Filippynse eilande en van die vlootlys, 24 Julie 1942, verwyder.

YP-128 vernietig deur die aanloop tot by Monterey, Kalifornië, 30 Junie 1942.

YP-183 vernietig deur grondslag aan die weskus van Hawaii, 12 Januarie 1943.

YP-205 vernietig deur aarding, 1 November 1942.

YP-235 vernietig deur onbepaalde ontploffing in die Golf van Mexiko, 1 April 1943.

YP-270 vernietig deur aarding, 30 Junie 1942.

YP-277 het afgekom om te verhoed dat hy gevange geneem word oos van Hawaii, 23 Mei 1942.

YP-279 gestig in swaar weer buite Townsville, Australië, 5 September 1943.

YP-281 gestig in swaar weer, 9 Januarie 1944.

YP-284 gesink deur oppervlakte skepe van Guadalcanal, Salomonseilande, 25 Oktober 1942.

YP-331 gestig in swaar weer, 23 Maart 1944.

YP-336 vernietig deur grondslag in die Delaware-rivier, 23 Februarie 1943.

YP-345 gesink suidoos van Midway Island, 31 Oktober 1942.

YP-346 gesink deur oppervlakte skepe in die Suid-Stille Oseaan, 9 September 1942.

YP-383 gesink deur botsing, 24 November 1944.

YP-387 gesink deur botsing, 20 Mei 1942.

YP-389 gesink deur 'n duikboot van Cape Hatteras, Noord-Carolina, 19 Junie 1942.

YP-405 vernietig deur onbepaalde ontploffing in die Karibiese See, 20 November 1942.

YP-422 vernietig deur die aanloop na Nieu-Caledonië.

YP-426 vernietig deur grondlegging, 16 Desember 1943.

YP-438 vernietig deur die grondslag in Port Everglades, Florida, 20 Maart 1943.

YP-453 vernietig deur grondslag op die Bahama-eilande, 15 April 1943.

YP-481 vernietig deur die grondslag in Charleston, Suid-Carolina, 25 April 1943.

YP-492 gesink deur botsing in die ooste van Florida, 8 Januarie 1943.

YP-577 vernietig deur onbepaalde ontploffing in die Great Lakes, 23 Januarie 1943.

10 x Submarine Chaser, (173 voet) (rekenaar)

USS PC-460 gesink deur botsing met 'n duikboot in die Golf van Panama, 24 Januarie 1942.

USS PC-496 gesink nadat dit deur die Italiaanse duikboot by Bizerte, Tunisië, op 4 Junie 1943 getorpedeer is.

USS PC-558 het gesink nadat dit deur die Duitse duikboot U-230 noord van Palermo, Italië, op 9 Mei 1944 getorpeer is.

USS PC-584 wat op 9 Oktober 1945 per tikoon in Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande gesink is.

USS PC-590 vernietig deur die grond tydens tyfoon in Bucknerbaai, Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 9 Oktober 1945.

USS PC-814 vernietig deur tifoon op Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 12 Desember 1945.

USS PC-815 gesink deur botsing met USS Laffey (DD-724) langs San Diego, Kalifornië, 11 September 1945.

USS PC-1129 gesink deur Japannese selfmoordboot van Nasugbu, Luzon, Filippynse Eilande, 31 Januarie 1945.

USS PC-1261 het op 6 Junie 1944 met 'n skulpvuur gesink van walbatterye by Normandië, Frankryk.

USS PC-1603 beskadig deur Kamikaze-aanval by Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 21 Mei 1945, en gesink op 26 Mei 1945.

15 x Submarine Chaser, (110 voet) (SC)

USS SC-521 gestig aan Santa Cruz, Salomonseilande, 10 Julie 1945.

USS SC-632 gesink van Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 16 September 1945.

USS SC-636 gesink van Okinawa, Ryukyu-eilande, 9 Oktober 1945.

USS SC-694 het op 23 Augustus 1943 met vliegtuie van Palermo, Italië, gesink.

USS SC-696 het op 23 Augustus 1943 met vliegtuie van Palermo, Italië, gesink.

USS SC-700 gesink deur toevallige brand van Vella Lavella, Salomonseilande, 10 Maart 1944.

USS SC-709 het op 21 Januarie 1943 aan die Kaap Breton, Frankryk, gestroom.

USS SC-740 gegrond op Great Barrier Reef, Australië, 17 Junie 1943.

USS SC-744 gesink deur Kamikaze-aanval in Leyte-golf, Filippynse eilande, 27 November 1944.

