Michael Cudahy

Michael Cudahy


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Michael Cudahy is gebore in County Kilkenny, Ierland, in 1841. Sy gesin het in 1849 na die Verenigde State geëmigreer en hulle in Milwaukee gevestig. Nadat hy die skool verlaat het, het Cudahy werk gekry as vleisverpakker. Saam met sy broer John Cudahy en Philip Armour begin hy sy eie vleisverpakkingsonderneming in Omaha, Nebraska. In die 1870's het hy 'n rewolusie in die vleisverpakkingsbedryf gemaak deur somer-uitharding onder verkoeling in te stel. Cadahy is in 1910 oorlede.


Milwaukee -gesprekke: Michael Cudahy

Die Milwaukee -nalatenskap van Michael Cudahy groei steeds. Op 'n jeugdige 78 het die stigter van Marquette Electronics oorgegaan van entrepreneurskap na filantropie. Cudahy dink groot, leef goed en sy vrygewigheid sal Milwaukee se toekomstige inwoners help om nog beter te leef. Ons het onlangs met Cudahy gaan sit vir 'n geselsie.

"Dit is Vrydag. Ons drink 'n drankie." Dit was die eerste woorde wat Michael Cudahy vir ons gesê het voor ons middagete by die Boulevard Inn. Early Times on the rocks is die gemak van hierdie charismatiese gemeenskapsikoon, en ek verwelkom ook graag 'n middag Tanqueray & amp tonic terwyl ons gaan sit en gesels oor Milwaukee, sy lewe, sy boek en meer.

Die Milwaukee -nalatenskap van Michael Cudahy groei steeds. Op 'n jeugdige 78 het die stigter van Marquette Electronics oorgegaan van entrepreneurskap na filantropie. Nie net standaard filantropie nie, maar ook groot dinge soos die Milwaukee Art Museum, IMAX, Pabst Theatre, Pier Wisconsin en hopelik die Milwaukee Connector, 'n nuwe spoorvervoerstelsel vir groter Milwaukee.

Cudahy dink groot, leef goed en sy vrygewigheid, nuuskierigheid en vriendelikheid sal Milwaukee se toekomstige inwoners help om nog beter te leef. Die naam Cudahy is een van die prominentste in Wisconsin, Michael volg in die voetspore van hierdie pa en oupa, John en Patrick. Albei was innoverend en suksesvol en het geweet hoe om 'n goeie verhaal te vertel. Mike draai ook 'n goeie draad, en sy nuwe boek "Joyworks" vertel sy lewensverhaal en The Story of Marquette Electronics. Dit toon ook aan dat Cudahy se sukses meer gaan oor mense en kultuur as oor sakeplanne en prosesse.

Mike Cudahy hou nog steeds 'n besige skedule, vergaderings, middagetes, fondsinsamelings, ideegenerering en storievertelling. Hy het nog 'n leeftyd met idees in sy kop en hy het baie daarvan onlangs onlangs met ons gedeel. Lees verder vir 'n baie spesiale "Milwaukee Talks" met Mike Cudahy.

OMC: Gee ons asseblief die 'neut-dop' Mike Cudahy-verhaal.

MC: Die Cudahys kom uit Ierland, 'n graafskap met die naam Kilkenny in 1849. Daar was vier broers, 'n suster, ma en pa, skoonpa en skoonma. Hulle het om die land gegaan om 'n baie eenvoudige rede. Op daardie tydstip in Ierland kon u van die honger doodgaan of vertrek en miskien sterf op die skip wat daaroor loop. Patrick, my oupa, was drie maande oud toe hy weg is, hy was ses maande oud toe hy hier aangekom het. en die reis was nie juis 'n reis van 747 oor die see nie. Soms vergeet ons dit vandag.

Die Cudahys vestig hulle in Milwaukee omdat daar gesê word dat hulle 'n paar vriende hier gehad het. Hulle het eers in Boston geland, en die probleem met Boston was (dat daar) te veel Iere daar was. Dus, hulle was nie te gewild nie, as ek dit so mag stel.

Hierdie groep en mevrou Shaw (uit die Shaw -familie van County Callan) het 'n bietjie meer geld - driehonderd pond - as die meeste gehad omdat ou Shaw 'n pottebakkery gehad het wat hy verkoop het. En weet jy wat, ek kan my lewe lank nie agterkom wie 'n pottebakkersbedryf in die middel van die aartappelhongersnood sou gekoop het nie, maar hulle het dit gedoen.

Sommige van die groepe vestig hulle in Milwaukee, ander in Chicago. My oupa, Patrick, het op 13-jarige ouderdom opgehou skoolgaan en by 'n plaaslike vleisverpakkingsonderneming met die naam Plankinton (later verbonde aan die bekende Armor Packing Company of Chicago) gaan werk. Hy het gesê 'ons het die vleisverpakkingsbedryf aangegaan, want mense eet altyd vleis en dit lyk na 'n stabiele ding om te doen.' So het Oupa meneer Plankinton en meneer Armor aangesluit.

OMC: Waar het u in Milwaukee grootgeword?

MC: Ek is gebore in die St. Mary's -hospitaal, ongeveer 'n blok van waar ons in Terracelaan gewoon het. Het na Milwaukee Country Day gegaan, 'n soort snobistiese skool (gelag). Ek het net een suster wat na Sanibel Island vertrek. Sy is 81 en dit gaan baie goed. Sy is 'n skilderonderwyseres, nog steeds 'n baie netjiese dame. Ek het natuurlik nie daaraan gedink toe ons kinders was nie.

OMC: Waar het u na Country Day School gegaan?

MC: Om 'n langverhaal kort te maak, is ek gevra om te vertrek, en ek het na die Milwaukee University School in Hartfordlaan gegaan. Ek weet nie al die slegte dinge wat ons gedoen het nie, maar. Ek het nooit universiteit toe gegaan nie, maar ek het dit reggekry om die hoërskool te voltooi. Die diploma het 'n groot stempel: "Toegestaan ​​in verhouding tot die nasionale noodgeval." Dit beteken dat ons in 'n oorlog was en dat hulle sekere toegewings gemaak het. My toegewing was dat ek twee keer die geskiedenis van die Amerikaanse geskiedenis ontwrig het. Ek het net nie aandag gegee nie, wat 'n verveling. Ek was geïnteresseerd in wetenskap. Dit was 1942.

OMC: Het u geweet wat u met u lewe wou doen toe u op hoërskool was?

MC: Nee, is daar iemand? Ek het 'n passie gehad vir meganiese en elektriese dinge. Ek het 'n AM -radio -operateur geword toe ek 12 was en in Ierland gewoon het (deur middel van 'n skoolprogram). In daardie dae moes u alles van nuuts af bou, die sender en ontvanger. U moes ook baie versigtig wees om uself nie te elektrokutiseer nie, wat ek amper 'n paar keer gedoen het. Die opwinding nadat jy hierdie radio's gebou het en gewonder het hoe dit moontlik kan werk, dit met die antenna oprig en iemand jou oproep oor die radio laat beantwoord. pow! Absoluut die mees opwindende ding wat selfs in my lewe met my gebeur het. Ek het as klein kind met ander lande op my radio gepraat. Dit was wonderlik.

As 'n wenk vir alle ouers, as u iets kan vind om u kind te elektrifiseer .. doen dit. Probeer dit. Laat hulle iets vind, medisyne, elektronika, ruimtewetenskap of wat ook al. Dit sal u kind se denke begin!

OMC: Was jy al vier keer getroud? As ek mag vra, wat is daarmee?

MC: Wat my vier vroue betref, het ek regtig nie veel om te sê nie. as ek alles moes doen, twyfel ek of ek veel sou verander. Ek het immers 23 jaar by #3 (Nancy) gewoon, en ek woon nog steeds by #4, Lisa, na 16 jaar. En ek het vyf wonderlike kinders!

OMC: Gee my 'n paar van u gedagtes oor Milwaukee van vandag?