USS SC-751 het op 22 Junie 1943 van Wes-Australië af gestroom.

USS SC-984 het op 9 April 1944 by New Hebrides gestrand.

USS SC-1019 verloor op grond, 22 April 1945.

USS SC-1024 het gesink na 'n botsing by Noord-Carolina, 2 Maart 1943.

USS SC-1059 verloor op 12 Desember 1944 by die Bahamas-eilande.

USS SC-1067 is op 19 November 1943 gestig by Attu, Aleoese Eilande.


USS Gamble (DM -15), c.1940 - Geskiedenis

ARMY AIR FORCES C-2 WRECKER

GESOEK VIR ONS C-2 WRECKER

elke hoof- en agterste domkrag staan ​​vir die stut, ons mis hulle. Ons benodig ook 'n Dayton vyfde wiel, aangesien ons s'n erg beskadig is deur roes. Hier is 'n foto van die benodigde onderdele:

Die hoofaansluiting staan ​​aan elke kant van die vragmotor

As u weet waar ons hierdie onderdele kan vind, kontak ons ​​asseblief by [email protected] of bel 209 982 0273

Die Army Air Forces Wrecking Truck Tractor Type C-2, 7,5 ton 6X6, is oorspronklik gemaak deur die Federal Motor Truck Company van Detroit Michigan. Dit was ook bekend as die federale model 606-reeks tot die 606E.Die C-2 was een van die grootste, indien nie die grootste, voertuig wat in die Army Air Forces gebruik is. Die vragmotor is ook voor en tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog vervaardig deur Biederman, Corbitt en moontlik REO.

Klik hier vir meer inligting oor die oorlewing van C-2's

Klik hier vir meer inligting oor ons 1945 Federal C-2 Wrecker

Die onderstaande foto is uit 'n oorlogsbrosjure wat deur Timken Bearing gepubliseer is, waarin al die verskillende vragmotors waarin hul laers, asse en toerusting geïnstalleer is, verskyn. Hierdie aansig toon die Biederman C-2 wrecker. Daar is beslis baie verskille tussen die vervaardigers. Let op hoe die hele kraan anders lyk, met ekstra bande wat baie hoër op die boomtoring gemonteer is. Ander voor die hand liggende verskille is die: rooster, agterskerms, stutte en staanders, balk en vele ander

Die onderstaande foto lyk presies dieselfde as hierbo, met die registrasienommer verwyder.

Hierdie skoot toon die Biederman C-2 wat lyk asof hy dieselfde spuitkraan as die Corbitt het. Interessant is ook dat dit een van die C2 -sleepwaens op die omskakelaar sleep wat in plaas van die vyfde wiel aan die penhak geheg is.

Hier is 'n paar federale advertensies uit die Tweede Wêreldoorlog of kort daarna. Ek wil Jeff Lakaszcyck bedank vir die stuur van hierdie advertensies. Hulle is wonderlik!

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Hier is die Federale C-2 wat die algemeenste blyk te wees. Ek baseer dit op die feit dat daar min foto's is van die wrakers van Beiderman en Corbitt, veral in vergelyking met die Federale. Hierdie skoot toon die vroeë oplewing.

Die foto's hieronder is uittreksels uit die TO

Een van die kenmerke wat al die vervaardigers gemeen het, was die twee lugvere wat aan elke kant van die verkoeler net agter die buffer aangebring is.

Die ronde toestel net voor die verkoeler is 'n traagheidsvoorgereg, presies soos dié wat op WWII -vliegtuigmotors gebruik word. Hierdie voorgereg het 'n swaar vlieggewig wat vinnig versnel kan word. Dit kan dan ingeskakel word om die enjin om te draai.

Hier is 'n foto van 'n REO-vragmotor (nie 'n C-2 nie) waarop die handkruk geïnstalleer is

Ons kan beslis een van hierdie krukas gebruik as u toevallig weet waar dit kan wees.

Hier is die beheer van die boom -operateurs. Die loopvlak onder die hefbome is 'n platform waarop die bestuurder kan uitskuif. Ander bedieningselemente is hoër op die boomtoring aangebring.

Hier is 'n wonderlike kleuropname waarin 'n werktuigkundige op die intrekbare platform staan ​​terwyl hy 'n B-17G-buitevleuelpaneel beweeg

This is a great shot showing the outriggers in the extended position. Notice how the jack stands are adjustable. The rear stabilizers are in the stowed position.

This is the gas engine generator that makes 115 volts DC to power the large flood lights on top of the boom tower. The generator control panel had other outlets for power tools and field lighting.

This is how the C-2 Wrecker was issued. It came with two trailers a 25 foot and a 40 foot low bed and a converter dolly. In the picture below you can see the 25 foot trailer is hooked up to the converter dolly on top of the 40 foot trailer.

Here is the 25 foot trailer with the stakes installed

This is the 40 foot trailer

This C-2 is helping to level the P-47 in preparation for bore sighting the 8 fifty caliber machine guns.

What a beautiful color photo.

Two of the most important pieces of equipment used my the Army Air Forces: the Cletrac M-2 High Speed Tractor and the C-2 Wrecker. Notice the ambulance in the background. These guys look like they are ready to help the bomber crews, who might be all shot up, as they return from a mission.

These next three shots show a Bell P-39 Airacobra being loaded . or unloaded. not sure which

Disassembling a Curtis P-40 in a little less than ideal conditions

Changing engines on a C-54 Skymaster

Removing an outer wing panel on a B-17G Flying Fortress. Note the elaborate spreader bar.

A completely different B-17 fuselage and, I would think, a very tired crew!

A crew at Wendover Field in Utah lowers a Little Boy practice bomb into the loading pit. One of the 509th B-29's would then be backed over the pit so the bomb could be raised into the forward bomb bay. This very loading pit is still there at Wendover along with the original flight line and many of the WWII buildings. It is a great place to visit as they have a great museum with wonderful volunteers who are doing a great job. Check them out here:

These guys are practicing for dropping the first atomic bomb that was delivered to Hiroshima. The bomb was loaded on Tinian Island using an identical bomb pit which is also still in existence. Check it out here

With WWII brought to an early end thanks to weapons like the one above a lot of soldiers and their equipment started to head for home. Here are two well used C-2's being loaded on a ship presumable after the end of the war. Many wreckers were simply left behind and several of those are in the hands of collectors in Britain and Europe. To see some of the surviving wreckers click here

Here is a link to a book about Wreckers available from the Military Vehicle Preservation Association

I've attached a copy of the Marmon-Herrington ad that the photos I sent came from. The ad indicates these trucks were built as vehicle and tank recovery wreckers, but not all was truthful in wartime. They certainly could have handled aircraft recovery. The equipment certainly looks very similar to the C-2's, except there is no 5th wheel. They definitely went to Russia, I have an M-H brochure which confirms this. M-H was known as the "Birthplace of the Arsenal of Democracy". Many of the concepts of the big and small all wheel drive trucks, from 1/2 ton to 7-1/2 ton, were developed by M-H in the 1930's. It is ironic that they didn't win any of the big contracts for U.S. all wheel drive trucks during the war, but they did a huge business with our allies with Lend-Lease. They are probably best known for converting Ford trucks to all wheel drive, starting in 1935. There were 4x4 and 6x6 models.

Technically, the only C-2's were the Corbitt, Biederman, and Federal 7-1/2 ton wreckers built for the USAAF (some say Reo also built C-2's, but I am not entirely convinced of it). There were other similar trucks built for other branches of the services, but they were not designated as C-2's. I think after the War C-2 became a generic term in the civilian world for all similar trucks. Corbitt, Biederman, Federal, en Reo also built the F-1 fuel tanker semi tractor, which had a nearly identical cab and chassis to the C-2 (the F-1 had a 5.5" longer wheelbase). The Federal F-1 was a model 605, the Reo a 29XS, and the Corbitt a 54SD6. The Biederman was simply an F-1. Reo also built a Cardox airport firefighting truck on the 29XS chassis (29FF ?). The Federal and Reo 7-1/2 tonners are nearly identical, the only difference in appearance besides the nameplate is the front fenders. The Federal fenders are somewhat "styled", while the Reo's are flatter in appearance. The Reo disc wheels also have more holes in them, but these are easily swapped around and not a sure thing.

Reo did build a 10 ton 6x6 aircraft salvage wrecker for the Navy, with equipment similar to the C-2. Reo built about 200 of these trucks, and a handful have survived. These trucks are not in any of the books, but are shown in a 1945 Reo Annual Report I have, plus I have photos of survivors. I have yet to come across a closeup photo of this truck while in the Navy, except for one with a cement mixer body on it (with USN markings !) The annual report does not make any mention of 7-1/2 ton wreckers, only the tractors and Cardox fire trucks.