MC: Ek het 'n wonderlike prentjie van die Lakefront, ongeveer 1955, geneem uit 'n boot, en (ontwikkeling langs die meer) was redelik somber. Ek dink Milwaukeeans het al te lank gesê: 'o ja, die meer, huh.' Hulle het regtig nie ag geslaan op die geweldige bate wat ons hier het nie. Dit is deel van die grootste natuurlike varswatergebied ter wêreld, en dit is hier in Milwaukee!

Ek is verheug oor die Milwaukee Art Museum. Ek werk ook baie ywerig, soos u weet, aan 'n projek genaamd Pier Wisconsin.

OMC: As u vandag iets aan Milwaukee kon verander, wat sou dit wees?

MC: Ek hoop dat ons 'n hele reeks sakeleiers kan kry om vorentoe te tree en 'n leiding te neem om hierdie stad vorentoe te beweeg. Ons was dit, maar die gebrek aan leierskap is aangemeld. Ek dink die leierskap is hier, maar hulle moet aanhou om vorentoe te tree en op die bord te kom. Die MMAC en Greater Milwaukee Committee (GMC) vaar goed, maar waar is die leierskap wat kan aansluit by die politieke leierskap om hierdie stad werklik wonderlik te maak, soos Minneapolis en Indy !?

OMC: Hoe sou u leierskap definieer?

MC: Dit is 'n snaakse woord. Dit is om op die bord te kom, omdat u nie bang is vir die gevolge van u mening nie. Om 'n leier te wees, kry momentum deur ander mense bymekaar te kry om jou idee te volg.

OMC: Hoe kan 'n jonger leier dit laat gebeur?

MC: Daar is alle grade van leierskap. Daar is nie oud en jonk nie, daar is oud, ietwat oud, medium, jonk. Hierdie gemeenskap het 'n kliek uit die ou leierskap gemaak. Ou leiers is besig om uit te sterf of maatskappye word verkoop. Daardie ou country club -bende, waar is dit? Dit lyk asof die jong leiers geïsoleer is. Ons moet hulle bymekaar bring. Die UWM -kanselier, Nancy Zimpher, het my gevra om aan die hoof te staan ​​van 'n groep oud en jonk en hulle bymekaar te bring. Miskien moet ek dit doen.

OMC: Hoe definieer u sukses?

MC: Eerstens is 'n gebrek aan vertroue in die individu een van die grootste afskrikmiddels vir sukses. 'Dit kan nie gedoen word nie. O, ek sal nooit daar kom nie. Dit is te groot vir my. Ek weet niks of genoeg daarvan nie. Die mense wat ek ken wat werklik suksesvol was, het pas gesê: 'Man die torpedo's. Ons gaan dit doen, en ek gee nie om hoe nie. Ek sal leer soos ons gaan. ' Dit is die soort houding wat nodig is!

Daar is baie wat ons op skool en in die sakeskool leer, en sê dat u hier en daar volledig opgelei moet word. Ek is nie seker of jy so gestruktureerd moet wees nie!

OMC: Het u 'n rolmodel/mentor gehad?

MC: Ja, aangesien die boek baie praat. Die ou wat my gekry het van 'n soort van 'n dom kind wat nie geweet het watter kant toe na 'n verstandige bydraer tot 'n besigheidspoging nie, was Warren Cozzens. Hy was my hele tyd wat ek by Marquette was. Hy was net genoeg ouer om 'n gesonde verstand te hê.

OMC: As u een persoon sou kon kies om saam met hom te drink, wie sou dit wees en hoekom?

MC: Moeilike vraag, Jeff. Daar is baie mense met wie ek graag wil gaan sit en saam met my 'n drankie of aandete eet. Albert Einstein sou wonderlik wees. George Bush, Sr. Ek het een keer saam met hom geëet. Dwight Eisenhower, ek sou graag kontak met daardie man wou gehad het.

MC: Benny Green by die Pabst. Hy is 'n dierbare vriend. Ek is 'n soort van sy "peetvader". Hy is 39 en 'n ontluikende jazz -musikant en 'n wonderlike ou.

OMC: Is jazz jou passie in musiek?

MC: Ek is mal oor alle soorte musiek. Ek hou van die klassieke, veral na die draai van die vorige eeu. Mense soos Igor Stravinksky. Ek hou van Stravinksky se "Rite of Spring", dit is ongelooflik. Hy was die eerste om deur die klassieke toue te breek en 9de en 11de en wilde harmonie te gebruik, ek is mal daaroor. Moderne ballet maak my ook opgewonde, dit is wonderlik - 'n wonderlike kunsvorm.

OMC: Wat is u planne vir The Pabst Theatre?

MC: Vul dit in 'n sin met kwaliteitshandelinge. Ek dink dit kan 'n nasionale, in werklikheid, internasionale ikoon word. Dit het al die eienskappe. Dit is 'n pragtige juweel.

OMC: Praat asseblief oor die voorgestelde Milwaukee -aansluiting.

MC: Milwaukee is in baie aspekte en gebiede agter die tyd, vervoer is een daarvan. Milwaukee is ook agter die tyd om die verskillende gemeenskappe om ons te probeer saamwerk. U het mense in Racine wat sê 'ons is hier, u is daar'. Wauwatosa, Waukesha, West Bend. Daar is baie gemeenskappe wat sê dat ons niks met ander gemeenskappe te doen wil hê nie. En dit is vir my 'n vreeslike fout. Ons kan nie afsonderlike gemeenskappe in hierdie streek hê wat veg teen die res van die wêreld wat baie meer dinamiese dinge doen nie.

Die Milwaukee -aansluiting lei af dat die isolationisme verbrokkel sal word. En dit is die rede vir die hewige opposisie van sommige teen spoorvervoeropsies. Dit is nie 'n spoor nie, dit is 'n geleide busstelsel. Dit is 'n nuwe tegnologie. Dit sal ook nie die stad verskeur nie, en daar is ook ekonomiese voordele. Dit het al die voordele van spoor. Ek is baie daarvoor.

Die sakegemeenskap en die Metropolitan Milwaukee Association of Commerce (MMAC) voel dat ons dit moet volg na die volgende fase, wat die voorlopige ontwerp van die projek is. U kan nie eers weet of dit goed gaan of nie, totdat dit klaar is. Ons is onsself verskuldig om die volgende stap te doen. Om te sê, 'nee, nee, ons weet nie wat om te probeer nie', is kranksinnig. En ek dink ons ​​moet hierdie gemeenskappe saamtrek en nasionaal na onsself kyk en kyk waar ons staan. Op die oomblik is daar 18 stede in Amerika wat spoor of 'n vorm van hoëspoedvervoer bou of beplan. Milwaukee is agter die tyd.

En al wat ons hier doen, is om te sê, laat ons net nog 'n stinkende bus byvoeg. Hierdie stede is almal baie mededingend. Kom nou ouens! Ons moet daar inkom en veg vir ons posisie. As ons dit nie doen nie, sal ons krimp soos 'n pruimedant.

OMC: Noem twee ander dinge wat Milwaukee nodig het om voort te gaan.

MC: Ons moet fase drie van die Midwest Express Center doen, om nasionaal mededingend te wees en te veg vir die groot byeenkomste. Ons benodig 'n kampioen vir die suidooste van Wisconsin, iemand wat die gebied regtig verkoop. Dis 'n pragtige plek! Mense veg vir plekke soos West Virginia. Ons moet daar uitkom en daaroor skarrel!

OMC: Wat doen u in u vrye tyd?

MC: Ek het nie (hy lag). Ek lei my hond op.

MC: Ek hoor 'n bietjie hard. Die eerste ding wat iemand met gehoorverlies doen, is om 'n gehoortoets te neem en hulle probeer u met 'n gehoorapparaat inpas. As u sien, gaan mense na Walgreen's en kry 'n bril. Die gehoorapparaat is 'n bietjie beledigend, daarom het ek 'n oorversterker ontwerp. Radio Shack het so iets in sy katalogus. Jy koppel die oorfone aan en dit versterk klank. Dus, hulle (Radio Shack) het my daaroor geslaan, maar ek hou daarvan om in die vrye tyd aan sulke dinge te peuter.