Sterling also built a 10 ton 6x6 aircraft wrecker for the Navy in much larger numbers, the DDS235. I think the Sterling and Reo probably had similar specs, but the cabs did not look at all alike. Many of the Sterlings have survived, but not as many as the Federals. The "Stuart Motor Company" truck on your website is a Sterling DDS235, as is the red and white truck in the background of one photo (you speculate this may be a Corbitt)

I am not 100% sure on this, but I think Corbitt only built some late '30's and very early '40's model C-2's. By '42 Corbitt was up to their necks with orders for the standard 6 ton 6x6 50SD6. Corbitt was a small outfit, I would be surprised if they had production capacity for much else besides the 6 tonners. I think Federal and Biederman built all the C-2's after '42 or so, with the majority from Federal, assuming I am correct that Reo didn't build any.

If you are interested , I am the moderator for the "What Am I" on the ATHS discussion page. We post a photo of a different old truck every day and folks try to guess what it is. We also have a pretty lively discussion page (Road Kill Cafe), and everyone is pretty friendly. Here is a link to the WAI if you want to check it out.

Wow, sorry if this went too long !

The Navy Sterling DDS235 Wrecker lifting a OS2U Kingfisher. Thanks Jeff for sending in these great photos.

Here is a Navy Sterling DDS235 wrecker that is restored National War and Resistance Museum / Marshall Museum at Overloon, The Netherlands

Here is some more great information from Jeff about the Sterling wreckers used by the Navy and the Marine Corps:

I thought I would send you some strictly Sterling stuff. Even though the 10 ton Sterling DDS235 wreckers were not technically C-2's, they were certainly very similar and perhaps even the Navy equivalent. They certainly deserve space on your website. If you haven't figured it out, I really have a soft spot for these Sterling's. I probably have 100 times more info than this on the civilian models.

Sterling trucks go back to 1907, and were built in Milwaukee. They were very respected in their time, particularly in the '20's thru '40's. Never a large producer, they were very popular heavy duty trucks, particularly in the northeast and west coast. Sterling's main claim to fame was their wood-lined frames, and chain drive models which they produced right up to the end, long after anyone else was building them. Sterling was bought out by White in 1951. Production continued as Sterling-White until 1953 , when White pulled the plug. The late model Sterling's you see on today's highways are absolutely no relation to the original. The new trucks are the former Ford heavy duty line, sold to Freightliner/Mercedes Benz in 1998.

On many of the photos I have placed a 2 letter code at the end of the description, that is the initials of the person who either took the photo, or sent it to me.

I have 4 shots of the Stuart Motors DDS235, (one you already have), one is a head on shot taken at the same time as the one you have posted. Both were taken by Bob Gilbreath. The other 2 are more recent, and were sent to me by Don MacKenzie. This truck still gets worked. It appears to have been retrofitted with a diesel. Don also sent the great factory photo.

There are 3 photos of survivors from Tom Siemons, a Sterling collector. The yellow wrecker has been re-cabbed with Sterling's post war cab. Notice the rounded windshield corners. The other yellow truck photo, with the long wheelbase, is from Pat MacPhail, another old truck collector.

There are a couple of "official photos", with specs on the backside of one, and some military shots. These all came from various places on the internet.

Sterling also built a smaller 6x6 with similar wrecker equipment, the DDS150. I believe this was a 4-5 ton model. It appears to have been built for the Navy to handle torpedoes. I have never seen an "in service" photo but a few of these trucks have survived. This is another truck that is not in any of the books.

Perhaps the largest standardized wrecker of any type built during the war was Sterling's huge 6x4 HCS330, also built for the Navy. These trucks were rated at 15 tons, and featured Sterling's patented center driven dual chain drive bogie. The bogie was very similar in appearance to the Knuckey bogie used on the Pacific M26 "Dragon Wagon", but Sterling had introduced theirs many years previous, in 1931. Military photos of the HCS330's are rare also. The Lynch civilian truck in the photo is very similar in appearance to the military models, with no major modifications.

Taigh, in just a short time you already have the best website devoted to the big military wreckers. You have done a nice job, and it is especially commendable since the main reason for your website is to promote the aircraft side of your business. I don't know how far you want to stray from the wreckers, if at all, but I do have some more photos of USAAF Reo and Biederman F-1 fuel tankers, and Reo and Sterling Cardox crash trucks. Most of these are military "in service" shots. I can send them along if you are interested.

Thanks for taking the time to post all this stuff, keep up the good work.

Here is the DDS150 Torpedo Crane

Here is a photo of the Biederman Wrecker towing a disabled P-40. Judging the early markings on the aircraft I am guessing 1941 or early 1942. Good shot Jeff!

Steve sent in a comment about the P-40 pictured above:

T he ship is a P-40 (P-40-CU, the first production model) and I'm fairly certain that it's from the 35th Pursuit Squadron, 8th Pursuit Group. If so, the location would quite likely be either Langley Field, VA or Mitchell Field, NY. The time frame would be no earlier than June 1940, but I don't know when the 8th transitioned to the P-39, and so don't know offhand what the tail end of the time-frame would be. Maybe Fall 1941 or thereabouts?

Jeff also sent in a photo of the F1 fuel service truck data plate he bought on ebay.

For some shots of surviving Sterling's click here

Another recent addition can be found here

Good stuff, keep it coming!

Admission of guilt: Many of the photos above were shamefully taken from various sources on the internet. I will be trying to insert photo credits and links as I can find them. Please bear with me. If you have information or photo credits for any of these pictures please let me know so I can post that information.

Should you have any C-2 wrecker photos or stories that you might like to share please send them to me and I will gladly post them with credit to you.

TO ALL OF OUR COUNTRY'S VETERANS, WE HERE AT VINTAGE AIRCRAFT WOULD LIKE TO SAY:


Pearl Harbor Ships on December 7th

The U.S. Navy battleship USS California (BB-44) slowly sinking alongside Ford Island, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (USA), as a result of bomb and torpedo damage, 7 December 1941. The destroyer USS Shaw (DD-373) is burning in the floating dry dock YFD-2 in the left distance. The battleship USS Nevada (BB-36) is beached in the left-center distance.

There were 130 vessels in the Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor on December 7th 1941, the day of the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. 96 of the Pearl Harbor Ships were warships. 8 were battleships, of which 7 were lined up like easy targets on Battleship Row.

For more information about each ship, click the link. If you have more information that you would like to contribute contact us. If you knew someone on board one of these ships, search for them in our Pearl Harbor Heroes, or Pearl Harbor Survivors. Don’t forget to comment.


Learn More

This lovely Craftsman House is located in Ingleside Terraces, a residential neighborhood in San Francisco, California.

Developed between 1911 and 1913, Ingleside Terraces has many older homes with Arts & Crafts details. Originally, this home was painted darker colors, but the current color scheme of cream and ruddy brown has been used for at least thirty years. Typical of Arts & Crafts architecture, the house features:

  • Open floor plans few hallways
  • Numerous windows - The owner counts 40!
  • Some windows with stained glass
  • Beamed ceilings - In the dining room, the beams are made with redwood
  • Dark wood wainscoting and moldings. In the dining room, the redwood wainscoting is seven feet high.

To learn more about Craftsman architecture, see our House Styles dictionary >


USS Gamble (DM-15), c.1940 - History

Creating a monument to endure millennia

A stone carver hangs on to Thomas Jefferson's eyelid.

Image: George Rinhart/Corbis via Getty Images

In 1923, looking to attract tourists and stimulate the economy of his state, South Dakota state historian Doane Robinson proposed creating a massive monument in the Black Hills. He envisioned a memorial to great heroes of the West, suggesting Lakota Sioux leader Red Cloud as a possibility.

The proposal was granted federal funding, and Robinson selected architect and sculptor Gutzon Borglum to design and carve the monument.

Borglum convinced Robinson that sculptures of presidents would attract more national interest than Red Cloud. Before settling on the final design of the monument, Borglum selected the stable granite cliffs of Mount Rushmore as the ideal location.

This decision was met with immediate protest by Native Americans. The 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie had granted the land around Mount Rushmore to the Lakota in perpetuity, but the area was later seized by the federal government after the discovery of gold. Carving the faces of the leaders of that government into a spiritually significant mountain — known as “The Six Grandfathers” to the Lakota — was adding insult to injury.

Their protests fell on unsympathetic ears, however, and the project moved forward. It was decided that the sculpture would include George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt for their contributions to the founding, growth and preservation of the nation.