Ek het onlangs die plesier gehad om Walter Cronkite op my vliegtuig te hê, en hy is oud en kan nie te goed hoor nie. Hy haat sy gehoorapparate, hulle lyk aaklig. Dus, ek is seker dat hy iets soos die oorversterker wil hê.

Michael Cudahy se boek "Joyworks" is uitgegee deur die Milwaukee County Historical Society en is beskikbaar by die MCHS en boekwinkels in die omgewing.


Cudahy broers

Die Patrick Cudahy Corporation, wat van 1888 tot hede in die Milwaukee -omgewing werk, is een van die historiese vleisverpakkingsreuse van Milwaukee. Die onderneming het sy oorsprong in die verpakkingsfirma John Plankinton, 'n suksesvolle onderneming wat grootliks te wyte was aan die winsgewende vennootskappe wat hy met ander ontluikende verpakkingsmogulusse van die vroeë 1850's tot die laat 1880's aangegaan het: Frederick Layton, Philip Armor en Patrick Cudahy.

Patrick Cudahy verhuis saam met sy gesin in 1849, kort nadat hy gebore is, van Ierland na Milwaukee. [1] Hy het die vleisverpakkingsbedryf as 'n tiener geleer, as 'n draer, plukker, verpakker en weiger by verskeie ondernemings. [2] In 1873 huur die kortstondige Lyman & Wooley (Packing Company) Cudahy as superintendent. [3] Die volgende jaar het Plankinton & amp Armour 'n beroep op Patrick gedoen om sy ouer broer Michael as hul hoof te vervang. [4] 'N Dekade later verlaat Armor hierdie firma en Plankinton bevorder Cudahy tot junior vennoot. [5] In 1888 verkoop Plankinton die firma vir $ 600,000 aan Patrick en John Cudahy en verhuur sy verpakkingsaanleg in Menomonee Valley vir vyf jaar aan die nuwe Cudahy Brothers Company. [6]

Die behoefte aan fasiliteite het die Cudahys aangespoor om hul onderneming te verhuis na Buckhorn, 'n klein dorpie twee kilometer suid van Milwaukee, langs die Chicago en North Western Railroad. Hulle het 'n groot, moderne fabriek op hul nuwe plek in 1893 geopen. Die nabygeleë gebied, wat formeel as Cudahy in 1895 opgeneem is, is geleidelik omskep in 'n industriële voorstad. [7]

Soos Plankinton voorheen, het Cudahy Brothers 'n verskeidenheid diere verwerk, maar gespesialiseer in varkvleisprodukte. [8] Die nuwe fasiliteite kon tot 7 000 varke per dag verwerk. [9] Hierdie verhoogde kapasiteit het die onderneming gehelp om sy verspreiding na Europese markte uit te brei. [10]

Die onderneming het gedurende die vroeë tot middel van die twintigste eeu voortgegaan om te floreer ondanks 'n paar noemenswaardige stryd. Byvoorbeeld, 'n groot brand het in September 1906 byna 'n derde van die Cudahy-aanleg vernietig. [11] Die maatskappy ondervind ook hindernisse vir sy grootste buitelandse mark, aangesien die Kongres in die jare na die Eerste Wêreldoorlog nuwe tariewe ingestel het en Groot -Brittanje gereageer het met mandate dat landbouprodukte, soos vleis, uit die Statebondlande ingevoer moet word eerder as uit die VSA [12]

Patrick Cudahy was trots op die handhawing van 'n 'oop winkel', en die onderneming het gereeld en vurig geveg om vakbondorganisasies deur die geskiedenis heen te organiseer. [13] Gedurende die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het Cudahy Brothers groot hoeveelhede vleis aan die weermag verskaf, maar geweier om die bevel van die National War Labor Board om vakbondlidmaatskap te handhaaf en afskrywingstelsels na te kom. [14] Om 'n moontlike onderbreking van die oorlogsproduksie te vermy en die maatskappy se nakoming te dwing, het die Amerikaanse weermag op 8 Desember 1944 beslag gelê op die Cudahy -aanleg onder presidensiële bevel en die besetting tot die einde van die oorlog voortgesit. [15]

Die Cudahy-gesin het die beheer oor die firma behou tot 1971, toe hulle dit verkoop aan Bluebird, Inc. in Philadelphia [16] Verskeie korporatiewe aankope het plaasgevind totdat 'n Chinese vleisverwerkingsmaatskappy in 2013 Smithfield Foods, Inc.

Gedurende die laaste dekades van die twintigste eeu het die onderneming groot probleme ondervind. Cudahy -werkers het byvoorbeeld in Januarie 1987 gestaak nadat die onderneming lone en voordele verlaag het om die onderneming meer mededingend te maak. Hierdie besonder bittere staking duur byna 28 maande en eindig nadat 'n groep werkers in April 1989 nie probeer het om die onderneming te koop nie. [18] Gedurende die vierde Julie naweek van 2009 het 'n onwettige militêre fakkel op die dak van die aanleg beland en 'n groot brand ontstaan ​​wat die hele kompleks byna verwoes het. Hierdie gebeurtenis - wat gekenmerk word as die grootste strukturele brand in die geskiedenis van Wisconsin - het $ 187,7 miljoen se skade aangerig en 1400 werkers verplaas vir ongeveer drie maande voordat die kompleks herbou en weer in gebruik geneem is. [19] Patrick Cudahy bly Milwaukee se laaste vleisverpakkingsentrum, met spek, ham, vleis en 'n verskeidenheid ander varkvleisprodukte.

Voetnote [+]

    Paul E. Geib, '' Alles behalwe die squeal ': die Milwaukee Stockyards and Meat-Packing Industry, 1840-1930,' Wisconsin Magazine of History 78, nee. 1 (herfs 1994): 15 Patrick Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy: sy lewe. (Milwaukee: Burdick & Allen, 1912), 13-16. Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 43-47, 54, 60. Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 73-76 "Patrick Cudahy," in Wie is wie in Amerika, vol. 3, uitg. John William Leonard en Albert Nelson Marquis, (Chicago, IL: Marquis Who's Who, 1903), 344. Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 76-77, 89. Geib, "Alles behalwe die piep," 15 Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 101 Bayrd Still, Milwaukee: Die geskiedenis van 'n stad (Madison, WI: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1948), 333-334. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 jaar van goedheid vier: Patrick Cudahy, 1888-1998 (Cudahy, WI: Patrick Cudahy, 1998), 2 Geib, "Everything but the Squeal," 15 Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 110-111 Tog, Milwaukee, 334. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 jaar van goedheid gevier, 2 Geib, "Alles behalwe die piep," 15-16 Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 114-115, 131-132, 136-139 John Gurda, Die maak van Milwaukee (Milwaukee: Milwaukee County Historical Society, 1999), 168-169, 183-184. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 jaar van goedheid gevier, 11. Geib, "Alles behalwe die piep," 16 Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 jaar van goedheid gevier, 5. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 jaar van goedheid gevier, 4-5. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 jaar van goedheid gevier., 6 Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 193-194. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 jaar van goedheid gevier, 8. Cudahy, Patrick Cudahy, 134-135 Jonathan Rees, "Gevang in die middel: Die beslaglegging en besetting van die Cudahy Brothers Company, 1944-1945," Die Wisconsin Magazine of History 78, nee. 3 (lente 1995): 205-206. Rees, "Gevang in die middel", 207-208. “VSA Bestuur Cudahy Plant, ” Milwaukee Sentinel, 9 Desember 1944, sek. 1, pp. 1, 2 Rees, "Gevang in die middel", 200-201, 214-216. Patrick Cudahy is opgevolg as president van die maatskappy deur sy seun, Michael, nadat hy in 1919 oorlede is, en Michael is opgevolg deur sy seun, Richard, in 1961. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 jaar van goedheid gevier, 8, 11-12. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 jaar van goedheid gevier, 14-15 Jeff Engel, "Patrick Cudahy sal nie veel verander onder die nuwe Chinese moedermaatskappy nie," Milwaukee Business Journal, 3 Oktober 2013. Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 110 jaar van goedheid gevier, 15 Michael Gordon, “Geheue en prestasie in toneelopvoering Die lyn in Milwaukee: 'n toneelstuk oor die bitter Patrick Cudahy-staking van 1987-1989, 'in Onthou: mondelinge geskiedenisprestasie, red. Della Pollock (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), Jeff Cole, 86-87, "2-year Strike Over at Patrick Cudahy," Milwaukee Sentinel, 1 Mei 1989, art. 1, pp. 1, 7. Tom Held, "Fire Guts Cudahy Meat Packing Plant," JSOnline, 6 Julie 2009, http://www.jsonline.com/news/milwaukee/50091637.html Joe Taschler, "Binnekort sal Patrick Cudahy begin herbou," JSOnline, 21 Maart 2011, Bruce Vielmetti, "Regter om te besluit hoeveel Amerikaanse skuld in Patrick Cudahy Fire," JSOnline, 24 November 2015.