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 van 189

    Frank Knox, American politician (Republican VP candidate 1936), newspaper editor and Secretary of the Navy during World War II, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1944)

Winston Churchill

1874-11-30 Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1940-45, 1951-55) during World War II, and writer (Nobel Prize in Literature, 1953), born in Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England (d. 1965)

Gerd von Rundstedt

1875-12-12 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), born in Aschersleben, German Empire (d. 1953)

    Henri Winkelman, Dutch general, Commander-in-Chief of Dutch Armed Forces during WWII, born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1952) Dudley Pound, British admiral of the fleet and 1st Sea Lord (Jutland, WW II), born in Ventnor, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1943) Pyotr Nikolayevich, Baron Wrangel, Russian baron general (White Armies, WW II), born in Novalexandrovsk, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1928) Alex von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II), born in Gut Blumenthal, Province of Silesia, German Empire (d. 1966) Ernest J King, US fleet admiral/Chief of Naval Operations (WWII)

Douglas MacArthur

1880-01-26 Douglas MacArthur, American General in World War II, born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1964)

    Johan H. Westerveld, Dutch WW II resistance fighter and leader of Order Service (OD), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1942) Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (commander in the German occupation of Austria, invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during WWII), born in Cüstrin, Province of Brandenburg, German Empire (d. 1945) Władysław Sikorski, Polish World War II general and Prime Minister of Poland in exile (1939-43), born in Tuszów Narodowy, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943) Georg von Küchler, German field marshal and WWII war criminal, born in Schloss Philippsruh, German Empire (d. 1968)

François Darlan

1881-08-07 François Darlan, French Admiral of the Fleet during WWII and Vichy Prime Minister (1941-42), born in Nérac, France (d. 1942)

    Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II) Max Winders, Belgian architect (WWII), responsible for bringing the Belgian gold stock, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1982) George S. Rentz, U.S. Navy Chaplain (awarded the Navy Cross during WW II), born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania (d. 1942) William Halsey Jr., US vice-admiral (WW II Pacific), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1959) Andrew Browne, Irish/British admiral (WWII)

Isoroku Yamamoto

1884-04-04 Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese WWII Marshall Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet who led the attack on Pearl Harbor, born in Nagaoka, Niigata (d. 1943)

Édouard Daladier

1884-06-18 Edouard Daladier, 72nd Prime Minister of France (1933, 1934 and 1938-40) and PM at the start of World War II, born in Carpentras, Vaucluse, France (d. 1970)

    Claude Auchinleck, British Army commander during the Second World War, born in Aldershot, Hampshire, England (d. 1981)

Hideki Tojo

1884-12-30 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during WW II (1941-44), born in Tokyo (d. 1948)

Chester Nimitz

1885-02-24 Chester Nimitz, American admiral who commanded the US Pacific fleet in World War II, born in Fredericksburg, Texas (d. 1966)

    Soemu Toyoda, Japanese admiral during World War II, born in Kitsuki, Ōita, Japan (d. 1957 Ernst Busch, German field marshal (WWII), born in Essen, German Empire (d. 1945)

George S. Patton

1885-11-11 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", born in San Gabriel, California (d. 1945)

Albert Kesselring

1885-11-30 Albert Kesselring, German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), born in Marktsteft, German Empire (d. 1960)

    Henry "Hap" Arnold, American commanding general, US Army Air Force (WWII), born in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania (d. 1950) John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British soldier, Field Marshal during WW II, born in London, England (d. 1946) Marc A "Pete" Mitscher, US lt-admiral (WW II-Task Force 58)

Bernard Montgomery

1887-11-17 Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Alamein, British WWII Field Marshal (African campaign, D-Day) and WWI officer, born in London (d. 1976)

Harry Crerar

1888-04-28 Harry Crerar, Canadian WWI and WWII general (First Canadian Army), born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1965)

    Willis Augustus Lee, American World War II admiral (Guadalcanal) and sport shooter (5 Olympic golds 1920), born in Natlee, Kentucky (d. 1945) Heinz Guderian, German general during WWII, born in Kulm, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1954)

Alexander Patch

1889-11-23 Alexander Patch, American WWII general (Guadalcanal Campaign, Operation Dragoon), born in Fort Huachuca, Arizona (d. 1945)

Alfred Jodl

1890-05-10 Alfred Jodl, German general during World War II (head of the German High Command, signed unconditional Nazi surrender), born in Würzburg, German Empire (d. 1946)

    Arthur W Tedder of Glenguin, British air marshal (WWII) Gabriel Heatter, American radio commentator famous for his WWII sign-on "There's good news tonight", born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1972)

Dwight D. Eisenhower

1890-10-14 Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th US President (R, 1953-61) and WWII general, born in Denison, Texas (d. 1969)

    Carl Spaatz, American World War II general and 1st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, born in Boyertown, Pennsylvania (d. 1974)

Erwin Rommel

1891-11-15 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), born in Heidenheim, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1944)

Robert Watson-Watt

1892-04-13 Robert Watson-Watt, Scottish physicist and developer of the radar and radio direction finding in WWII, born in Brechin, Scotland (d. 1973)

    Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot, born in Düren, Rhine Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1975)

Josip Broz Tito

1892-05-07 Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav communist revolutionary and leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), born in Kumrovec, Hrvatsko Zagorje, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (d. 1980)

Omar Bradley

1893-02-12 Omar Bradley, American WWII General (Invasion of Normandy) and 1st Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1949-53), born in Clark, Missouri (d. 1981)

    Draža Mihailović, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal, born in Ivanjica, Serbia (d. 1946) Velvalee Dickinson, American spy, convicted of espionage against the United States on behalf of Japan during World War II, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1980) Gerald F. Bogan, U.S. Navy aviator and vice admiral who served in World War I & II, born in Mackinac Island, Michigan (d. 1973) Ivan Isakov [Hovhannes Ter-Isahakyan], Russian-Armenian military commander (Commander in Chief of the Soviet Navy during World War II), born in Hadjikend, Russian Empire (d. 1967) Walter Warlimont, German General WWII, born in Osnabrück, Hanover, Prussia, Germany (d. 1976) Oliver Leese, British World War II general, born in Westminster, London (d. 1978) Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WWII) Matthew B Ridgway, US gen (WW II/China/Nicaragua/Korea/NATO) Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, born in Detmold, Germany (d. 1952) Richard Sorge, German spy for the Soviet Union in Tokyo during World War II, born in Baku, Russian Empire (d. 1944) Walter Bedell Smith, U.S. Army general (WWII) and head of CIA (1950-52), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1961) Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (German Air Force-WW II), born in Barzdorf, German Empire (d. 1945) Francis C Denebrink, US Naval officer (WW I, WW II, Korea)

Georgy Zhukov

1896-12-01 Georgy Zhukov, Russian deputy commander-in-chief of the Red Army during WWII (Battles of Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin) and Minister of Defense, born in Strelkovka, Kaluga (d. 1974)

Miles Dempsey

1896-12-15 Miles Dempsey, British WWII general (XIII Corps, Second Army), born in New Brighton, Cheshire (d. 1969)

    Hasso von Manteuffel, German WWII general (5th Panzer Army) and politician, born in Potsdam, Germany (d. 1978) Lucius du Bignon Clay, American WWII general and military governor of West Germany, born in Marietta, Georgia (d. 1978) Karl Plagge, German officer and Nazi Party member who during World War II used his position as a staff officer in the German Army to employ and protect some 1,240 Jews, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1957) Kurt Tank, German WW II aircraft designer Arthur R. von Hippel, German physicist (pioneer in the study of dielectrics, ferromagnetic and ferroelectric materials, and semiconductors and was a codeveloper of radar during World War II), born in Rostock, Germany (d. 2003) Jean Moulin, French hero of the Résistance during World War II, born in Béziers, France (d. 1943) Lyman Lemnitzer, United States Army Marine Corps general (WWII), born in Honesdale, Pennsylvania (d. 1988)

Archibald McIndoe

1900-05-04 Archibald McIndoe, New Zealand plastic surgeon pioneer who rehabilitated badly burned Royal Air Force crew during WWII, born in Dunedin, New Zealand (d. 1960) [1]

    Ernie Pyle, American journalist and war correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize 1944), born in Dana, Indiana (d. 1945)

Witold Pilecki

1901-05-13 Witold Pilecki, Polish WWII resistance fighter (volunteered to go to Auschwitz, Witold's Report), born in Olonets, Russian Empire

    Mariel-Henri Jaspar, Belgian minister who unsuccessfully attempted to establish a Belgian government in London during World War II, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1982) Willy Lages, German chief of Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam (WWII), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1971) Arleigh A Burke, Colo, admiral (WW II, Solomon Islands, Navy Cross) Truman J Hedding, US vice-admiral (WWII) Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, French WW II hero (liberator of Paris), born in Belloy-Saint-Léonard, France (d. 1947) James Sargent Russell, US pilot and admiral (WW II Pacific Ocean), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1996) Nikolay Kuznetsov, Russian naval commander (Admiral of the Fleet during World War II), born in Medvedki, Russian Empire (d. 1974) Paul D. Stoop, American vice-admiral (WW II-Coral Sea), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1995) Herbert D. Riley, US Navy vice-admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal, Okinawa), born in Maryland, United States (d. 1973) Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (WWII, Korean War & Vietnam War), born in Lexington, North Carolina (d. 1965) John Thach, American WWII Naval aviator (developed the Thach Weave) and USN admiral, born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas (d. 1981) Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990) Fitzhugh Lee, US pilot/vice-admiral (WW II, Navy Cross) Harry Broadhurst, British Royal Air Force commander and flying ace of the Second World War, born in Frimley, Surrey, England (d. 1995) Denis Barnett, British air chief marshal (WWII, Suez Canal) (d. 1992) Roy L Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)