Vir verdere lees

Patrick Cudahy, Inc. 110 jaar van goedheid gevier. Cudahy: Patrick Cudahy, Inc., 1998.

Cudahy, Patrick. Patrick Cudahy: sy lewe. Milwaukee: Burdick en Allen, 1912.

Rees, John. "Gevang in die middel: die beslaglegging en besetting van die Cudahy Brothers Company, 1944-1945." Wisconsin Magazine of History 78, nee. 3 (lente 1995): 200-218.

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Mike Grebe se konserwatiewe woonstel in Cudahy

Dit is net 'n entjie se stap van die Bradley Foundation af, waar Grebe daagliks sukkel om ons almal konserwatief te maak.

Die Cudahy. Foto deur Michael Horne.

Die Cudahy, wat in 1908 gebou is, is een van die min geboue in die land en die enigste in Milwaukee wat al meer as 'n eeu 'n uitstekende woonadres is. Die aangrensende 14 verdiepings lange Cudahy-toring (nie#8220Towers ”), gebou as 'n woonstelhotel, het ook 'n uitstekende huurderslys en byna totale besetting gehad sedert dit in 1929 bygevoeg is

Sedert die konstruksie daarvan het die Cudahy, ontwerp deur Ferry en Clas, twee wêreldoorloë deurgemaak, 'n depressie en 'n voorstedelike vlug, sonder om die aansien van die gebou te verminder. In 1988 destydse eienaar Michael Cudahy die woonstelle van hul huurders leeggemaak, 'n dakverdiepingvloer bygevoeg en die gebou in luukse woonstelle verander, met $ 125,000 vir eenhede wat na die stad gerig is, en drievoudig vir diegene wat destyds rekordpryse gehad het. [Cudahy behou die eienaarskap van die Tower, wat steeds 'n eersteklas huureiendom is.]

Die Cudahy, met sy ewekansige uitsig op die meer en die nabyheid van die middestad, het 'n aantal prominente Milwaukeeans as inwoners getrek. Sommige het dit beskou as 'n manier om 'n dekade lank tussen hul voorstede en die ouetehuise verder op N. Prospect Ave te spandeer, waarna hulle uiteindelik aftree. Dit was al lank 'n oord vir weduwees, en tot vandag toe is die meeste van die 43 eenhede in besit van vroue, insluitend Barbara Kohl, Barb Stein en Betty Quadracci.

Michael W. Grebe, ons Huis Vertroulike Eerwaarde hierdie week, kom na die Cudahy via die Village of River Hills, waar hy jare lank op N. Range Line Road gewoon het terwyl hy voorsitter was van Foley en Lardner, die oudste en grootste regsfirma van Milwaukee.

Met aftrede het Grebe 'n nuwe optrede gekry as president en hoof uitvoerende beampte van die Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, net in die straat in The Lion House, 1241 N. Franklin Pl. Die Stigting, met 2012 -bates van $ 615 miljoen, het daardie jaar $ 31 miljoen aan toelaes gemaak, insluitend ongeveer $ 7 miljoen om burgerlike en kulturele programme in sy tuisdorp te ondersteun.

'N Groot deel van die res van die toelaes het gegaan aan konserwatiewe organisasies, soos die Heritage Foundation, die Ethics and Public Policy Center, die Cato Institute, die American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), die National Tax Limitation Foundation en ander groepe. Dit het onlangs 'n verslag befonds wat krities is oor die Wisconsin Departement van Openbare Onderrig, getiteld “DPI ’s War on Wisconsin ’s School Choice Program. ”

Grebe het onlangs die kritiek dat die stigting finansier anti-Islamitiese programme afgewys en gesê dat die groep ook matig-Islamitiese organisasies ondersteun.

Grebe word goed betaal deur die stigting en verdien verlede jaar ongeveer $ 232,000, vergeleke met 2003, toe hy daar $ 529,000 verdien het. Tog nie 'n slegte verandering nie, veral bo -op die Foley- en Lardner -aftreegeld, en genoeg om die middelste vlak -eenheid op die vierde verdieping in die Cudahy te betaal, wat op $ 72,200 vir die grond en $ 529,200 vir die verbeterings vir 'n totaal van $ 601 400. Belasting op die eenheid, een van 43 in die Cudahy, beloop $ 17,821.78 en word ten volle betaal.

Die toringaanvulling uit 1929, die eerste hoë geboue in Milwaukee, is gebou op grond wat in 1924 deur die Patrick Cudahy Family Co gekoop is, en is 231 voet lank bo-op sy puntige dak. Dit is ontwerp deur Holabird en Root van Chicago. Albei strukture is gewapende beton, met betonvloere en balke, een van die redes waarom hulle in so 'n goeie toestand kon bly. Die toring het in 1968 120 woonstelle gehad, en waarskynlik 'n bietjie minder vandag, aangesien baie eenhede saamgevoeg is. Die toring funksioneer as 'n residensiële hotel, grootliks in die orde van die nabygeleë Astor- en Knickerbocker -geboue, en nie een van hulle het die Cudahy ooit genadiglik benader wat status of eklat betref nie.

Eleanor RooseveltTerwyl die presidentsvrou in die Cudahy -toring gebly het toe sy in 1936 na die stad gekom het om die dorpie Greendale in te wy. Die volgende jaar het die appèlraad beslis dat die “Swedish Institute of Massage, en#8221 voorgestel het om daar te open, aanvaarbaar is. Die massa van massering moet onder sanatorium ingedeel word en toegelaat word in 'n koshuisdistrik. Chinese restaurant, die koloniale kamer en die Fleur de Lis, in besit van Paul “Frenchy ” LaPorte.

In 1959 sluit Frenchy onverwags die deure na die restaurant en trek uit en sê die huur is te hoog. Dit het Michael Cudahy nie daarvan weerhou om 'n beplande skemerkelkie van die restaurant na die voorportaal van sy woonstelgebou, wat hy nog besit, te verskuif nie.

DIE AFRONDING

  • Styl: Beaux Arts -woonstelgebou
  • Plek: Stad Milwaukee
  • Buurt: Juneau Town, Milwaukee, die derde mees wandelbare woonbuurt
  • Pendel: Grebe kan binne 12 minute te voet na sy kantoor by die Leeu -huis, 0,65 myl, te voet gaan, maar hy kan binne 5 uur daarheen ry of op die bus oorkant die straat klim.
  • Stap telling: 85 uit 100. “Baie loopbaar” Waarskynlik meer loopbaar as wat die telling aandui. [Die Cudahy -toring behaal 'n 89 uit 100.]
  • Street Smart Walk -telling: 93 uit 100 “Walker's Paradise. ”
  • Transit -telling: 56 uit 100. “Goeie vervoer”
  • Grootte: 2.501 vierkante voet, plus 'n parkeerplek in die motorhuis.
  • Jaar gebou: 1908
  • Geskatte waarde: Grond - $ 72,200 verbeterings - $ 529,200 Totaal $ 601,400
  • Belasting: $ 17,821.78 Ten volle betaal

OOR MICHAEL GREBE

Michael Grebe dien dekades lank as advokaat by Foley & amp; Lardner, begin in 1970, word vennoot in 1977 en word die uitvoerende hoof, 'n pos wat hy beklee het van 1994-2002. Intussen was hy sterk betrokke by die Republikeinse politiek, beide in Wisconsin en nasionaal. Hy was 'n algemene advokaat vir die Republikeinse Nasionale Komitee en was die Republikeinse Nasionale Komitee vir Wisconsin van 1984 tot 2002. Hy was 'n afgevaardigde van die Republikeinse Nasionale Konvensies van 1984 tot 2000.