A. J. P. Taylor

1906-03-25 A.J.P Taylor [Alan John Percival], English historian (The Struggle for Mastery in Europe 1848–1918, Origins of the Second World War), born in Southport, England (d. 1990)

    Virginia Hall [Goillot], American spy with British Special Operations during WWII (1940-1966), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1982) Eddie Myers, British WWII soldier and engineer, born in Kensington, London (d. 1997) Lee Miller, American photographer (War correspondent for Vogue in WWII), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1977) Cecil Brown, American war correspondent (worked closely with Edward R. Murrow during WW II), born in New Brighton, Pennsylvania (d. 1987) Herbert Kappler, German head of Nazi police and security services (SS) in Rome during WWII, born in Stuttgart, German Empire (d. 1978) Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941) Stewart Myles MacPherson, Canadian-born British broadcaster (WWII), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 1995) Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II, born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2000) Lionel KP "Buster" Crabb, British diver (WW II-George Medal) Simone Weil, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WWII), born in Paris, France
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105th Infantry Regiment

The 105th Infantry Regiment, formerly the 2nd New York Infantry was a New York State National Guard Regiment that saw action in a number of conflicts, including the Civil War, the Spanish-America War, the Mexican Border dispute of 1916, World War I, and finally World War II. It was officially re-designated the 105th Infantry in September of 1917. For service in World War II, the Regiment was organized into twelve companies, which initially drew their membership from a number of towns in the capital region. Companies A, C, and D were recruited from Troy. Company B was recruited from Cohoes. Companies E, F, and H were recruited from Schenectady. Companies G, I, K, L, and M were recruited from Amsterdam, Malone, Glens Falls, Saratoga Springs, and Gloversville respectively. Additional regimental troops came from Hoosick Falls, Whitehall, and Saranac Lake.

The 105th was inducted into federal service and assigned to the 27th Infantry Division on October 15th 1940. Following its induction, the Regiment was moved to Fort McClellan, AL. on October 25th 1940. The 106th departed for Hawaii March 10th 1942 and arrived on March 17th 1942. The Regiment&rsquos 3rd Battalion landed on Butaritari Island, the principal island of the Makin Atoll on November 20th 1943. It formed a Special Landings Group, which preceded the main landing craft in amtracs (Amphibious Tanks) and cleared the beaches for the subsequent landing waves. The Battalion fought with the 165th Infantry for the remainder of the battle and on November 24th 1943 left the atoll for Hawaii, where they arrived on December 2nd 1943. The Regiment left Hawaii on May 31st and landed on Saipan on the 17th of June 1944, where it fought with the rest of the 27th Division for the first time. The 105th Regiment was initially responsible for clearing the hilly and well fortified southern point of Saipan, which was later found to have been held by over 1,200 Japanese defenders. Following this, the Regiment joined the rest of the 27th Division and the 2nd and 4th Marine Divisions for what would be an extremely bloody assault on Mount Tapotchau, the island&rsquos key defensive position. Near the end of the battle, the 105th also bore the brunt of the largest Banzai charge of the entire war, its 1st and 2nd Battalions killing by actual count 2,295 Japanese. As a result of this grisly fighting, three soldiers of the 105th were posthumously awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. The 105th was detached to Army Garrison Force 244 on Saipan between the 15th and 30th of July. The 105th arrived at Espiritu Santo on September 4th 1944 for rest and re-supply, and departed on March 25th 1945. The 3rd Battalion assaulted Tsugen Shima off Okinawa on April 10th 1945 to safeguard the landing beaches on Okinawa itself. The 105th landed on Okinawa on April 12th and 13th 1945 and was heavily engaged in an area known as the Kakazu pocket, which centered on a well-fortified ridge system. The Regiment&rsquos action in Okinawa was its last serious duty. On September 12th 1945 the 105th arrived in Japan for garrison duties. It was deactivated on December 12th 1945, following its return to the states.