Grebe was die veldtogvoorsitter van die voormalige Republikeinse Amerikaanse senator in Wisconsin Bob Kasten. In die vroeë 1980's het Grebe dit ernstig oorweeg om as goewerneur aan die gang te kom, maar uiteindelik besluit daarteen.

Sy styl as uitvoerende hoof van Bradley was baie anders as dié van sy voorganger, wyle Michael Joyce. Joyce was baie lief daarvoor om met liberale te veg, en het redaksies geskryf en uitgesproke kommentaar gelewer waarin liberale en liberale idees gekritiseer word. Hy is baie gekritiseer omdat hy Bradley-geld gebruik het om te help met die finansiering van die Bell Curve, die boek wat mede-outeur was van Charles Murray, wat aangevoer het dat daar rasseverskille in intelligensie was. Dit lyk asof Grebe 'n doelbewuste benadering volg, terwyl hy stilweg steeds meer organisasies befonds om die land te help skuif — en Wisconsin — na regs.

Sommige waarnemers het voorgestel dat Grebe 'n belangrike rol gespeel het in die konstruksie van die konserwatiewe rewolusie wat deur Gov. Scott Walker. Grebe was voorsitter van die Walker-veldtog vir goewerneurs in 2010 en het fondse verskaf vir groepe soos ALEC, wat gehelp het om modelwetsontwerpe te skryf vir konserwatiewe wetgewing wat deur die GOP-beheerde wetgewer deur die staat aangeneem is. Grebe en Bradley het ook 'n magdom nuwe regse publikasies befonds waarop Walker as redakteur van Urban Milwaukee ondersteun kan word. Bruce Murphy geskryf het. En die Bradley Foundation bied befondsing aan die Amerikaners vir welvaart, wat ondersteuning bied vir die Tea Party, wat nasionaal en in Wisconsin 'n groot invloed gehad het.

As “ Redelik konserwatiewe ” blogger Cindy Kilkenny het dit gestel: “ Om Republikein te wees in Wisconsin beteken dat jy 'n Republikein van Michael W. Grebe is. In toenemende mate beteken dit om 'n Republikein in Amerikaans te wees dat u 'n Republikein van Michael W. Grebe is. ”


HOLLYWOODLAND

In hierdie tyd van die jaar is ons gedagtes oor spoke en kabouters en dinge wat in die nag stamp. Ongeluk en bygeloof het Hollywood en diegene wat daar gewoon en gewerk het, gevolg lank voordat die filmmense opgedaag het.

Meer as 100 jaar gelede is 'n huis op die noordoostelike hoek van Hollywood Boulevard en Fullerstraat op die noordoostelike hoek van Hollywood Boulevard en Fuller Street gebou. Die skinder -rubriekskrywer, Louella Parsons, noem die huis wat eens op 7269 Hollywood Boulevard gestaan ​​het, "die jinx -herehuis." Gedurende die vyf en twintig jaar van sy bestaan ​​was dit die tuiste van 'n stigter van 'n kruidenierswinkel, 'n erfgenaam van vleisverpakking en 'n vervaardiger van Hollywood en sy vrou van die filmster. Almal het ongeluk en hartseer beleef tydens hul verblyf daar.

Die bouer en eerste inwoner van die "jinx -herehuis" was George A. Ralphs, die stigter van die kruidenierswinkel van Ralph, die grootste voedselkleinhandelaar in Suid -Kalifornië. Elke Angelino het die een of ander tyd by 'n Ralphs gekoop.

George Albert Ralphs is gebore in Joplin, Missouri, in 1850. Sy gesin verhuis toe hy 'n seuntjie was met 'n prairie -skoener en 'n juk osse. In Kansas het hulle by 'n karavaan aangesluit en toe hulle Colorado bereik het, is hulle deur Indiërs aangeval. Die helfte van die karavaan het in die geveg geskei en geen woord is ooit weer van hulle gehoor nie. Daar word vermoed dat hulle vermoor is.

Die oorblywende karavaan het ná agtien maande se reis in Los Angeles aangekom. Nadat hy klaar was, is George Ralphs opgelei as 'n kundige metselaar. Nadat hy 'n arm in 'n ongeluk verloor het, het hy opgehou met messelwerk en werk gekry as 'n bediende in 'n klein kruidenierswinkel. In 1873 het hy genoeg geld gespaar om sy eie kruideniersware in Sixth- en Springstraat te koop. Van toe af het Ralphs floreer en drie van die grootste winkels in Los Angeles bedryf.

In 1897 trou Ralphs met Wallula von Keith en saam het hulle twee kinders: Albert en Annabel. In May 1913, Ralphs began construction on a new house on a three-acre lot in Hollywood that he reportedly bought from George Dunlap, the town’s second mayor.

Located on the north side of Hollywood Boulevard at Fuller Street, architect Frank M. Tyler designed the Mission Revival house at a cost of $35,000. With a plastered exterior and a red clay tile roof, the house had sixteen rooms with three baths. The interior was richly furnished in oak and mahogany onyx and tile mantels adorned the fireplaces. There was a tennis court on the property, and a swimming pool which was emptied often to water the citrus orchards.

The Ralphs mansion as it looked shortly after being constructed

On June 21, 1914, a few months after moving into the house, Ralphs took his family for a week-end outing to the San Bernardino Mountains near Lake Arrowhead. He had just gone up Waterman’s Canyon with his wife and children for an early morning stroll and, having walked a little faster than the others, sat on a boulder to wait for them to catch up.

As his wife approached, he moved over to allow her sit beside him when the boulder, weighing about three tons, gave way and rolled twenty feet down the canyon, carrying Ralphs with it. His leg was caught beneath the boulder and nearly torn from the socket. He was rushed to the Ramona Hospital (now Community Hospital of San Bernardino) where his leg was amputated. Ralphs came out of the anesthetic shortly after, and talked to his wife for a few minutes but he went into shock. George Ralphs died within the hour at 4:15 o’clock that afternoon.

Ralphs body was returned to his home in Hollywood where funeral services were held. The Ralphs grocery stores were closed that day in memory of their founder. After the service, Ralphs was buried in Evergreen Cemetery.

The grave of Ralph’s grocery store founder, George A. Ralphs at Evergreen Cemetery

Mrs. Ralphs remained in the Hollywood mansion for several years, sometimes living there, and at other times, renting it out to such well-known residents as Mira Hershey, owner of the Hollywood Hotel and to actor Douglas Fairbanks. On August 20, 1918, Mrs. Ralphs hosted a political garden party in honor of California Governor, William D. Stephens and as a fund raiser for the war effort.

However, the “jinx” continued.

In 1920, Mrs. Ralphs leased the mansion to John “Jack” P. Cudahy, the son of the millionaire meat-packer, Michael Cudahy. The town of Cudahy, California which is east of Los Angeles, was named for the family.

In 1899, Jack Cudahy married Edna Cowin, daughter of General John Clay Cowin of Omaha. They had four children, Edna, Marie, Anne and Michael. For a time, Cudahy was general manager of his father’s packing plant in Kansas City. While there, he and his wife became estranged after Cudahy attacked Jere Lillis, the president of the Western Exchange Bank, who he suspected of having an affair with his wife. They were divorced, but reconciled two years later and were remarried, living in Pasadena, California.

Cudahy, however, had his problems. In 1914, he was sued for $30,000 in damages after throwing a doctor’s wife against a table. After a stint in the army, Cudahy was given a medical discharge following a nervous breakdown. In 1919, he was sued by the Hotel Maryland for failure to pay a two-year hotel bill amounting to almost $10,000.

Shortly after moving into the Ralphs mansion, Cudahy was under a doctor’s care for an extremely nervous condition and for insomnia. In early April 1921, he disappeared for ten days and it was later learned that he had been living at the Rosslyn Hotel under a fictitious name. Previous to that he had spent three months in a sanatorium.

At the time, Cudahy was reportedly having financial problems. On April 19, 1921, he received a letter from a trust company in Chicago stating that they would not carry a loan unless his sister Clara would vouch for him. Later that night, Clara sent her brother a telegram briefly stating, “Sorry, but find it impossible to do what you ask.”

John Cudahy’s death certificate (click on image to enlarge)

The following morning, at about 10:30am, Cudahy went into his bathroom, retrieved his Winchester shotgun which he used for trap-shooting, and went to his bedroom. Edna claimed that he did not seem to be unusually despondent. At exactly 11:45am, Edna was in her dressing room when she heard a gun shot and rushed into her husband’s bedroom where she found him dead. He had committed suicide by blowing off the top of his head. John Cudahy was buried at Calvary Cemetery in East Los Angeles.

Edna and her children moved out of the house shortly after her husband’s suicide. Thirteen years later she was living in a mansion near Vine Street and Franklin Avenue in Hollywood. Actor Lou Tellegen, who had fallen on hard times, was living with her and committed suicide in his bathroom by stabbing himself in his heart seven times with a pair of scissors.

After Cudahy’s suicide, the mansion stood empty for about a year. In October 1922, Mrs. Ralphs sold the house and property to a local realty company for $150,000. They planned to demolish the house and build a 350 room apartment hotel at a cost of one million dollars. For unknown reasons, the hotel was never built and the mansion was spared.

Norma Talmadge and Joseph Schenck

Film producer, Joseph M. Schenck and his wife, actress Norma Talmadge, were the next owners of the “jinx mansion.” The Schenck’s, who were married in 1916, probably moved into the house in late 1922 or early 1923. For the first few years their lives were routine, at least for film people, with the exception of several break-ins in which Norma’s jewelry was stolen.

Gradually, the couple began to grow apart. They separated in 1927 and moved into separate residences Norma to an elegant West Hollywood apartment building on Harper Avenue, and Schenck moved to a large house in Beverly Hills. They remained married, however, and kept ownership of the Hollywood Boulevard mansion.

In July 1930, Talmadge traveled to Europe for a rest amid rumors that they were getting divorced but the couple denied the rumors, each claiming they were still in love. The following year, Talmadge asked for a divorce and Schenck agreed but she never filed for it. In 1932, she asked again for a divorce and traveled to Europe, supposedly to get one, but once there, she denied the so-called rumors.

During 1932 alone, the Schenck divorce rumors were many and were announced and denied several times. In the meantime, she had an affair with comedian George Jessel until finally, in April 1934, Talmadge and Schenck were divorced in Juarez, Mexico. Three weeks later Norma married Jessel.

The Talmadge-Schenck home as it looked from Fuller Street in the 1920s

Above is the site from the same angle on Fuller Street as it looks today

During all of this, the Schenck’s kept the mansion, and may have rented it out but Schenck reportedly moved back after the divorce. In May 1936, Schenck redecorated the property, adding a two-story cabana and a 60-foot swimming pool that replaced the one installed by the Ralphs, which was filled in by the Cudahy’s.

Notice of Schenck auction (click on image to enlarge)

Bad luck continued to follow Schenck. In 1936, he agreed to pay a bribe to avoid strikes with the unions, but because he made the payoff with a personal check, it came to the attention of the IRS and he was eventually convicted of income tax evasion. In 1940, he finally sold the Hollywood Boulevard “jinx mansion” and all its furnishings in an auction, supposedly to help pay his legal fees. In 1946, Schenck spent time in prison before being granted a pardon by President Harry Truman.

After Schenck sold the mansion, it was razed to make way for Peyton Hall, the first apartment house to go up on Hollywood Boulevard west of La Brea. The colonial-style garden apartment complex included more than 70 apartments. A red carpet rolled all the way from the grand portico to Hollywood Boulevard. There were discreet private entrances and a loudspeaker on the grounds that summoned stars to the studios.

The architect and builders kept the 60-foot swimming pool that Joseph Schenck installed four years earlier and it was used by the residents, including Shelley Winters and Johnny Weissmuller, who once jumped from the roof into the deep end. Other celebrity residents at Peyton Hall included Susan Hayward, George Raft and Janet Gaynor. Cary Grant stayed there during World War II and Claudette Colbert actually owned the complex and sold it in 1946 for about $450,000 to the first of a succession of owners. In 1960, an investment group bought it for $790,000.

In 2013, Peter Chaconas, aka “MR PETE” (Best Host Emmy winner for KTLA, Channel 5 – 1990), who once lived in Peyton Hall, told Hollywoodland:

“I moved into Peyton Hall in 1976. Living there were Richard Guthrie (Days of our Lives), Dave Fleisher (brother of Max-both of Popeye cartoon fame), McLean Stevenson (M*A*S*H), Herman Hover (who had managed Ciro’s), Timothy Patrick Murphy (actor), and Bill Miller (the first Brad in the Rocky Horror Picture Show at the Roxy on Sunset.

“We loved Peyton Hall. I lived in 3 units. A bachelor (just a room w/a bathroom), a studio apartment (with a full kitchen & great stainless steel counters), and a one bedroom-all at 7243 Hollywood Blvd.

“The long pool was amazing (next to the old maids quarters)… Four lanes with hand laid Italian tiles. There was a HUGE old carriage house that we used for parking. You entered from Fuller Street, and also some covered parking near the pool. The movie Eating Raoul was filmed in apartments there.

“We went on a rent strike for 2 years, to try and save the building. We all deposited our rent into a bank account, and tried our best to lobby the city council to give Peyton Hall a landmark status. But, the land was bought by investors from Taiwan and we were all evicted. They gave us around $1,000 each, and three months to get out.

“We were all very proud to have lived there and really loved the fact that our building had SO much Hollywood history. I sat in my Mustang convertible on Hollywood Blvd and watched them tear down the apartments I had lived in. I should have taken pictures. Now an UGLY complex stands where once a beautiful garden apartment was a fantastic home to those who loved Hollywood. RIP Peyton Hall… We did love you.”

Beginning in 1978, preservationists waged a two-year battle to save the landmark complex –but to no avail. Peyton Hall was demolished in the early 1980s and the recently renamed, Vantage Apartments (formerly the Serravella) was built in 1988 and remains there today.

The Vantage Apartments above is the site of the
Ralphs-Cudahy-Schenck-Talmadge mansion and Peyton Hall

Whether you believe in the “jinx mansion” or not is up to the reader—but it makes an interesting story. If you happen be in the neighborhood of the 7200 block of Hollywood Boulevard on Halloween night, do so at your own risk.


On November 27, 1910, Cudahy died of double pneumonia at a Chicago hospital. He is buried in Calvary Cemetery in Evanston, Illinois.

Cudahy dropped out of school at age 14 and found a job working at Layton and Plankinton, an area meat packing plant. He worked his way up the ranks and was eventually because a private meat inspector. By 1869, Cudahy was a manager in charge of the packing house at Plankinton Armour. In 1873, he was made partner in Armour and Company.

With the help of his brothers Edward and Patrick Cudahy, he established the Cudahy Packing Company in South Omaha, Nebraska in 1890.

Eiendom

By the late 19th century, Cudahy had become a wealthy man living a comfortable life. He took an interest in Mackinac Island, Michigan as a summer home. He also owned a home in Hubbard’s Annex on the island in the late 19th century, which he later sold to his brother Edward. He then went to California in 1897 and traded in real estate to expand his fortune. He returned to Mackinac Island in 1904 and bought , making him one of the largest landowners on Mackinac Island. In 1908, Cudahy sold his share of the Cudahy Meatpacking Company and acquired a 2,800 acre (11&nbspkm²) Rancho San Antonio east of Los Angeles, California. He subdivided the ranch and sold it as one acre (4,000 m²) lots. This area was incorporated in 1960 as the City of Cudahy, California.

Cudahy handpicked renowned architect Frederick Perkins to fulfill his visions of a West Bluff mansion. Perkins also designed the Governors Mansion on the island. In 1904, construction was completed on his mansion which he named Stonecliffe which was the largest private home on Mackinac Island. It went through a number of owners after Cudahy’s death in 1910. In 1970, Stonecliffe was purchased by an entrepreneur named George Steffan who converted the mansion and associated buildings into a first class resort hotel called The Inn at Stonecliffe in which capacity it continues to function to this day.


Michael Cudahy - History

The Irish-born Cudahy brothers started working in the Milwaukee meat business in the early 1860s there they met Philip Armour, whom they followed to Chicago during the 1870s. In the years that followed, the Cudahys operated small packing plants in Chicago. In 1887, with Armour&aposs backing, Michael Cudahy and his brothers started an Armour-Cudahy packing plant in Omaha, Nebraska. The Cudahy Packing Co. was created in 1890, when Michael bought Armour&aposs interest. Over the next 30 years, the company added branches across the country, including a cleaning products plant at East Chicago, Indiana, built in 1909. In 1911, the company&aposs headquarters were transferred from Omaha to Chicago. By the mid-1920s, Cudahy was one of the nation&aposs leading food companies, with over $200 million in annual sales and 13,000 employees around the country. Although it was hard hit by the Great Depression, the company still employed about 1,000 Chicago-area residents during the mid-1930s. Following World War II, the company moved its headquarters first to Omaha and, in 1965, to Phoenix, where it took the name Cudahy Co. During the 1970s, after it was purchased by General Host, Cudahy was dismantled.

Hierdie inskrywing is deel van die Encyclopedia & aposs Dictionary of Leading Chicago Businesses (1820-2000) wat deur Mark R. Wilson opgestel is, met addisionele bydraes van Stephen R. Porter en Janice L. Reiff.


Novices threaten Cudahy’s status quo

They have no money, no name recognition and no political experience.

But that didn’t stop Daniel Cota, an elementary school teacher, and Luis Garcia, a former city maintenance supervisor, from recently filing to run for the Cudahy City Council.

That’s news in this tiny Latino working-class suburb southeast of Los Angeles because there hasn’t been a contested election here since 1999.

“A lot of people want change,” said Cota, who once worked on a city street crew. “They don’t like the way things are being run.”

The candidates said City Hall needs more independent voices. They worry about a City Council that often votes in unison and is closely allied with City Manager George Perez, considered by many to be the most powerful person in town.

For his part, Perez dismissed the challengers as “disgruntled former city employees,” saying a united City Council is essential to progress in a town where fewer than a quarter of adult residents are believed to be U.S. citizens.

“Everybody gets along and everybody supports the council,” said Perez, a longtime Cudahy employee who sports a tattoo of the city’s logo on his leg. “It does scare me that special interests can come in and divide this city.”

His critics say Perez -- whom some call a cacique, a Mexican term for political boss -- has created a political culture in Cudahy resembling Mexico’s when it was a one-party state.

“It’s kind of suspicious that on every issue,” Garcia said, no one on the City Council has “a difference of opinion.”

Cudahy started out as a ranch owned by Omaha meatpacker Michael Cudahy, who moved west in the late 1800s to raise sheep and hogs. Later, he subdivided his land into 100-by-395-foot parcels.

Known as Cudahy Acres, the town was defined for years by the large, narrow parcels that gave it a rural feel in an increasingly urban swath.

After World War II, Cudahy, like its neighbors, emerged as a blue-collar town of white residents. General Motors, Chrysler, Firestone and Bethlehem Steel factories formed the southeast area’s industrial spine.

“When I first moved here, within a radius of five to 10 miles, you had good-paying union jobs,” said Mayor Frank Gurule, a retired business manager for the local carpenters union. “All that’s gone. Now all we have is McDonald’s and Jack in the Box.”

As factories disappeared in the late 1970s, so did the area’s white residents. Neighboring cities subdivided into single-family homes, but Cudahy Acres gave way to enormous stucco apartment complexes.

Three decades later, the city of 25,655 is the state’s second densest, after nearby Maywood. The town is 94% Latino, and almost half its population is younger than 19.

Of the city’s 5,800 housing units, 5,000 are rentals. The median household income is $29,040 and the two largest employers are the Kmart/Big Lots Center and Superior Super Warehouse.

Most who remain settle at the bottom of the region’s low-wage economy, said Francelia Vargas, 19, a cashier at a local market who has lived here most of her life.

“They settle for their American dream, which is a minimum-wage job,” said Vargas, who is also an English major at Long Beach City College. “I’m trying to leave this city.”

Against this socioeconomic backdrop, Perez, 46, has emerged as an unusually powerful city manager.

As a youth, Perez worked as a janitor for the city. By the mid-1990s, he was elected to the City Council. And despite lacking management experience or a college degree, he was hired as city manager in 2000.

The Los Angeles County district attorney’s later investigated his hiring for the $120,000-a-year post, but no charges were filed.

Former City Councilwoman Araceli Gonzalez said Cudahy suffers from “democracy in disarray, without checks and balances.”

Many of the city’s residents are uneducated and come from Mexico and other Latin American countries where machine politics are the norm, she said. Many people can’t vote many who can vote don’t, she said.

Perez has eliminated any organization that could pose a political threat, Gonzalez said. For instance, the city stopped funding the Cudahy Chamber of Commerce, which dissolved, and the nonprofit Cudahy Youth Foundation, she said. The foundation is now run by Perez.

“He got rid of all the support that any council member could have outside of him,” Gonzalez said.

Perez said the city stopped supporting the chamber because “City Hall would be able to handle any and all issues that the business community may have.”

But merchants along Atlantic Avenue complain that Korean investors are purchasing some of the town’s few strip malls and dramatically raising rents, causing many businesses to leave.

Miguel Duenas, owner of a driving school on the avenue, said his rent almost doubled in the last two years. Nine shops in the strip mall are empty and tenants fear the owners may be using the shopping center as a tax write-off.

“You go to the city and no one’s interested,” Duenas said.

Perez acknowledges he’s viewed by some as a political boss. But he maintains that he has done a good job managing the city’s finances and opening up City Hall jobs and services to Latinos.

The city, which has a $7.9-million annual budget, boasts a $3.8-million reserve, the largest in its history, Perez said. People are happy with their city government, he said, adding that town hall meetings regularly draw crowds of 200.

“We are extremely hands-on, dealing with every single issue that comes across [the City Council’s] desk,” he said. “There is nothing that gets past us.”

Maria Espinoza, a Cudahy day-care operator, said she considers the city manager her friend. “Any problem I have,” she said, “I call him and he takes care of it.”

Gurule, who is running for reelection, said council elections have not been contested in the past because “we are doing a fairly good job. Most of the people seem to be happy.”

Others say the town hall meetings are examples of a machine culture that is meant to keep the same people in power.

After each meeting, the five City Council members together raffle off numerous toys and household items. Cudahy also holds monthly food giveaways.

People “are attracted to the gifts,” Cota said.

The challengers said they want to provide more openness at City Hall and to keep people better informed. They point out that a city newsletter rarely circulates. And the city’s website -- www.cudahy.ca.us-- hasn’t been updated since 1999. It still lists the city’s area code as 213 instead of 323.

“That’s just a reflection of where we are right now,” Cota said. “They want to keep the doors shut.”

If elected, Cota and Garcia said, they want to improve educational opportunities, combat gangs and lure more businesses to town.

But they know they face an uphill battle.

A friend of the candidates, Tony Mendoza, had also planned to run for a council seat in the March 6 election. But Mendoza received threatening messages on his answering machine, telling him to leave Cudahy, Cota and Garcia said.

Mendoza didn’t file his candidacy papers in time to meet the Dec. 1 deadline. He could not be reached for comment.

Recently, Garcia said, his Dodge Ram pickup truck was spray-painted with graffiti. Neither Garcia nor Cota is sure that the incidents are tied to their plan to run for council, which has been well known in Cudahy for weeks.

“That’s for the police to find out,” Garcia said. But “it’s funny how this graffiti and these threats came in at the same time we were due to file for council.”

As the campaign gets underway, Cota said, he and his allies know they will battle political apathy and resignation that many immigrants bring with them.

But Cota said he is undeterred.

“Once they see a few individuals out there trying to make a change, they wake up,” Cota said. “They need that energy, that drive, that little push.”

Meanwhile, Perez said, his supporters are happy about the challenge.

“We are not going to allow people who have worked with the city and are upset to come in and tear things apart.”


Michael Cudahy, the eldest of the Cudahy meatpacking brothers, was born in Count Kilkenny, Ireland, and immigrated to Milwaukee with his family in 1849, to escape the Great Irish Famine. The Cudahy brothers helped innovate and grow the meatpacking industry at a critical time, rising from poverty to become some of the wealthiest men in the nation.

At age fourteen, Michael began working for a Milwaukee meatpacker, working his way up to inspector, and then superintendent of the packing house of Plankinton and Armour. By 1875, he was made a partner in Armour & Company, serving as superintendent of the company’s Chicago plant at Union Stock Yards. With Philip D. Armour, he founded Armour Cudahy in Omaha, 1887. In 1890, he traded shares with Armour, establishing the independent Cudahy Packing Company in Omaha. The headquarters moved to Chicago after Michael’s death.

Brothers Patrick and John continued to develop the business in Milwaukee, and eventually Cudahy Packing also had major operations in Kansas City, Sioux City, Wichita, Memphis, Salt Lake City, and Los Angeles.

The Cudahy brothers, and later, their children, helped revolutionize the meatpacking industry, first shifting from barreled pork to a cured meat business. They developed a process of summer curing meat in stationery refrigeration units, so it was available year-round. Cudahy responded to European tariffs and wartime food supply needs by shifting to serve the domestic market. In 1957, Cudahy Company was one of 500 companies listed in the first S&P 500.


Michael Cudahy - History

A History of the Cudahy Family Library

The history of Cudahy Family Library is the story of continuing community support for the cultural and educational values it represents. Mrs. Barney Eaton, wife of the Village of Cudahy's first President, provided the impetus for the founding of the first Library. The wives and children of the early immigrants from Europe were taught to read and write English by Mrs. Eaton, who shared her own books with them. Working with Lutie Stearns, a field supervisor for the Wisconsin Free Library Commission, Mrs. Eaton convinced Otto Frank to open a small library in the back of his drug store on Packard Avenue in 1906. Just a few years later, Mr. Frank notified the Cudahy Common Council that his store space was becoming overcrowded. In 1913, the Council granted a $50 appropriation to move the Library to the old Cudahy City Hall building, with the city clerk acting as librarian.

The first contract with the Milwaukee County Board of Supervisors was signed in 1916, making it possible for Cudahy to borrow books from the Milwaukee Public Library. This heritage of sharing materials with other municipalities has remained in effect ever since.

In 1937, the Library moved to a rented space at 3701 E. Layton Ave. The Board of Vocational and Adult Education offered quarters for the Library in the Vocational School, located at the corner of Squire and Swift Avenues, in 1940, and the Library moved once again. During World War II, hundreds of Cudahy's young citizens were inducted into the armed forces, and the Cudahy Service League was formed in 1943 to raise money for a memorial building for all those who had served their country. By 1944, the League decided that a library would be the most suitable memorial, and the Municipal Memorial Building Commission was created to assist with the building plans. Working together, the League and the Commission conducted a citywide fundraising campaign during 1944 and 1945 and raised $82,000, far short of the $165,000 needed to construct the building. In 1949, a group of Cudahy's leading industrialists adopted the War Memorial Library as their own project. The giving spirit of these industrialists, including Victor F. Braun, Michael F. Cudahy, Herman W. Ladish, and George L.N. Meyer, as well as the generosity of other Cudahy men and women, built the Library that was erected at the corner of Packard and Plankinton Avenues. The War Memorial Library was dedicated and presented to the City on Memorial Day, 1952. The Cudahy Memorial Library holds the distinction of being the only library building in Milwaukee County financed entirely by private contributions.

As the Library's collections grew, however, the 6,500 square feet of space in the original Cudahy Memorial Library building were quickly filled. Just 15 years after the building was dedicated, the book collection had outgrown the planned building capacity and the library's Activity Room was filled with book shelves housing the Library's periodical collections. Access to the Library was also becoming difficult, with the lack of parking spaces for patrons identified as a major problem in the 1967 annual report. In 1974, extra book stacks were added to help ease overcrowding in the adult and children's collections. The Library Board began planning and fundraising for a new addition, which expanded the memorial facility to 8,300 square feet in 1979. Within a matter of a few years, the expanded facility was again filled, with service and functional areas severely compressed.

In 1995, MCFLS adopted a new library software system, and the County Cat was born. County Cat marked the end of an era at the Cudahy Public Library: the card catalogs were replaced by 22 computer terminals throughout the building. Windt Woodwork made the necessary modifications to the Library's circulation desk and constructed a new reference desk and public computer stations. That same year, new interior signage was installed to help library users better locate desired materials. Starting in 1995, the Library also opened on Sundays, with the expanded hours quickly becoming among the busiest of the week.

The Library Board also continued to plan for the future and had a Library Space Needs and Alternatives Study conducted in 1995 by consultant David R. Smith. Following the recommendations of the study to erect a new facility, a Building Advisory Committee (BAC) was appointed in 1996 to help choose a site for the new Library. Boris Frank was also hired to facilitate the BAC meetings and conduct a fundraising feasibility study. Continuing a long history of support for the Library, the Ladish Foundation donated $40,000 to the Library Board to help fund its efforts in planning for a new building.

Deciding on a site and obtaining funding proved to be challenging tasks for the BAC, with a variety of options being explored and many potential sites considered. Environmental studies were conducted on three different sites, and the feasibility of modifying existing buildings in the City was examined. In 1997, following a recommendation from the BAC, the Library Board voted unanimously to build a new Library on Barland Avenue on property owned by the Ladish Company. Once again demonstrating its commitment to the Library, the Ladish Foundation offered to donate the Barland Avenue land for the new Library building in 1998. The Library Board hired architectural firm Frye Gillan Molinaro to design the new library, and preliminary plans for a 25,000-30,000 square foot facility were drawn. In 1998, the Library also marked the Wisconsin sesquicentennial, an event that the community and the Library celebrated through a year's worth of historical programming.

The Library Board's plan to locate the new Library building on Barland Avenue was not without controversy, however, and the plans for the building were put on hold until an approved location and funding could be determined. Throughout 1999, supporters and detractors of the location met with various community groups, the Common Council, and the Library Board to discuss whether a new library was needed, what size it should be, where it should be located, and how it should be financed. Finally, the issue of the need for a new library and how to pay for it was placed on a public referendum in April 2000. The measure was overwhelmingly approved, with 74.6 percent of the community voting to construct a new library and 61 percent voting to use city tax dollars to do so. Throughout 2000, the school children of Cudahy worked diligently to help raise funds for the children's section in the new Library by conducting a penny drive. The students collected money in jars at their individual schools, then brought the coins in to add to the Library's "penny box" in an effort to fill it to the top with one million pennies.

After months of discussion about where the new library should be built, plans for the new Library came into focus in December 2000, when Burke Properties expressed interest in constructing a four-story condominium building and several townhouses in downtown Cudahy. Proximity to the new Library was a key selling point. The Engberg Anderson architectural firm designed the exterior of the new 27,000 square foot library building, and Frye Gillan Molinaro of Chicago designed the interior space.

The City of Cudahy provided $3.2 million in funding for the almost $5 million project. The remainder of the funding for the new Library was donated by the many generous citizens, corporations, and foundations who believe in the importance of a new Library to serve future generations. Echoing the donation made to the War Memorial Fund more than 50 years ago, Judge Richard D. Cudahy donated $1 million for this new building through the Patrick and Anna M. Cudahy Fund. Paying homage to the legacy of his grandfather, Patrick Cudahy, and his parents, Michael and Alice Cudahy, Judge Richard Cudahy named this new facility the Cudahy Family Library.


Kyk die video: A tribute to Patrick Cudahy